United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873
[New Mexico superintendency], pp. 263-270 PDF (4.2 MB)
REPORT OF COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 263 ties during the past spring and early summer. Suffice it tp say that I should not have tolerated anything of the sort near here. The sanitary condition of these Indians is not what it should be, nor, I am satisfied, from conversations with members cf the Board of Commissioners, what the Department desires it should be. I presume there is no remedy for this state of things so long as this band refuse to avail themselves of the ample provision made at the agencies on the reservation for their wants in the way of shelter, clothing, and medical attendance; yet, for humanity's sake, I regret that the Government cannot stretch a point and minister to all the needs of this inoffensive people, even though they be "off the reser- vation." I have no further suggestions to offer in regard to the future management of this "roving band of Utes;" but I trust that the peaceful relations which have existed be- tween them and the whites for the past three years may continue while the tribe exists. I desire to acknowledge the courtesy and attention of all the Department officers during the past year, and am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, JAMES B. THOMPSON, United States Special Agent. The CO-MMISSIONER OF INDIN AFFAIRS, Washington, D. C. 46. OrrICE SUPERINTENDENT OF LNDIAN AFFAIRS, Santa F6, N. Mex., Noteinber 15, 1873. Sir: I have the honor to submit my annual report, together with those of the several agents connected with this superintendency. I assumed the duties of my position on the 14th of December, 1872, and since that time have visited all the agencies, and, with two exceptions, all of them at least twice. In every instance where there seemed to be the least probability of an outbreak by the Indians, I have endeavored to reconcile them by visiting them in person, hearing state- ments of their grievances, and where it lay in my power I have remedied any mis- management of which they complained. So far as this superintendency is concerned, the friends of the'present Christian and humanitarian policy have reason for congratulation. During the past year but few serious deprdations have been committed by the Indians, and during the entire year I lave learned of but two murders of white persons by savages. IYour attention is invited to the condition of affairs at the several agencies, brief notices of which will be found in the following remarks: MESCALERO APACHES. This agency is located at Fort Stanton, about 200 miles southeast from this place. The Indians are among the most wild and savage under my charge. For some years they lived with the Comanches and participated in their depredations; but they have been gradually collected about the agency, although the communication between them and the Comanches seems to be only partially interrupted. When I became superintendent these Indians were very much excited about the murder of their principal chief, Cadette, who was killed, it is supposed, by Mexicans, against whom he had recently given evidence on a trial of them for selling whisky to Indians. Fears were entertained by the settlers that they might break out and devas- tate the surrounding country. Twelve. days after assuming charge of this office, I started to visit them. I found that affairs at this agency required the presence of some officer determined to protect the interests of the Government. The firm which held the appointment of Indian traders, and acted as military traders, seemed to have taken entire possession of Indian affairs at that place. The agentappeared to have very little business except to approve vouchers made for him by these men. The Gov- ernment had no buildings, and there were none in the neighborhood that could be rented. The agent was, in consequence, compelled to accept such hospitalities as they felt inclined to bestow on the Government and its officers. I remained at this agency several days, and held three councils with the Indians, visited them in their ranchos, and saw much of the country they claimed as theirs, and desired to have set apart as a reservation. The chiefs told me that this country was their home, that they were anxious to have it set apart as a reservation, and were not only willing but anxious to remain at peace. They were very desirous that the murderers of their chief should be punished, but assured me that they would refrain fromn taking the matter into their own hands. I promised that the murderers should be dealt with by the law, if discovered, and asked them to advise the agent if any new facts were ascertained. Up to the present nothing is known of the murderers.
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