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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873
([1873])

[Los Pinos agency],   pp. 257-260 PDF (2.1 MB)


Page 257

REPORT    OF COMMISSIONER       OF INDIAN     AFFAIRS.       257 
Snake River, where a trader by the name of Charles Perkins succeeded in decoying
away a small party of them by trading to them whisky, causing much trouble
at the 
agency for the first time since I have been in charge. Chief.Jack narrowly
escaped 
with his life, having been shot at three times by Peah, head chief of the
tribe, whose 
special agency is at Denver. During the excitement succeeding the attack
of the 
Rawlins men on a band of Arapahoes, at Pine Grove Meadows, and the Indians
having 
been mistaken for Utes, they remained perfectly passive and quiet. They were
guilty 
of no acts of violence upon the employ6s, and have maintained a quiet, orderly
de- 
meanor when the excitement along the border of the Territories of Colorado
and Wy- 
oming was at a fever heat. When I reached Rawlins, July 11, 1873, I found
the people 
of both Territories excited to an extraordinary degree with apprehensions
of a general 
Ute war; and the various conflicting stories and irreconcilable reports that
had been 
put forth by the press were fully credited, which made, for the time being,
matters 
very critical with us here. Douglass and his chiefs knew nothing of the events
at 
Pine Grove Meadows to a certainty, but were told, on what was regarded as
the most 
reliable authority, that they had been the sufferers in the killed and wounded
in this 
affair; yet for at least two weeks they preserved a quiet and calm demeanor;
and 
when he, with thirty of his warriors, went to Snake River, and Mr. James
Baker, the 
old pioneer of the mountains, gave his opinion to them that it must have
been Arapa- 
hoes and not Utes, without any positive knowledge on his part, they quietly
returned 
to the agency to await further developments. Since that time the Utes have
declared 
to me their gratitude to the Rawlins men for intercepting and driving back
this band 
of Arapahoes, their most inveterate enemies, and when at the time they were
attacked 
by the Rawlins men [they] were on the trail to White River to murder and
scalp the 
squaws and children and steal their stock, as the Sioux did to the Pawnees
this summer. 
At the time they were camped at Pine Grove Meadows the larger portion of
the Ute 
women and children were camped near William's Fork, on the reservation, the
war- 
riors away hunting, and they would have fallen an easy prey to these murderous
Arapahoes, armed with their Sharp's and Winchester rifles. If these predatory
bands 
of Arapahoes, Sioux, and Cheyennes are to be allowed to make these raids
on the 
friendly Indians, I would suggest that a fort be erected near the northern
limit of the 
reservation; it would serve to protect the friendly and well-disposed Indians
from 
molestation, and likewise cause the Utes to remain within the limits of their
reserva- 
tion. 
The sanitary condition of the Indians has been very good, in comparison with
last 
year. Our chief, Sawachewicket, an Indian doctor, and four others are all
that have 
died that I have any knowledge of; and in comparison with last year the mortality
has been light. They have been better supplied with clothing, and seem to
desire to 
have things more in accordance with the usages of civilized life. Chief Uncachief
asked to have his squaw buried according to our Christian custom, and she
was so in- 
terred, the employ6s assisting at the burial. 
No complaints or disturbances of any kind have occurred at any time during
the 
past year, with the one exception mentioned above, caused by whisky. I am
not 
aware of a single instance of crime having been perpetrated during the past
year 
within the limits of the reservation. One instance of suicide, which I mentioned
in a 
former report, having occurred caused by depression and consequent derangement
of 
mind.                        a 
In educational matters I have nothing to report. There was some interest
mani- 
fested during the winter by a few young men; but owing to the fact of not
having 
schodl-buildings suitable, and the want of interest on the part of the Indians
generally, 
I felt it my duty to discontinue the school for the present, trusting that
after we shall 
have erected suitable buildings it will be re-opened, and some good accomplished
through the agency of a school. Only a boarding-school of an industrial character
is 
practicable in the present stage of Ute development. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
J. S. LITTLEFIELD, 
United States Indian Agent, IThite River Ute Indian Agency, Colorado Territory.
Hon. E. P. SMITHY, 
Conmisuioner of Indian Affairs. 
43. 
Los PiNos AGENCY, COL., 
September "26, 1873. 
Sin: I have the honor to submit herewith my second annual report of the condition
of affairs at this agency. 
This report was necessarily delayed a few weeks on account of the pending
negotia- 
17 IA 


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