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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873
([1873])

[Osage agency],   pp. 215-218 PDF (2.0 MB)


Page 215

REPORT    OF COMMISSIONER       OF INDIAN     AFFAIRS.       215 
21. 
SAC AND Fox AGENCY, Vinthntonth, 18t, 1873. 
I herewith submit my first annual report of the Sac and Fox Indians under
my 
charge. 
Numbering about five hundred, they are located on one of the most beautiful
reservations in the Indian Territory., amply sufficient in extent to accommodate
all the 
detached bands of the tribe in the various portions of the country. It is
claimed, upon 
pretty good authority, that about two hundred of these Indians, under Mo-ko-ho-ko,
a disaffected chief, still remain as ragrants in the State of Kansas, being
excluded 
by treaty provision from participating in the annuities of the tribe while
away from 
their reservation. Also a few lodges still remain in Iowa, confederated with
straggling 
bands of Winnebagoes and Pottawatomies, and although the Sac and Fox portion
of 
this confederation cannot number more than eighty souls they are allowed,
under this 
arrangement, to draw annuities from the common tribal fund for about three
hundred 
persons. 
That portion of the tribe who have removed to the reservation, and are under
my 
charge, are prospering in their agricultural and educational interests. A
mission 
school and boarding-house, provided for in treaty, have been erected and
are ready for 
use, and competent teachers have been secured to take charge of the children
who 
manifest a disposition to avail themselves of the opportunity of education.
The number of our fields have been increased and their area enlarged during
the 
year, and these Indians are now encouraged in the belief that they are settled
upon a 
a permanent home, to which they invite for settlement the straggling bands
of the 
tribe now wandering elsewhere, and particularly that portion confederated,
as above 
stated, with the Winnebagoes and Pottawatomies in Iowa, who are, without
benefit to 
themselves and to the detriment of the people of that State, drawing quite
too large 
a proportion of the annuities of the tribe, and making up their scanty subsistence
by 
a regular system of begging from door to door, among their white neighbors
resident 
in Iowa. 
The Absentee Shawnees under my charge are in a prosperous condition. They
num- 
ber nearly seven hundred. They all live in houses provided by themselves,
and 
generally have cultivated farms. They subsist themselves, with the oversight
of the 
- agent and some assistance by way of agricultural implements, &c. Their
educational 
interests require attention. A good school, established at the expense of
the Govern- 
ment, is well supported and is flourishing; but, the house and facilities
are entirely in- 
sufficient to relieve their necessities. I would recommend that $7,000 be
appropriated 
by Congress for the erection of suitable buildings for a mission school for
these deserv- 
ing people, and that $5,000 annually, for a brief period, be appropriated
for the support 
of the same. The effects of an institution of this kind established among
a people who 
appreciate the need of education and will improve every facility afforded
them, who 
have no annuities, no assistance provided by treaty, cannot be overestimated
upon the 
wild tribes who surround them. They are peaceable, loyal, and industrious,
and a liberal 
outlay on the part of the Government for their education is but just, and
is but a short 
avenue to the civilization of the wild tribes above mentioned, and will be
found to be 
strict economy in the management of Indians. 
Very respectfully, 
JOHN H. PICKERING, 
United States Indian Agent. 
ENOCH HOAG, 
Superintendent Indian Affairs, Lawrence, Kans. 
22. 
OSAGE AGENCY, I. T., Ninthmonlh, 1873. 
ESTEEMED FRIEND: My fourth annual report of the Neosha agency is herewith
sub- 
mitted. 
My statistical account of the population of the Osages taken from the spring
enroll- 
ment is 2,823. Last year the number given was 3,906, yet I believe the tribe
is on the 
increase, the true number being about 3,500. It is almost impossible to obtain
a cor- 
rect census. 
Early in the current year a delegation of the Kaw Indians, with commissioners
Stanley and Spray, visited the Osages with a view of selecting their future
home in 
this reservation, as provided in Osage treaty of Thirdmonth, 187-2. The requisite
amount 
of land was chosen from the northwest corner of this reservation and the
boundaries 
determined by the commissioners. 
Having been to much expense and trouble in procuring a good machine for thrash-
ing and cleaning the crop of wheat harvested by the Osages, from the fifty
acres sown 
-   -,N 


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