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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873
([1873])

[Pueblo agency],   pp. 277-279 PDF (1.5 MB)


Page 277

REPORT    OF COMMISSIONER        OF INDIAN    AFFAIRS.        277 
There is some dissatisfaction among the Utes of my.agency relative to their
annuities. 
They complain because their annuities are not issued to them at the Abiquiu
agency. 
The Los Pinos agency is so far from them that but few ever receive their
annuities. I would 
respectfully suggest, if it is the pleasure of the Department to continue
the agency, 
that provision be made by which the Utes of my agency may receive the amount
of 
goods due them from the Government, in accordance with the treaty of 1-_6;,
at the 
Abiquiu agency. This will be more satisfactory to them than five times the
amount 
given in any other way. 
In regard to the establishment of schools among the Indians, I cannot represent
matters as being encouraging. There are, however, many orphan children among
the 
Utes, and it is to be hoped that, by proper influences, they may eventually
be placed in 
schools. 
No attention is given to agriculture by the Indians of this agency, and,
owing to the 
great scarcity of game, their dependence for subsistence is on the Government.
This 
dependence will be protracted until the Indians are placed on a reservation
and taught 
to cultivate the soil ; which I trust will be done at an early day. 
I have the honor top be, very reslpectfully, your obedient servant, 
W. D. CROTHERS, 
United States Indian Agent, Abiquiu, N. Mex. 
Col. L. EDWIN DUDLEY, 
Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Sante Fj4, 2K Vex. 
52. 
PUEBLO INDIAN AGENCY, SANTA FE', N. MEX., September 25, 1873. 
SIR: In compliance with instructions from the Department, I have the honor
to 
submit the following annual report of the condition of the Pueblo Indians:
I assumed charge of this agency July 1, and have endeavored to make as complete
an annual report as the limited time permits. No adequate means of transportation
was at my disposal when I entered upon the duties of this office. I therefor
called a 
meeting, at Santa F, of the governors of all the pueblos, (villages,) in
order to learn 
as quickly as possible, from the Indians themselves, (pending a personal
inspection,) 
their condition and wants. The information derived from them regarding population,
individual wealth, number of horses and cattle, value -of crops, &c.,
afforded little 
snore than basis for estimates. Since the above meeting, I have visited thirteen
out of 
the nineteen pueblos, and although the statistics of education and return
of farming 
are not claimed as being strictly correct, they nevertheless afford an approximate
idea 
of the present condition of these Indians. To prevent a too flattering estimate
being 
made of the wealth of this people in lands, it would be proper to state that
by far the 
larger portion is unproductive, either by reason of rocky formations or absence
of water 
for irrigating purposes; the latter condition being an all-important one
in this Territory. 
With regard tb individual wealth, also, the general rule of consolidation
applies, and 
the condition of any particular pueblo depends altogether upon its water-privilege.
All the pueblos contiguous to the Rio Grande are comparatively independent,
and are 
but slightly affected by lack of rain. The pueblos remote from this river
depend upon 
small streams and rainfalls, and lead from year to year a precarious existence.
Many 
of them are very poor, and their condition is made worse by church-taxations
and the 
oppressions of their unscrupulous Mexican neighbors. Owing to the light rainfall
of 
this year, (less than known for many years.) considerable suffering will
be experienced 
in quite a number of these pueblos ere another harvest can be gathered. Neither
the 
wheat nor corn crop will amount to half the average yield. 
No appropriation has been made for these Indians for some years, but in view
of the 
very poor harvests of the present season, I would most earnestly recommend
that a 
reasonable sum be appropriated for distribution among the really destitute.
These 
Indians are very industrious, and are simple in their. habits. They are inoffensive,
and crimes are almost unknown.    They are by no means addicted to whisky-
drinking, and no cases of drunkenness occur during their visits, for trade
or other 
purposes, at Santa F6.  During the time of their " feasts," held
in spring, early 
autumn, and Christmas holidays, they are visited by Mexicans liberally suppliedt
with 
whisky, and a small number of their young men sometimes patronize these pocket-
merchants. An habitual drunkard cannot be found among them. 
I have elsewhere referred to their oppression by Mexican neighbors. The greatest
source of complaint is the encroachment of Mexicans upon their lands; and
in most 
cases of this nature their agent is powerless and cannot, by reason of absence
of any 
well-defined boundaries, afford them any relieL This trouble continually
increases, 
and unless decided action is soon taken, years of litigation will not suffice
to establish 
ithe rights of the Indians, No julstice can be had in the Mexican courts.
 The native 


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