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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1857

New Mexico superintendency,   pp. 273-305 PDF (14.0 MB)

Page 273

No. 119. 
Santa F', New Mexico, August 30, 1857. 
SIR: In submitting this my first annual report of the Indian affairs 
of this Territory, in obedience to the requirements of the department, 
it shall be my purpose, in as concise a form as possible, to lay before 
the Hon. Commissioner the actual condition of the various tribes in- 
cluded within the limits of this superintendency; to the end that a 
proper policy may be initiated, as well for the amelioration of the con-
dition of the Indians as for the better security of the lives and prop- 
erty of the citizens. The limited time allowed me since the arrival 
of.,the annuity goods, sent out this spring from the States, has been 
sufficient to enable me to visit only a few of the tribes among whom 
presents are intended to be distributed. 
The goods intended for the Utahs and Jicarilla Apaches were des-- 
patched in wagons to the agencies of Messrs. Carson and Archuleta, 
and on the morning of the 14th instant I left Santa Fe to be present 
on the occasion of distributing the goods. The Indians had been pre- 
viously notified to meet near the town of Abiquin, some fifty or sixty 
miles northwest from this city, where, on my arrival, I found assem- 
bled about twenty-five hundred, including men, women, and children. 
They were composed of the three tribes of Utabs, known as the 
Copotes, Mohuaches, and Tobawaches, with the Jicarilla Apaches. 
The Tobawaches, although belonging to this superintendency, had 
never before been present at any of the councils had with the Utahs; 
nor had they before shared in the bounties of the government to much 
extent. On the present occasion there were present about six hun- 
dred, which is supposed to be nearly two-thirds of the tribe. 
As the allowance of goods was ample, I directed the agents to allow 
the Tobawaches to share pro rata with the other tribes, which seemed 
to give satisfaction to all. 
In the council had with the principal men of these tribes on this 
occasion, I impressed upon them the importance and necessity of 
abandoning their roving and predatory life fbr the pursuit of agricul- 
ture as a means of subsistence, and, although some objection was 
raised by a part of the chiefs present to the proposed change, I feel 
quite sure that a large majority are ready to commence farming so 
soon as suitable provision is made for their permanent settlement. 
The Jicarillas have in cultivation the present year an amount of 
corn and vegetables quite sufficient to satisfy the most skeptical that 
they, at least, are ready for the change. 
Your letter of the 14th July, requiring the agents of this superin- 
tendency to report the number of Indians of each tribe under their 
charge, was received too late to secure the information required in 
time to be forwarded through this report. I believe, as yet, no at- 
tempt has been made to ascertain the number of the respective tribes. 
of Utahs belonging to this supeiintendency. 
At the meeting, a few days since, I found it impossible to form 
anything like a correct estimate of their respective numbers. Agent. 

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