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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873
([1873])

[Flathead agency],   pp. 249-251 PDF (1.4 MB)


Page 249

REPORT    OF COMMISSIONER       OF INDIAN     AFFAIRS.       249 
plish anything in the way of educating these Indians, is by having a series
of books 
published in their own language. 
On the 31st. of July last, Hon. F. R. Brunot, Gen. E. Whittlesey, and Dr.
James 
Wright, arrived at this agency with instructions from the Hon. Secretary
of the Inte- 
rior to negotiate with the Crows for their present reservation. After fully
understand- 
ing their business and instructions, and the wishes of the Government in
regard to 
them, the commissioners, on the 16th of August, completed an agreement with
them to 
cede all their present reservation, and to take in lieu theIfeof what is
known as the 
Judith Basin, comprising about one-third the extent of territory as that
of the 
present reservation, and lying on the south side of the Missouri River. In
connection 
with this matter, I beg leave to state that the supplies not yet having arrived
from the 
East, I have been compelled to purchase sugar, coffee, &c., from N. Story,
in order to 
subsist these Indians in accordance with treaty stipulations. I have also
been com- 
pelled to purchase supplies for hospital use, on requisition of physician,
and by recom- 
mendation of the special commission, such as tea, rice, hominy, fruit, and
corn meal, 
to be issued to sick Indians ; and hope my action in the matter will meet
the approval 
of the Department. 
Having received orders, I accordingly turned over the Crow agency and all
property 
and appurtenances thereto belonging, on the lth instant, to my successor,
James 
Wright. 
Respectfully submitted, 
F. D. PEASE, 
Agent for Crow Indians. 
11o1. COMMISSIONER INDIAN AFFAIRS, 
Lfashington, D. C. 
39. 
FLATHEAD INIAAN AGENCY, M ONTANA, 
Se)tember 8, 1873. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit this my first annual report of the condition
and 
-management of this agency. I also inclose herewith statistics of farming
and educa- 
tion. 
On the 1st of January last I relieved my predecessor, Mr. C. S. Jones, and
on the same 
day assumed the duties of agent. The condition in which I found the agency
was as 
poor as could be described; the work-cattle were worthless, three of them
having 
since died, and the balance of the band are not expected to survive the coming
winter. 
There was only one serviceable wagon, no serviceable plow, and the harrow
consisted 
of a few pieces of iron driven through some bars of rotten wood. The only
property 
which could at all be utilized (except the mills) was a span of horses and
the wagon, 
neither of which were first class. 
There was not subsistence and forage enough to keep life in employ6s and
stock for 
one week. The buildings were dilapidated and few, and everything wore an
appear- 
ance of gloom and decay; even the Indians appeared to have no confidence
in any 
statements made to them. 
Of the twenty Indian houses ordered built by General Garfield, August 27.1872,
not 
one had been finished, nor did the work on the four which had been commenced
amount 
to as much as the completion of one; neither was there any timber on hand
or cut 
for the purpose; and this was used as an argument by the Flatheads in justification
of their non-compliance with the terms of the contract made between General
Garfield 
.and themselves, (August 27, 1872.) 
After a full review of the situation I deemed it advisable to change the
condition of 
tbhings as soon as possible. I therefore immediately commenced breaking and
fencing 
land preparatory to putting in crops, in order that I may thereby infuse
the Indians 
with a spirit of industry and self-sustenance. In order to facilitate the
building of 
the Flathead houses, on the 20th of March I employed additional men and teams
and 
continued to employ additional means according to the exigencies of the service,
until 
their completion, which was effected on the 30th of June last. These houses
are 16 by 
18 feet, one and a half stories high, well lined and ceiled, with good shingle
roofs and 
aAobe chimneys, and one door and two windows each. Six are frames and fourteen
sawed logs, (the latter being preferred by the Indians.) Two are for the
second and 
third chiefs, and are double the size described. In addition to those, I
have built one 
large four-room house for use andoccupancy by the resident physician, and
repaired 
the shops for present use. 
Thus I have built 21 houses, repaired others, erected 1,4 0 rods of fencing,
broken 
and seeded 140 acres of land, made about 6 miles of irrigating and other
ditches, cut 
about 60 tons of hay, 40 tons of it a distance of 10 miles from the agency
and the 


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