University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
History of Science and Technology

Page View

Perrault, Claude, 1613-1688 / Memoir's for a natural history of animals : containing the anatomical descriptions of several creatures dissected by the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris

The anatomical description of eight ostriches,   pp. 217-238 ff.

Page 231

                of eight    STR     I C   H  E S. l31
on into the Dtihfis, there was a Dilatation about the bignefs of a great
beard, which did not appear becauf& it was again covered over by the
chyv.rza of the Liver.
  TThe VMna Porta was double, having two feparate Truncks, and each their
particular roots.  Ihe fi -it, which was the bigger, was fattened to the
Lobe, at the place where the Gall-Bladder commonly is in Birds. The ft_
cond (the lcr) came out from the bottom of the left Lobe.The Pena Cava
was joynI  along the great Diaphragme, right by the fide of the Aorta.
  The lPaecrc is wvas ten inches long, and an inch broad: It was placed be-
tween the irli folud ,w hich the Inteflines do make in forme of a long Sinuofity
as in moft other Birds. It was of a true flefh-Colour. The Glands where-
of it was compofed were wholly Separated from each other, and joyned on-
ly by Membranes. The Duchts Pancreatictis was knitt to the upper part of
the Iejmnum. It proceeded from the middle of the Pancreas, where the two
branches joyned, which it flot forth into each half of the Pancreas, one
wards the top and the other towards the bottom. It is remarkable that in
the Generalitie of Birds,the Dulfus Pancreatici are inferted near the Cholidof~l;
but in our 0jlkiches the insertion of the Pcncreaticus was above three foot
ltant from that of the Hepaticus.
  The Spleen was fafined to the Ventricle by a firong Membrane, which
conducted and held the Splenatick Veffels. It was Cylindrical, being two
inches and a half long, and Eight Lines Diameter; yet it was a little fmaller
at the bottom than at the top. Its Parenchyrma was Solid, and like to that
of the Kidneys of PQadrupedes.
  The Kidneys comprehended eight inches in length, and two in breadth.
In moft of our Sub jeas they were different from the Kidneys of other Birds,
not being cut into feveral Lobes, but having a continuity very equal. Their
whole Subtlance, which was quaggy, appear'd moreover very unequal, as
being compoted of a great quantity of Glands. They had a very fine Memn-
brane, that immediatly covered them, which was again covered over with
another lironger and thicker, -fpplying the ufe of the Membrana Adip ofa.
IThe colour of thefe Glands was of a very brisk dark Red. In fome of our
Subjefts we found the Kidneys were cut in three as ufually, the upper and
lower part being larger than that of the middle. The Vreter was not, as in
ther Birds,lay 'd upon the Kidneys from top to bottom,but it was included
their Subitance,where it was a little larger than outwardlyas it were to
a Pelvis, which was about the length of the Kidney. In this Pelvis there
fIen feveral holes, which were the Mouths of the Branches or Channels
which the Pelvis fends into the whole Subliance of the Kidney. There was
not any appearance of Papilly.
  The Blins which compofed the ASpera Arteria, were intire, but a little
compreiled, which gave them an Oval Figure. The Larynx confifted of one
Cricoides, and one Aryt~enoides. The Cricoides refembled that of a Man, and
the Aryenoides was made of two flat and large Cartilages, articulated with
the Cricoides by the means of their Mufeles. Between them they left an A-
perture of fix Lines, which made the Glottis. Thefe two Cartilages were
covered over with one Mufcle, which plainly ferv'd to clofe the Mouth of
the Glottis, by drawing them together.

Go up to Top of Page