United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873
[Shoshone and Bannock agency], pp. 244-245 PDF (923.1 KB)
244 REPORT OF COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. next ten years. Building material can be had within ten miles of the agency, and good hay-land in about fifteen. They should be furnished with Ree corn, for seed, as early in the spring as possible. This is best for the altitude, as it is hardy, productive, and is ready for roasting-ears within six weeks after it is put in the ground. The disposition of these Indians and those of the north toward the whites has changed much for the better within the past year. They show more feeling of depend- ence, and more anxiety to be at peace; all of which they try to cover up with a greater amount of bravado talk by the soldiers, while the chiefs say very little. Those In- dians from the north that spent the winter here were quite well disposed, and spoke well. They were not disposed to dictate or complain as those who had been a long time at the agency. This marked improvement among all of these Sioux is greatly owing to the generous course pursued by the Department in feeding them the past winter. The northern Indians came to these agencies starving and enemies, and received the same kind care that was given to those who had been here for years, though the chiefs were loth to come to the agency. When they first came in thley sent their soldiers to get rations that they might taste white man's food without his knowing of it; but after a few issues they came to acknowledge their dependence. Those Indians that committed the depredations on this frontier the past year were composed of Bad Face Sioux of the Ogallala band, numbering about forty lodges, and have not been fed at this agency. The head-men of these outlaws are Crazy Horse, Little Big Man, and Little Hawk. It is reported these have headed the war parties that killed the whites. Red Cloud is called the chief of all the Bad Faces by the In- dians, and most of his relatives belong to the outlaws. His son-in-law was one of the principals in killing the two women in the Sweetwater country in July. For the good of the Indians, as well as the peace of the frontier, it is important that these murderers be summarily dealt with. By educafion the Indian is incapable of appreciating leniency, and to prevent a border war it requires more firmness in their management. To do this the agent must have force to enforce his demands. The Cheyenne and Arapahoes, for the first time since their treaty with the Govern- ment, have all been at the agency the greater part of the year. They behaved them- selves well and avoided all bad talk in their councils. These Indians are anxious for an agency by themselves, which is considered advisable if selected on the reservation, as their going south to join their people is impracticable, and they should be away from the Sioux in drawing their rations. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. W. DANIELS, Acting United States Indian Agent. The COiMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, Washington, D. C. 35. SHOSHONE AND BANNACK AGENCY, Wyoming Territory, September 17, 1S73. SIR: I have the honor to submit the following annual report relative to the progress of the service at this agency. The Shoshone Indians have, since my last report, deliberately resolved in council to settle down on their reservation and cease their migratory habits. The number at that time on the reservation was 791 men, women, and children, numbering 126 lodges. Nearly all of the families wanted implements, seed, and land to commence farming last spring. There was about 200 acres of land broke in a field of 320 acres, all of which they plowed over with their ponies, assisted with the Government work-cattle, and sowed with wheat, or planted with potatoes and garden-vegetables. Though pretty well prepared for a small beginning, I had not anticipated so many new farmers requiring more plows, harness, and other implements, than I was able to supply. All worked, men and women, old and young, with great good humor and perseverance. It has been necessary to employ-additional white men to assist in instructing them, irrigating their crops, &c. Each family worked a piece of ground separately. It is believed they will cultivate a large amount of land next year, and a new field of about 300 acres has been fenced in this summer by the employ6s, and a frame building 20 X 40 feet is being erected to store Indian grain and protect farming implements. The aggregate amount of the crop raised by the Indians this year will bie from ten to twelve hundred bushels of wheat, from two and a half to three thousand bushels of potatoes, and a considerable amounit of carrots, beets, onions, and other vegetables for winter use.
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