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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873
([1873])

[Crow agency],   pp. 248-249 PDF (951.9 KB)


Page 248

248        REPORT    OF COMMISSIONER       OF INDIAN    AFFAIRS. 
SCHOOLS. 
We have none, nor indeed has there ever been anything like one, on the reservation;
there have been, indeed, no buildings nor arrangements for a school. We however
have 
the material now prepared, and in a few days expect to start the building
and finish it 
before winter sets in. I secured a few days since books to start a school,
and expect as 
soon as possible to get things in shape fdr proper tuition of those who may
be induced 
to attend. 
I judge from what I can learn that the Indians here were never more quiet,
and things 
connected with them in a more hopeful shape, and yet apparently everything
almost 
to make these men such as they can be, and ought to be, is to be done. We
have, with 
some little change in the form of the treaty which is now hoped for soon,
and with 
proper outlay of means and example, labor and patience on the part of those
employed- 
to look after them, as well as the same solicitude and evident willingness
on the part 
of the Department that has already been shown since our labor here, the most
cheerful 
hope for the future. 
Respectfully, yours, 
]HENRY W. REED, 
United Stales Indian Agent. 
Hon. EDWARD P. SMITH, 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs. 
38. 
CRoW AGENCY, MONTANA, September 28, 1873. 
SiR: I have the honor to submit herein my third annual report in regard to
the 
Crow Agency, and the Indians under my charge. 
The Mountain Crows now number about thirty-two hundred souls, including half-
breeds and remnants of other tribes, who have become incorporated in the
Crow Na- 
tion. They still continue to conform in all respects, as nearly as practicable,
to their 
treaty stipulations. About fifty lodges of River Crows have remained with
the Moun- 
tain Crows during the past year, and have been mostly subsisted and clothed
out of the 
Mountain Crow fund. Twenty lodges more have lately joined the Mountain Crows,
and the balance (twenty lodges) have notified me that they would soon come
to this 
agency, and remain permanently with the Mountain Crows, thereby making but
one 
tribe. The River Crows, in all, number about twelve hundred souls. 
On the 271st of September, 1872, a large war party of Sioux and Arapahoe
Indians 
made a raid upon this agency, running off a large amount of stock, killing
one white 
man, (Dr. Frost,) two Crow squaws, and one Crow infant. Again, this season,
on the 
3d of the present month, they made their appearance, and tried to run off
the agency 
stock; but being discovered in time by the employds of the agency, they received
such 
a warm reception that they failed to accomplish their undertaking, further
than killing 
Charles Noyes and Joseph Hosea, who were at the time about one mile from
 the 
agency buildings, and in getting away with a few head of cows and oxen belonging
to the agency. 
About two o'clock a. m. of the 30th of October, 1872, a fire was discovered
by the 
watchman in the bastion and laborers' quarters, and although the alarm was
promptly 
given and every endeavor was made to save the buildings composing the stockade,
owing to a high gale of wind prevailing at the time, the buildings were all
destroyed. 
together with most of their contents. For further information upon this subject
I re- 
spectfully refer you to my special report of the fire, soon after its occurrence.
From what material I could use from Indian houses, I succeeded in erecting
tempo- 
rary houses and quarters, sufficient, barely, to prevent freezing during
the winter. 
On the 10th day of February last I issued to the Mountain Crows their annuities
for 
1872, in the presence, of Capt. L. C. Forsyth, who was detailed from Fort
Ellis, Mon- 
tana, to witness the same. 
In regard to the farming operations at this agency for the present season,
I have to 
report almost an entire failure. Owing to the farm being situated in the
low bottom- 
land, near the river, the extreme high flood inundated nearly the whole of
the farm 
for some two months, thereby almost utterly destroying the entire crop. A
portion of 
the cereals would however have matured had it not been that a large and destructive
army of grasshoppers made its appearance just before the grain was ripe.
For further 
particulars on this subject, see farming statistics. 
In regard to the progress of the schools, I have to report the same old story;
the 
constant warfare between the Crows and Sioux, and the unsettled condition
of this 
agency. being the excuse as usual. But the real fact is, that the Crows have
not yet 
been agency Indiamns long enough to see and understand the necessity of an
English 
education, or the benefits derived therefrom. In my opinion, the only way
to accom- 


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