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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873

[Great Nemaha agency],   pp. 195-196 PDF (978.0 KB)

Page 195

who have nearly always been the aggressors, without just cause, in these
raids and inhuman massacres. In all other respects I feel well pleased to
report a 
favorable and harmonious state of affairs at the agency. 
Very respectfully, 
United States Indian Jgent. 
Superintendent Indian Affairs, Omiaha, .Nebr. 
Nohart, Nebr., Ninthmonth 1, 1873. 
RESPICTED FRIEND: I herewith submit my fifth annual report of affairs within
agency for the year ending Eightbionth 31, 1873. 
The lowas have evinced an increased disposition to work, and since the date
of my 
last report many of them have extended the area of their farms, and nearly
all of them 
have diligently attended to their crops. The weather during the past summer
has been 
very dry and anfavorable, yet their corn and other crops will compare well
with those 
of their white neighbors generally. It is said by many that throughout this
of country corn will not average more than half a crop, and yet I think it
safe to 
estimate that the corn-fields of the Indians will yield from thirty to forty
bushels to 
the acre. The amount of produce raised is shown in the accompanying statistics
The stock belonging to this tribe has been well cared for during the past
year. Hay 
and corn were plentiful through the cold weather of last winter, and spring
found thir 
oxen and horses in good order and ready for work. At present the lowas are
engaged in securing hay, and they have already harvested a much greater quantity
than during any former year. 
Perhaps no evidence of their progress is more encouraging than the almost
sal desire among them to possess and live in houses. Their carpenter is kept
at work, and several new houses, either finished or partly finished, attest
his efficiency. 
The school has been properly maintained during the school-year, and the attendance
&and progress of the pupils has been very satisfactory. The industrial
home, estab- 
lished in connection with the school for the board and industrial training
of a portion 
of its pupils, is an institution that deserves ample support and maintenance.
It has 
heretoibre labored under the disadvantage of inadequate buildings, but the
recent erec- 
tion of a frame addition, 18 by 33 feet, and a slight enlargement of the
old building, 
have remedied that evil, and now, with increased facilities for accomplishing
its pur- 
pose, its usefulness has increased proportionately. 
Since my last report the sanitary condition of the lowas has been comparatively
The Society of Friends have continued to furnish us with the means wherewith
administer to the sick, and they have also clothed the infirm and indigent.
On the 
whole, so far as the Iowas are concerned, there is much to encourage, although
evil in- 
fluences around still lead them to intemperance and its attendant evils,
which is a draw- 
back much to be regretted. 
The Sacs and Foxes of Missouri have made little if any progress during the
Drawing as they do avery large annuity in money, and having neither school
nor em- 
ploygs among them, it is not strange that they continue as idle and intemperate
ever. .They desire to remove to a new home as soonf as possible, but have
not yet ascer- 
tained where it shall be. 
A visit on the part of their chiefs and myself to the Osage tribe, and a
council with 
its chiefs, resulted in extinguishing all prospects of a purchase of territory
from them, 
and they now desire to buy a home in the Indian Territory of their kindred
tribe, the 
Sacs and Foxes of Mississippi. Unfortunately the enactment of Congress enabling
sale of their lands was made to apply only to that portion lying in the State
of Nebraska, 
and until a supplementary act including undey its provisions theimolands
in Kansas can 
be obtained, I fear there Is little prospect of either a sale or their removal.
With the sanction of the Indian Department I conducted the chiefs of this
tribe to 
Washington, D. C., shortly after they had assented to the provisions of the
law iouclh- 
lug the sale of their land, and they there formally requested that the proceeds
of one- 
half of their entire reservation should be invested for educational and other
purposes. It is hoped that this request will be complied with. 
In conclusion I will only say that in the present unsettled condition of
the Sacs 
and Foxes of Missouri, their early removal is evidently important. The urgent
sity of a supplemental act to enable the sale of their lands in Kansas demands

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