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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning
(1728)

R - Rectification,   pp. 951-966 PDF (18.2 MB)


Page 967


it tEt
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RE C
is alfo ufed when two Planets exchange Exata-
)N of the Efuinoxet. See PRECESSION.
TS   erii, Recef of the Emwpire, a Phrafe ufed in
he Affirs of Germany; fignifying a Colleaion of
)eterminations of a Dyct. SeeDYET.
of each Dyer, e're it breaks up, they gather toge-
kefolutions, and reduce them into Writing; the&
is them  they call Receffus Imide, becaue made
Point of retiring.
g. now. no Articles of Succours for the War a-
i~idft the Turks, which ufed to make the greateft Part of the
; .Aks lmperii; they are at a lofs fOr Matter to fill them with-
411 as well as for the Manner of drawing them up. Mozam-
The Diforders in the Imperial Camber of Spir& were Co gteatr
ihat in i654,, they made feveral Regulations therein; inferred in
ilhe Receffs lmperii. Id. See CHAMBER.
RECiABmrES, a Kind of Religious Order among the an-
tient rsw, inftituted by 7/nathan the Son of Rechab; compife-
bending his Family and Pofterity.
Their Founder prescribed them three things; Fir,#, Not to
Wink any Wine. Secondy, Not to build any Houies, but to
dwl under Tents, Thirdly, Not to (ow any Corn. or Plant a.
..n Vines.
The Rechabites obferv'd thefe Rules with a great deal of ftri6t-
< i-, as appears from 7/eremy xxxv. 6, &c.
tie Whence, St. .7erom in his xiii Epiftle to Paulinst, calls them
10foachi, Monks.
This Yonathan lived under %ojias King of 7vdah; his Father
i.chab, from whom his Poflerity were denominated, descended
Whom Raguel or ethro, Father-in-law to Mofes, who was a Cine-
a, or of the Race of Ci; whence Cinean and Rechabite, are u-
as fynonimous in Scripture.
REC;HANGE, or RE-EXCHANGE, in Commetrce, a fecond
ayment of the Price of Exchange; or rather the Price of a New
Exchange, due upon a Bill of Excahnge that comes to be pro-
ite ted; wadn to be refunded the Bearer, by the Drawer, or En.
,dorier. bee EXCHANGE.
The Occalion of Recbange is, when the Bearer of a Bill of
EXvhange, after prorefting it for want either of Acceptance, or
Of Paya-wnt, borrows Money on his own Promife, Bond, or
the like; or draws a Bill of Exchange in the Place where the
Payment was to be made, on the PerCon who furnifhfed the firfi;
which he pays a fecond Exchange, which being added to the
Dt already paid, the Drawer of the firft BRll makes two Ex-
oganes, properly call'd Exchange and Re-exchange.  See BILL
g ROTEST.
ThV Bearer of a protefted Bill has a right to recover both the
e and the other on the Drawer. Yet the fimple Proteftation
gthe Bearer makes in the Ad&: of Proteft, that he will take up a
1ike Sum at Re-exchange, for want of his Bill being accepted or
bid; is not fufficient to entitle him to demand the Reimburfe-
ment of his Rechange; unlefs he make it appear he has adually
Atwen up Money in the Place whereon the Bill was drawn.
Otherwife. the Rechange will only amount to the Reftitution
bf the firftExchange, with Intereft, the Expences of Protefting,
ad of the Journey, if there have been any.
If a Bill of Exchange, payable to the Bearer, or Order;
i be proteftel - the iRechange is only due upon the
for the Place where the Remittance was made; not
Places where it may have been negotiated; at leaft,
ver has a Right to be refunded his Rechange for thofe
y the Endorfer.
the Rechange is due from the Drawer upon all Places
Power of Negotiating is given by the Bill, and upon all
the Power of Negotiating be Indefinite.
The Intereft of the Recbange, of the Expences of the
and the Journey, are only due from the Day of the
ppofed to be the Gibensw driven out of Italy by the Fa-
the Gxelphs, and fhelter'd at Amjlerdm, who firft ela-
he Cuftom of Rechange, on pretence of the Interefts,
, and Expences they underwent, when the Bills given
the Effe6ts they had been obliged to abandon, were not
but came to be protefted. See BILL of Exchange.
LNGE is alfo ufed at Sea for fuch Tackle as is kept in
aboard the Ship, to ferve in Cafe of failure of that al-
Ule. See TACKLE.
evantinas ufi the Word Refper, or Refpit in the fame
Senfe.-
RECHARGE, of a Fire-Arm, is a Second loading or Charge.
See CHARGE.
The Recharge Chould never be fo deep as the firft Charge, leaft
the Piece being over-heated fhould burft.
RECHA9eING, in Hunti       the driving back of the Deer,
or other Beafts, into the Fore'l, Chaces, &c. which had ftrag-
bd Out into the Copfes, or Thickets, &c.    See FOREST,
&c.
Antiently there were Offices of Rechacer of the Deer, be-
ftOWCd by the King on Gentlemen, or old Hunters, with Sala-
for the keeping of running Dogs, to rechace the Deer into
the Forefts, and then to beat them dIf, without purfuing any
farther. See PURLIEU.
RECH4EAT, in Hunting. a Leffon which the Hunrfmani
winds on the Horn, when the Hounds have loft their Game,
to call them back from purfuing a Counter-fcent.
RECIPE, in Medicities a Prefcription, or Formu/a of a Reme-
dy, appointed to be adminiftred to a Patient. See PRESCRIP'-
TION.
7Tis thus cal'd, becaufe always beginning with the Word Re-
cipo, Take; ordinarily exprels'd by RE.
RECIPIANGLE, or RECIPIENT-ANGLE, a Mathematical
Inifrument, ferving to take the Quantity of Angles, efpecially
in the making of Plans of Fortifications.
The Recpiangle is a popular Inirument among the French, but
little known among us: 'Tis ufually very fimple; in Form of a
Square, or rather a Bevel; confiding of two Arms or Branches,
riveted together, and yet moveable, like a Sc~tor on the Centre
or Rivet.
To take an Angle with it, they lay the Centre of the Protra-
&or to the Joint, and the Degrees cut by the Edge fhew the
Quantity of the Angle: Otherwife the Angle made by the two
Rulers is drawn on Paper, and then meafured with a Pro-
tra&tor.
Sometimes there is a Circle divided into Degrees, added over
the Centre or Rivet, with an Index to fhew the Degrees withy
out a Protraator: At other times the under Branch is divided.
To meafure a Saliant Angle with any of the Recipiangles, apply
the Infides to the Lines that form the Angle; for a re-entering
Angle, apply the ourfides, &c.
RECIPIENT, RECEIVER, in Chymiftry, an Appendage of
an Alembic, Retort, &c. being a VeITeI lured to the beak there-
of, to receive the Liquor rais'd in Difillation, &c. See ALEM-
BIC, RETORT, DISTILLATION, &c.
RECIPIENT is alfo Part of rh: Apparatus of an Air Pump;
being a Giafs Veifel placed a-top of the Plate, for the Air to be
exhaufted from. See AIR-PUMP.
To an Air-Pump belong various Rrcipientr, of various Forms
and Sizes, and ferving for various Purpoles. See VACUUM.
RECIPROCAL, fomething that is Mutual, or which is re-
turn'd equally on both Sides, or affedts both Parties alike.  See
MUTUAL.
Thus, we fay, the end of Human Society is to aflbrd each
other reciprocal Aid.-There are reciprocal Duties between the
Prince and his Subjects, the Husband and Wife, e c.
The Lex Taboxis eftabliflies a kind of Reciprocation of Juflice.
There is a Reciprocal Adion between the Agent and Patient,
See REACTION.
If two fimilar Triangles be cut by Parallel Lines, the Sedtions
of the Lines will be Proportional; and Reciprocail , if the Sides
be cut Proportionably, the Sides are fimilar. See TRIANGLE.
RECIPROCAL, in Logick, is applied to Terms which have the
fame Signification, or are convertible; as Reafonable Anmal, and
Man. See CONVERTIBLE and TERM.
The Schoolmen define Reciprocation, a Converfion of the Se-
veral Terms in an Enunciation. And Terms are faid to be con-
verted in an Enunciation, when the Predicate is put in the Place
of the Subje&, and recsprocally, the Subject in that of the Pre-
dicate.
Thus Rationality and Rifibility are faid to reciproaae; for we
fay, equal a Rational is Rifible; and a Rifible is Rational.
RECIPROCAL, in Grammar, is applied to certain Verbs
and Pronouns, in Come of the Modern Languages; in regard of
their turning or refledting the Noun, or Perfon upon himfelf.
Thus the Pronoun-relative himfeo f refers Cato to Cato's felf.
See PRONOUN.
The Abbe deDangeam, defines Reciprocal Verbs to be thofe whofe
Nominative is Plural, and denotes Perfons adling mutually on
one another: As, Ce;rquatre bommes s' entrebattoient i Thefe four
Men fought together.  Pierre & toi sous vous louez; Peter and
you Praife one another, &C.
Reciprocal Verbs are a Species of thofe which that Author calls
Provmhnk, and which he diftinguilhes into Reciprocal and Identi-
cal. See VERB.
RECIPROCAL, in Poetry, is applied to Verfes which run the
fame both backwards and forwards; call'd alfo Recurrents. Set
RECURRENTS.
RECIPROCAL Figures, in Geometry, are fuch as have the An-
tecedents and Confequents of the fame Ratio in both Figures;
as Tab. Geometry Fig. 22. Here,
A   B     C: D, Or,
I2: 4:: 9      3
That is, as much longer as the Side A, in the firif Re6tangle,
is than B; fo much deeper is the Side C in the fecond Redtan-
gle, than the Side' D in the firft: and confequently, the length
of one is compenfated by the Depth of the other.
Alfo as the Side A is longer than the Side C, Co the Side B
is ~longer than D: Wherefore the Re6tangles mutt needs be
equal. See RECTANGLE.
This is the Foundation of that Catholick Theorem ; that the
Redangle, of the Extremes mult always be equal to that of the
Means: And confequently, the Reafon of the Rule of Three,
or Golden Rule. See RULE.
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