Perrault, Claude, 1613-1688 / Memoir's for a natural history of animals : containing the anatomical descriptions of several creatures dissected by the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris
The anatomical description of six porcupines and two hedge-hogs, pp. 147-154 ff.
fourth Ventricle joynecl to three Pouches, which did represent three others: but this Inteffine was contra'aed to make the Yejunxu, which was very fhort, and tihe Ileun yet more. The Cacumr was very large: It was feven inches long and two broad towards the Ileum, terminating in a point, and mnaking in its whole length the Figure of a Sythe. It had three Ligaments correfpondent to its length, which did contra& it, and make Cells as in the Colon of Man. The Ligament that was in the bending which this Inteffine made, was very large; 'cwas a part of the Mefentery, but wvas faftened to the Intefline only by one fide; the reft was loofe. The Colon had likewife Iome Cells, which were not fo well feen as thofe of the Cacium, although there were two Ligaments to form them. This Inteffine was ibait: It was forty inches long; it was folded in two, and the two parts were ifrongly fafined to cach other throughout their whole length. The Liver was fuilendcd and hung upon the Diaplragme, by a very large and Memrbranlouls Ligament, which proceeded from the Cartilago Xiphoides, and vertically dcfLcndiul g was infcrted from the Fiffure of the Liver to the middle of its gibbous part. It had feven Lobes, four great ones, two on each fide of the Fidbre, and three finall ones, one of which was in the middle of the F iffurc, tEalned byi a Membrane to the Vena Cava; the third was under- neath, between the Four great ones. The two great Lobes of the left filde were joyne l to; -thieU at their extremity by a very ifrong Membrane. The G.Jl-b3a1dder wasfmall, flat, and almoft empty. The Pancreas was very large being three inches and a half long, and fix lines broad at the widefl place. The Spleen was ditrcfrpt in our Subjeas. There was one in which we found two Spleens. The31argeft, which was five inches long and ten lines broad, was fafrned to the left fide of the Ventricle, by the rami Splenici which do inake the Vas breve: it was alfo fafrled to the Epipicon. The other Spleen which was three inches in length and eight lines in breadth, was fix- ed to the Ventyiclewitliout the appearance of any Veffels which did unite it. it was likewift joyned to the Epipbcon by the uppe.-r end, and to the Ileua by tle lower end. In the other Subjclts, where it wa& fingle as is ufual, it was ievens inches long and ten lines broad. It was immediately fixed by its up- per end to the upper part of the Ventricie, and by its hollow part to the left fide of the Ventricle, by the means of the radi Splenici, which 1hot forth three branches into the Ventricle, and as many into the Spleen. The Ramificati- ons wh'llIich went to the Ventricle were three inches long: thole of the Spleen wei re only one. In one of our Subjetls the Spleen, befides the Ligaments of of the Jeas Breve, and of the Membranes by which it was held to the Ven- tricle and E piploon, had alfo a Ligament which did hang it to the Diap!9ragr)ze. In all our Subjec s the Spleen was of a very dark red, cfpecially in its hollow -.art which regards the Ventricle, where it was alnoft black. The Kic ;cyes were double on each fide, having a Syccenturiatms a third part as big as thilt trile Kidney. The true Kidney was two inches in length and 'one in brea:th. It was very fblid, not having any Cavity tor the Pelvis. It hiad only oni the outfide a Cavity or depre-flion in its anteriour part. The Plirezcbim:a (a the icc tllriatls was very dirferent from that of the true Kid- - 11ev, be1inlg noose lhft ; it was likewife cotnpofed of two difrent Subflances VIZ. 150 IVAnatomicd Defcri idn
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