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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1865

Oregon superintendency,   pp. 101-109 PDF (3.8 MB)

Page 101

In numbers these Indians, the Spokanes, exceed the estimate contained 
in my report of the 12th ultimo, by at least two hundred. It appeared to
me that a majority of the Upper Spokanes were struggling against many 
difficulties to get an honest living independent of the government; but so
long as the thoroughfares through their country to the mines continue to
thronged by persons who Pay no regard to the rights of the Indian, I fear
that all their efforts will be unavailing. About sixty of the COeur d'Alene
tribe may be properly considered as belongiing to this Territory; the balance
of the tribe reside east of the Coeur d'Alene mountain., in Idaho. Some of
these Indians, the Spokanes. expressed a willingness to treat with the gov-
ernment for the cession of their lands, but a majority were opposed to this
step. It affords me pleasure, however, to state that the most intelligent
industrious were in favor of a treaty, and I have no doubt that as soon as
the matter can be properly represented to them, and they be made to see 
the benefits accruing from such a course, a large majority will consent to
About Lake Pend d'Oreille but few Indians were to be seen, they having 
gone down to the salmon fisheries on the Columbia. Those we saw belonged
to the class of vagabonds who frequent the ferries and stations along the
route for the purpose of gratifying their appetite for liquor. All the stop-
ping places on this route are favorite resorts for Indians of this class,
I am fully satisfied that they can and do procure as much bad whiskey as
their limited means will allow. To the industrious I promised assistance
the shape of farming implements and seeds, but to the drunken, gambling 
vagabonds I promised nothing but chastisement in case I caught them at 
these practices, a promise which I intend religiously to fulfil. 
In collecting information, investigating complaints, and correcting abuses,
I labor under great disadvantage for the want of an interpreter. 
I am, sir, very respectfully, &e., 
In charge of Colville and Spolcane Indian.s. 
W. It. WATERMAN, Esq., 
Sup't Indian Afairs, Olympia, IV. T. 
No. 11. 
Salem, Oregon, December 10, 1864. 
SIR: I have the honor to report to you, in relation to the Klamath, Mo- 
doe, and other tribes of Indians, that, in compliance with your instructions
of June 22, last, I visited the tribes mentioned in August last, and held
preliminary conference with them upon the subject of the proposed treaty.
An account of that conference was submitted to your office with my last an-
nual report for 1864, and it is not necessary now to refer to it. 
Superintendent A. E. Wiley, of California, who was authorized to act in 
conjunction with myself as commissioner to conduct the negotiations, was
unable to attend, and I therefore (as instructed by you) appointed Agent
William Logan, of this superintendency, to act in that capacity. 
In the latter part of September I again went by the way of the Dalles and
Warm Spring agency, Agent William Logan accompanying, to Fort Klamath 
arriving there on the 9th of October, and found a large number of Indians
sembled, which number was soon increased to 1,0 1, all told, 710 of whom

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