United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873
[Central superintendency], pp. 198-201 PDF (1.9 MB)
198 REPORT OF COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. repair, and as yet have made but little improvements. It will require the expenditure of several hundred dollars to make them efficient and reasonably comfortable. Before closing this report, already more lengthy than I had intended, I wish to say that although there is much to discourage in the Indian service at this place, yet there is also much to encourage, and with sufficient means to make them comfortable, and to furnish them the necessary appliances for success in the various directions of needed improvement, I feel confidently hopefu! as to the result. Very respectfully, thy friend, ~JESSE W. GRIEST, United States Indian Agent. BARCLAY WHITE, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Omaha, Nebr. 14. LAWRENCE, KANS., October 1, 1873. RESPECTED FRIEND: In transmitting my fifth annual report on the condition of the Indians under my charge, it is gratifying to be able to state that all the tribes, as such, have remained at peace during the past year, and, with the exception of the compara- tively small number who roam upon the plains, are continuing to advance in industrial pursuits and in the education of their youth, and are making commendable progress toward a higher degree of civilization. The tribes resident in the Indian Territory and Kansas number about 75,000. Four- fifths of these are considerably advanced in the habits and comforts of their Anglo-Saxon neighbors, many of them having comfortable homes, and being members of Christian churches, with liberal provisions for the education of their children. Several of the larger tribes are subject to written laws and well-organized government, and with warrantable security in the permanency of their possessions would rapidly advance in all the avenues leading to higher moral and Christian attainments. The remaining tribes, numbering 15,000, embrace the Kiowas, Comanches, Apaches, Cheyennes, Arapahoes, Kaws, and Osages. The most of these still wear the nomadic costumes, and spend much of their time on the plains in procuring necessary supplies of food, robes and furs. None of these last-named tribes, except the Kaws and Osages, have invested funds on which to rely for support and aid in their advancement, and these two excepted tribes are beginning to turn their atteintion to industrial and set- tled pursuits. I regard the school education of the Indian children as of the highest importance in measures adopted for their improvement, and have assiduously labored to promote this, so far as means have been provided. The schools have been prosperous, and the number of children in attendance has increased, while the interest manifested by adults in the educational work has evidently also deepened. An unremitting prosecution of this branch of the service will tend to reduce the many Indian dialects, and ultimately substitute our own language. This result alone will greatly facilitate civilization. I would respectfully refer for detailed information of the tribes to the reports ot their respective agents, and will only allude to such interests as require the attention and action of the Department. KICKAPOOS. The Kickapoos number about the same as in 1868, a few having become citizens. They are industrious and self sustaining, and are well supplied with agricultural im- plements, which they use with skill and a fair productive return. Their educational interests are well provided for, and meetings for divine worship after Christian methods are held at two places on the reservation every Sabbath. That portion of the tribe which seceded years ago, and have lately resided in Mexico, are now on their way to the Indian Territory, and will be located contiguous to the Kaws, immediately west of the Arkansas River, and south of the southern boundary of Kansas. If the necessary encouragement be given to these Indians in subsistence, agricultural im- plements, and suitable care-takers, it is highly probable that their improvement will be such as to induce the removal of the Kickapoo tribe proper from their present location, and the consolidation of the two portions in the Indian Territory. Preliminary to this, legislation will be necessary to provide for the sale of their reservations in Kansas. POTTAWATOMIES. The reservation Pottawatomies are making commendable progress. Some of their leading amen have heretofo~re opposed education, but their opposition has been overcome, anld timey now have a flourishing school in which thirty-four children are provided for. They are also well provided wih agricultural implements and are self-supporting.
As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright