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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

Rope - rypticks,   pp. 1031-1038 PDF (7.5 MB)

Page 1033

the Aircuricbed CYlindern as A  X t!   A
UI REVOLUTION. in Allronomy. See REVOLU-
OTATI0N0. See DIURNAL Rotation and EARTH.
N, in Anatomy, the Adion of the Mtfui Rota-
Motion they give to the Parts they are fix'd to. See
two Mufcles, the great and the little ol6a, to
Rotation of the Eye.-The OLatrator Internas and
i& the Rotation of the Thighs. See EYE, &c.
)R, in Anatomy, a Name given the obliqueMufcles
calld alfo CirCtwares and Ameatorii. See OBLI0,U1
'R-Befl:, a Word ufed in the old Statutes, and fill
er Parts of England, for horned Beafts, as Oxen,
, Heifers, &c.
Rotber-Soil, in Hereferdjbire, is taken for the Dung or
Cattle. See MANURE.
MNaik, are fuch as have a very full Head, and are ufed
Rudder Irons in Ships. See NAIL.
DO, ROTUNDO, in Architeture, a popular Term for
that is round both within and withour-fide; whether
:h, a Salon. a Veflible, or the like. See BUILDING,
celebrated Rotondo of Antiquity is the Pantheon at
ited to Cyjele, and all the Gods, by Agrippa, Son-
guflus; but fince confecrated by Pope Bomface IV.
and all the Saints, under the Title of Sta. Maria
Ad   ,,^V'- . ts -CIC-1r"  WiI.Al Ids wIe Durying-riace or
the Kings of Spain, is alfo a Rtond*; and in Imitation of that at
Rome, is alfo call'd Pantheon. See ESCURIAL.
ROTULA, in Anatomy. See PATELLA.
ROTULUS, a Roll. See ROLL.
ROTULUS contrarientium.-The Earl of Lanca/7er taking Part
with the Barons againift King Edward II. it was not thought fir,
in refpeet of their Power, to call them Rebels or Traytors, but
QnIo Contrarients: Accordingly, we have a Record of thoie Times
6Wld Ratulks-Contrariextigm.
ROTULUS Wintonie, an exact Survey of all England by
Counties, Hundreds, and Titbings; made by King Alfred; not
e that of Domes-Day. See DoMES-DAY.
It was thus call'd becaufe antiently kept at WmcheJier, among
other Records of the Kingdom.
ROTUNDUS, in Anatomy, a Name given to feveral Muf-
des, from the rounduefs of their Body. See MUSCLE.
Such are the Rotundus Major, call'd alfo Teres Major; and the
Resundts Minor, call'd alfo Teres Minor, and Tranfverfialis ; which
fee under their proper Articles.
ROUGE-Croj', q. d. Red Crofs,      See' POURSUIVANTS.
ROUGE-Dragen, q. d. RedDrazgon, iee
ROUGH, ROUGHNESS, in Mechanicks. See FRICTION and
ROUL, or ROLL, in the military Term.-Officers of equal
Quality, who mount the fame Guards, and take Their turns in
relievin one another, are faid to Rout. See GUARD, &C.
RO6LADE, in Mufick, a trilling or quavering. See QUA-
ROUND, in Anatomy. See ROTUNDUS.
ROUND, in Mutick.-.The .aians call b roux4 what we call b
t, and thie Frepch b Mo  and b Spare, what we call b Ibxp.
See FLAT and SHARP, &c._
M, is alto a military Term, fignifying a Walk or Turn
n Officer, attended with fome Soldiers, takes in a Garri-
frtified Places around the Ramparts. in the Night-time;
if any thing be firring without the Works, and to fie
Centries are Watchful, and do their Duty, and all things
rid Gr~risonn the. Root    __Cre nssv -,c_ _   1*
-,uarrcy Ur an "PUT.,
Ccntries are to Chal-
ns as hte Roank ph,
*, the Calls
nfwer is, '  1t u
Iof te Guard, who
thre? And when it
ord advances and de-
rith  i*. Sword point.
Pie8 of Statues.
I&Rowti OCa1bin on
Se Saii O4 S    iD
tr the NighyWatVE
d befo, ea
4.At                ^ !
33)                              OU
ARO=ND-Hed. See WHIG and TORY.
A ROUND, in the Academies, is a circular Pifte or Tread.
To ROUND a Herfe, is a general Term, for all forts of Ma-
nages upon a Roa*nE-Hence, to round a Horfe upon a Trot
Gallop, &c. is to make him carry his Shoulders and Hauncdhes
roundly or compa~tly, upon a larger or fomaller Circle, without
traverfing or bearing to a Side.
ROUNDELAY, or ROUN{DO, a kind of antient Poetn, thug.
calld, according to Menage, from its form; cand becautfe it flia
turns back again to the firit Verfe, and thus goes round.
Thecommon Roundelayconfiftsof thirteenVerfes, eightwhere-
of are fin one Rhime, and five in another.-Tis divided into
Couplets; at the end of the fecond and third whereof, the be-
ginning of the Roandelay is repeated i if poffible, in an equivocal
or punning Senfie.
The Roundelay is a popular Poem among the Fre;h, but little
known among us.-Marot and Voiture have Succeeded the bedt
in it.
Rapis obferves, that if the Rondelay be not very exquifite,
'tis ftark nought.-In all the antient Roundelayr:, Meage obiervee,
the Verfe preceding has a finifh'd Senfe; ana yet joins agreeably
with that of the Clofe; without depending neceflarily thereon.
This Rule well obferv'd makes the Rounlay more ingenious;
and is one of the Fineffes of the Poem.
The Word is form'd from Round and Lay, See LAY.-The
French call it Roxdeau. The Spaniards Glofies.
ROUNDNESS, ROTUNDITY, in Phyficks.         See SPHzE
ROUNDO, or ROUNDELAY, in Mulick, a kind of Burthen
or Ritornello3 where the beginning of each Couplet is repeated
at the end thereof. See RITORNELLO.
ROUPIA, or ROUPIAS, or RUPEE, a Coin very current in
the Territories of the Great Mogul, and feveral other Parts of the
Ea   Indies. See COIN.
Rompias are ftruck both of Gold and Silver; and both the
one and the other have their Diminutions i as Half-Roopias,
fuarter^.Rou iar, Sac.
The Gold Roupia is worth I s. 6 d. Sterl. The value of the
Silver Roupta is various, according to its Quality, and the Place
where 'tis coin'd. A general Obfervation is, that the Roupias are
always Current for morejat the Place where they are ftruck, than
elfe-where; and the new Reupias for more than the old ones.-
The reafon of this laft difference is, that the ndioas being very
fond of Silver, to fave it, ute, as foon as they have got a few
Roupias together, to hide them under Ground.  To prevent
which Inconvenience, tending. to drain the State of Current Mo-
nies, the Princes and Rajas firike new Rompias every Year, fll
augmenting the Value thereof without any augmentation of the
Belides this difference of new and old Rompiar, the Indiats make
three other Claffes.-Thc firft call'd Roupias Siceas, which at Bex-
gal are worth 2s.II d. Sterl.-The fecond, Roupias of Surat, worth
2 i. 6 d. Sterl.-The third Roupias of Madderas, worth 2 s. 5 d.
Sterl. All which is to be underftood of the new Roupias.
As to the old ones, thofe of Madderas are only Current at I s.
Iild Sterl. Thofe of Surat at as. and the Sieas at 2 s. 4 d.
Yet at other Places, the Order and Prices vary: At Surat, thofe
ftruck there have the firft Place; the Siceat the fecond; and thofe
of Madderas the third. Along the Coaft of Coroeandel, the Ma-
deras have the firft Place, and the Siceas the fecond, &c.
ROUSE up a Hart, among Hunters. See HUNTING.
To ROUSE, among Falconers, is when a Hawk lifts up and
Ihakes himfelf. See HAWK and HAWKING.
To ROUSE a Hawfer, or Cable, in the Sea Phrafe, fignifies to
hale in Part of the Hawfier or Cable, which lies flack in the
Water. See CABLEs &e.
ROUT, a publick Road, Highway, or Courfe ; especially
that which military Forces takes See ROAD.
San/on and Ogilby have made Maps of the Raets and PO&t-
Roads of France and England: Soldiers are prohibited going out
of their kokts.4-Routs are froquently cut in-PArks, Forefts. &c.
both for Ornament and the Convenioncies-of Hunt     'E See
Some ufe Rout for a Path cut a-crofs a Wood; in oppoition
to Way, which is a great Road. See WAY.
RoUT, in Navigation. See COURSE.
ROUT is alfoX Ied fbr the Defeat and Flight of an Army.' See-
The Sejeants endeavour to tally the Soldiers in a Reas. See
The Word is'fbrni' from the Lain, rupta,. or ruta; or the
FAezd~, reux, an old Word for Horfei or rather from the old
Cuti   ot Road; huratively uld to fignify Exarnple.--
wage h  a lamed D0rution oir the Woi.
AReu'r, in Law, is. an Affmbly or Combination of three, or
more Perinbs, goig forcibly to cormIt an unlawful A&; hW
>     glt~ rI~e,~o  moveforward, X after their m* !
Id; dog tbputh        eir Purpo  ie      inf
hey doC 'is aRv. See RIOT .                      A   -'

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