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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873

[Northern superintendency],   pp. 184-188 PDF (2.4 MB)

Page 184

houses well under way, so that we expect to occupy them this winter, and
a school- 
house nearly finished on the outside. 
The Indians seem ready and anxious to adopt thelhabits of civilization, and
are call- 
ing for stoves and cooking utensils, and seem desirous of trying to raise
wheat and 
other grains, offering to clear land and take care of the crop, if they can
be furnished 
the seed. 
The crops of corn and potatoes have exceeded those of any previous year,
and their 
houses have been rendered more comfortable, the work being done mostly by
selves, the materials only furnished by the Government. 
The time has come with the Indians here that with proper aid and encouragement,
and with judicious expenditure of money, they can be rendered self-supporting,
a large outlay to accomplish this would be true economy. 
I therefore earnestly recommend some extensive repairs on the saw and grist
which is at present in a very inefficient condition. A new dam is needed,
as the old 
one is very weak and insecure. A new mill, or the present one thoroughly
and supplied with a good turbine wheel, would give sufficient power to do
all the work 
required at this agency, at a total cost not to exceed five thousand dollars.
I would recommend the building of a good steam-tug on Red Lake, as- it is
needed in transporting hay, grain, lumber, and building-material to and from
the op- 
posite side of the lake, which is inaccessible at present, and renders it
very difficult to 
do anything for the Indians on the other side of the lake. 
The educational work has been carried on apparently with good success, with
an at- 
tendance ot from twenty to thirty pupils, who have made fair progress. We
greatly need a 
boarding-house for the pupils, .in order to secure punctual attendance; and
an appropri- 
ation for building and furnishing such a house is absolutely needed. The
cost of building and furnishing the same for the accommodation of thirty
would be twenty-five hundred dollars, and one thousand dollars would be needed,
addition to the amount pledged by the Indians from their lumber-fund, (which
is one 
thousand dollars per annum,) to pay the contingent expenses the first year.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
United State8 Special Indian Agent. 
Hon. E. P. SMITH, 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C. 
Omaha, Neb., Ninthmonth 27, 1873. 
RESPECTED FRIEND: The Indians of the Northern Superintendency have during
past year made as satisfactory progress in civilization as the circumstances
by which 
they were surrounded would permit, and the advancement of each tribe has
been rapid 
or slow, in proportion as its officers could command and control the influences
upon the tribe. 
No Indian of the superintendency has been accused of the murder of a white
and but one case of assault upon a white man during the year has officially
come to 
my knowledge. This was of a trivial nature, and occurred on the reservation,
and in 
defence of property about being stolen from the Indian by the white man.
The Santee Sioux have quietly and commendably given their attention to agricul-
tural and industrial pursuits. They are yearly becoming more self-reliant
and self- 
During the spring a contract was let for the building of a frame house for
an indus- 
trial boarding-school, planned for the accommodation of twenty scholars of
each sex, 
their teachers and care-takers. Said building is now rapidly approaching
and will be ready for pupils during the first autumn month, but as- yet no
provision is 
made for its support or the salaries of its officers. 
A matron, appointed and paid by the Society of Friends, has labored in this
during the year. Her duty has been to visit the Santee women and girls in
their hcmes, 
and instruct them in household duties, and in the fitting and making of garments.
Her services have been of value to the tribe. 
The Winnebagoes have made rapid advancement during the year. They have tilled
more gi'ound than ever before, have cultivated it skillfully and well, and
reaped a 
bountiful harvest. 
The appropriation from their invested fund, for a purpose of improvement,
has been 

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