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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1857

Central superintendency,   pp. 117-191 PDF (30.6 MB)

Page 117

reasonable quantity of The land divided among them in severalty as 
provided for in the treaty of 1855. A system of'manual labor schools 
should then be established, and with judicious management the 
Winnebagoes might be expected to advance in civilization with a 
rapidity corresponding with their phiysical and mental superiority. 
I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 
Indian Agent. 
W. J. CULLEN, Esq., 
Superintendent Indian Affairs, Saint Paul. 
No. 54. 
St. Louis, August 20, 1857. 
SIR: The closing of my connexion with the affairs of this office, 
and the various engagements to be fulfilled prior to my departure for 
Utah, compel me to limit this, my annual report for the past year, 
to a few subjects of special importance, referring you for the details of
the various agencies to the reports of the respective agents, which 
will in due time be forwarded. 
The Commissioner of' Indian Affairs purchased by treaty from the 
Omahas in 1854 certain lands claimed by the Poncas and Pawnees ; 
these lands are now being settled by the wbites, an(l the Indians who 
have been deprived of their traditional rights are restless and insub- 
ordinate. Policy requires that treaties should b. negotiated with 
these tribes; that the Poncas should be settled upon the reserve of 
the Omahas, who speak the same language; and the Pawnees upon 
that of the Ottoes, with whom they are on friendly terms. 
The Yanctons of the Missouri claim all that country lying between 
the Big Sioux river and a point upon the Missouri river, opposite to 
Fort Pierre. The lower portion of this country is a valley bordering 
upon the Missouri, eighty-nine miles in length, by about fi'teen 
in breadth. This valley is of unusual fertility ; and the bluff country 
lying adjacent to it on the north, though not so well supplied with 
timber, is in other respects equally valuable I would recommend 
that a treaty be negotiated with the Yanctons for the purchase of 
this Territory, and that they be established upon a limited reserve 
between James river and Dorian's bluffs. There are many retired 
traders residing near Sergeant's bluffs, married to Yancton women. 
These people have enjoyed all the benefits of the treaty of 15th July, 
1830, and are now in possession of lands secured to them between the 
two INehemas. Some of them will endeavor to participate in the 
advantages arising from the sale, by the Yanctons, of the lands above 
referred to; in the event, however, of a negotiation with the Yanctons, 
it will be well to remember that these half-breeds have been already 
well provided for. 

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