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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1856
([1856])

[California],   pp. 236-260 PDF (10.6 MB)


Page 236

INWIAlks oFr~ 
friendly Indians that he was camped on West mountain, und had 
fortified himself at that point; but has since left, and moved his camp 
to the Navajo country. 
Very respectfully, your obedienf servant, 
GEORGE W. ARMSTRONG, 
Indian Agent. 
His Excellency BRIGHAM YOUNG, 
Governor, and ex-ojcio Superintendent of Indian Affairs. 
No. 100. 
OFFICE SUPERINTENDENT INDIANr AFFAIRS, 
San Francisco, Cal., September 4, 1856. 
SIR: In obedience to the requisition of the department, I have the 
honor to submit the following as my annual report of the affairs of 
the California superintendency: 
At the date of my assuming the duties of superintendent of Indian 
affairs for this State, the system of colonizing and subsisting Indians 
upon reservations selected for that purpose, and instructing them in 
the arts of agricultural labor, &c., had been commenced, and a reser-
vation selected at the Tejon Pass, in the northern part of the State. 
This reservation is in a prosperois condition. The number of In- 
dians who reside here is T00. The quantity of land in cultivation 
this year is about seven hundred'acres ; five hundred of which are 
in wheat and barley, and the remainder in corn and vegetables  most 
of the latter being the exclusive property of the Indians, cultivated 
entirely by them, and in their own way. The Indians work cheer- 
fully, and perform all the labor upon the farm, white raen being only 
employed as overseers and mechanics. Owing to the extraordinary 
drought of the past season, in that portion of the State, the produ4ct 
of the farm is much less than it should have been ; enough, however, 
has been produced for the consumption of the place. 
There are on the reserve eight adobe buildings-the first of which 
is one hundred feet in length by twenty-four feet in breadth, two 
stories high; it is used as a granary and storehouse. The second is 
the residence of the agent, and is sixty feet in length by twenty feet 
in breadth. The remainder are resideqces of the Indian chiefs, and 
are about frty feet in length by tWenty feet in breadth. All the 
labor of building these houses was performed by Indians, except the 
mechanical part of it. The mill is in complete order, and by it all 
the grain produced upon the place is manufactured into unbolted flour 
before it is issued to the Indians. The property used in conducting 
the farm is twenty-six houses, thirty-eight mules, seven oxen, eight 
wagons, and fourteen ploughs. 
Fr-esno and King's riverfarms.-Owing to the difficulty of procur- 
ing a suitable location for a reservation in the central portion of the 
State, no permanent selection has yet been made; but, in order to 
pr6vide for the Indians according to the intentions of the government, 


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