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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873
([1873])

[Cherokee agency],   pp. 202-208 PDF (3.6 MB)


Page 202

202       REPORT    OF COMMISSIONER        OF INDIAN    AFFAIRS. 
sas until suitable buildings could be erected for them here. But, as the
time drew 
nigh to start, their affection for them overcame their better judgment, and
they deci- 
ded to take them along. Consequently the school was closed the last of Fifthmionth,
1873, except Sabbath-school, which has been kept up at this place. But few
of the full- 
blood Indian children attend, having worli out their citizen clothes and
being 
ashamed to come in their Indian costume. The tribe left their old reservation
in Kan- 
sas on the 4th of Sixthmonth, and arrived here on the 21st without the loss
of one mem- 
ber, and without having had any difficulty with the whites or among themselves.
They have been well satisfied thus far with the change, and, if not annoyed
by other 
and wilder tribes, and funds can be had, will make more rapid strides in
civilization 
than they did in Kansas, but it must be in proportion to the funds received
to aid them 
in purchasing stock, implements of husbandry, seeds, &c. Both children
and adults 
express great anxiety to have suitable mission and school buildings erected
as early as 
practicable, and they are certainly suffering great loss for want of them.
A few tempo- 
rary cabins have been erected for the use of employes of the. commissary
stores, black- 
smith shop, &c., and about 200 acres of prairie broken on the reservation,
but, unfor- 
tunately, the Indians did not arrive in time to plant but a small portion
of it. About 
150 tons of hay have been put up for the use of the agency stock and for
the Indian 
horses. The health of the tribe has been better since their removal than
it was in 
Kansas, although a few deaths have occurred, and I earnestly recommend that
a phy- 
sician be employed at a stipulated salary to reside among these Indians.
Very respectfully submitted.H                       I 
MAHLON STUBBS, 
United States Indian Agent. 
ENoc H HOAG, 
iSuperintendent of Indian Affairs. 
16. 
UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR CHEROKEES, 
Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation, Ind. T., September 20, 1872. 
SIR: In accordance with the requirements of "our office, I forward the
following as 
my report for the year 1873. 
The Cherokee Nation consists of a heterogeneous population, differing from
each 
other in language, race, and degree of advancement in civilization. For this
reason 
they require a great variety of appliances to secure their further progress
in all that 
pertains to civilization and religion. 
The--various classes may be thus enumerated: 
1st. The full-blood Cherokees. 
2d. The half-breed Cherokees. 
3d. The Delawares, both full-blood and half-breed. 
4th. The Shawnees, both full-blood and half-breed., 
5th. The white men and women who have intermarried with these. 
6th. A few Creeks who broke away from their own tribe, and have been citizens
of 
the Cherokee Nation for many years. 
7th. A few Creeks who are not citizens, but live here without any rights.
8th. A few Natchez Indians who are citizens. 
9th. The freedmen adopted under the treaty of 1866. 
10th. Freedmen not adopted, but not removed as intruders, owing to an order
from 
the Indian Department directing agent to remove theml. 
These require widely differing appliances to meet their necessities with
regard to 
education. 
The half-breeds among the Cherokees, Delawares, and Shawnees, consisting
of that 
class who speak the English language vernacularly, need no other means of
education 
than those which prove effective in an ordinary community of English-speaking
people in the States. They are able to use with success the ordinary English
school- 
books, and avail themselves profitably of the services of teachers who speak
English 
only. The same is true also of the freedmen. These classes, therefore, need
only the 
continuance of the means of education hitherto used among them with such
gratifying 
success, together with such improvements as may from time to time be suggested
by 
the progress of the science and art of teaching. 
That part of all the tribes who do not speak English vernacularly are far
differently 
situated.  They labor under difficulties very great and very hard to overcome.
As 
the full-blood Cherokees form the iost numerous class, outnumbering all other
classes combined, may reniark with reference to other than the ordinary means
otf educa- 
tion will be especially directed to their necessities. The means of education
thus far 
adopted have most signally failed, so far as they are concerned. While that
part of 


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