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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855
([1855])

[Michigan Indians],   pp. 27-39 PDF (5.1 MB)


Page 27

COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
Thomas asylum for orphan and destitute Indian children, to be 
located on the Cattaraugus reservation, and granting the requisite 
privileges for that purpose. Also making an appropriation of twc 
thotisand dollars towards the erection of suitable buildings, with an 
additional five hundred dollars a year, for two years, for the purpose 
of helping to sustain said asylum. 
The buildings for the Thomas asylum are already commenced and 
in rapid progress of erection, and it is confidently believed will be 
completed by the month of January next. 
The Oneidas, at Oneida Castle, are in all respects prospering. 
They sustain good schools, and the present year received an appro- 
priation from the State of five hundred dollars for school purposes. 
The Onondagas, at Onondaga Castle, sustain but one school, which 
is sustained by the Methodist mission; also, one church. 
The Tuscaroras are thrifty and comfortable farmers; sustain good 
schools and one church, and are industrious and enterprising. 
With much respect, I remain your obedient servant, 
MARCUS H. JOHNSON, 
Indian Agent. 
Hon. GEo. W. MANYPENNY, 
Commissioner of Indian A~fiairs, Washington. 
No. 2. 
OFFICE MICHIGAN INDIAN AGENCY, 
Detroit, October 10, 1855. 
Sin: The official transactions of this agency during the present 
year possess more than usual interest and importance. I have just 
completed the first annuity payment to the Chippewas of Lake Supe- 
rior, under the treaty of September 30, 1854, and'have taken the 
initiatory steps to carry out several of the more important stipulations
of that treaty intended for their benefit. This is the first time for 
several years that all of these Indians have participated in the distri-
bution of the annuities provided by former existing treaties; and I 
am now, for the first time, able to communicate to you any reliable 
information relative to their numbers, location, condition, and pros- 
pects for improvement. 
. My Lake Superior pay-roll for the present year embraces 1,552 
families and 4,940 individuals. They may properly be divided into 
1. The Interior Indians. 
2. The Lake Indians. 
3. The Mixed Bloods. 
The first class reside in the interior, several days' travel from the 
lake shore, and are those for whom the reservations about Lac Court 
Oreille and Lac de Flambeau are set apart by the treaty of 1854. 
27 


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