University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873

[Wichita agency],   pp. 223-225 PDF (1.5 MB)

Page 223

I would respectfully call the attention of the Department to this subject,
and ask 
that proper legislation be had in the premises. I also desire to again urge
the Depart- 
ment to furnish me in some way with a police force, to operate against Indian
white horse-thieves, and whisky-peddlers. The descent on the whisky-ranches
on the 
frontier of Kansas last winter, elsewhere referred to in this report, has
inspired the 
denizens of that section with a wholesome dread of consequences that is salutary
the extreme, and must be maintained. 
My further acquaintance with these Indians emboldens me to say that the progress
made during the past year in the avenues of civilization are encouraging,
and leads me 
to the expression of my firm belief of the ultimate success of the peaceful
policy. Work 
of this nature must necessarily be very slow, and requires at times deep
and abound- 
ing faith, and an entire reliance on Him who doeth all things well. 
We must first gain their confidence; and, in order to do this, they must
know by our 
acts that we are interested in their affairs, and then they will be more
ready to accept 
godd counsels. To this end, it has been my practice to visit them in their
camps to counsel with them on various subjects, in order that they may become
acquainted with me and I with them.                     3 
Please accept my grateful acknowledgments for assistance and kind co-operation
extended to me while conducting my official intercourse. 
United States Indian Agent, Cheyennes and Arrapahoes. 
ENOCH HOAG, Superintendent Indian Affairs. 
Alinthmonth 1, 1873. 
DEAR FRIEND: As required by instructions from the Indian Department, I herewith
submit my fourth annual report. 
Although this is my fourth annual report, I have been officially connected
with the 
agency but about three years, my commission being dated Eighthmonth 21, 1870.
autumn of that year being one of unusual rains and freshets, but little could
be done 
during the time toward commencing business for the new agency. Some provision,
however, was made of a temporary nature, during the fall and winter, for
the protec- 
tion of animals and property, and preparation was made for an agency-house;
our work was not fairly under way till the following spring. It will be recollected
that there were no improvements of any kind on the reservation; in consequence
which my family and all the employ6s, when they reached the settlements of
Indians, were exposed to great hardships during a cold and unusually stormy
The Caddoes, Delawares, and Ionies were all living in ordinary skin-or canvass
lodges or rude wigwams covered with mats or grass; the Wichitas and kindred
having built grass houses, in their own peculiar way, were more comfortably
During the three years mentioned, ending Sixthmonth 30, 1873, there has been
expended by the agent, in improvements made for bettering the condition of
Indians, the sum of eighty-one thousand two hundred and eighty dollars and
cents ($81,280.62) of the appropriations made by Congress for " colonizing
and sup- 
porting Wichitas," or an average of twenty-seven thousand and ninety-three
and fifty-four cents ($27,093.54) per annum. 
It would be impracticable to enumerate all the improvements that have been
upon the reservation and exhibit the various articles purchased for carrying
on the 
affairs of the agency here, but the mills with their fixtures, the farm implements,
tools for the use of the different mechanical branches which have been necessary
our advancement, the shops with their equipments, the stock of animals necessarily
procured, and many other things, in addition to the buildings and other improvemmits,
are in good condition and still represent the greater part of their original
The Indian houses now on the reservation, built of logs or luinber furnished
from the saw-mill, number over sixty, and other improvements have been extensively
made in the way of fencing in pieces of land, tome of which amount to large
fields of 
ten, fifteen, and twenty acres, and, in one or two instances, fifty acres
are thus inclosed 
and the land is under cultivation. The fields have mostly been fenced by
the Indians 
themselves; but generally the ground has been broken at Government expense.
many cases the Indians have been assisted in building their hquses, and a
large amount 
of lumber has been furnished to them for doors, door and window-frames, floors

Go up to Top of Page