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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

Arboreus - Artery,   pp. *125-144 PDF (18.4 MB)


Page 342


- (   :  .  )rk
("   )An'
AROMATIC, AsossTIcus, is under1loo      of a Drug,
Plant, or the like, which yields a brisk, agreeable Sme1ll
and a warm, fpicy Tafe.
Such are Fakenfe, Storax, Benjoin, Cinnamon, Mace,
Cloves, Nutmeg Pepper, &c.-Such alfo are Lavender, Mar-
joram, Sage, Thyme, Rofemary, &c. See SPICE, &C.
The Word is orm'd of the Greek YPu of apw, to make
fit, aeomodate in regard Spices, which are all Aromatic,
are ufed for the feafoning and preparing of Meats.
ARoMATICXS, or Aromatic Medicines, are either fimple
or compound.-To this Clafs belong moff Cardiac, Cephalic,
and Carminative Remedies, with many flomachic ones.
See CARDIAC, CARMINATIVE, CEtrIALIC, STOMACHIc,
Sec.
The Aromaticunm Rofaturm, is a compound officinal Pow-
der, made of Red Rofes, Liquorice, Aloes Wood, Yellow
Sanders, Cinnamon, Cloves, Mace, Gum, Tragacanth,
Nurmegs, Cardamums, Galangals, Spikenard, Amber-
greafe and Mufk mix'd together.-It is chiefly prefcribed in
Cordial and Cephalic Boles and Elettuaries, to flrengthen
the Stomach and Head, which all Aromaticks have a Ten-
dency to.
Some Writers give the Title Aroma Germanicum to Ele-
campane, as preferring it, in that Intention, to'Ginger itfelf.
See ELECAMPANE, &C.
Aromaticks are of particular Service in cold cachefic Ha-
bits, where the Load of Humours has been forced away by
firong Detergents and Catharticks; as they tend to flrength-
en the Fibres, and prevent a Rela fe.-Hence they become
of abfolute Ufe after Purging, ans carrying off the Waters
of a Dropfy; or in the Intervals thereo, to fortify the
Springs, and prevent a filling again. See DaoPsy.
ARONDE, in Fortification. See QUEUE d'Aronde.
ARPAGUS, in antient Infcriptions, fignifies a Child who
died in the Cradle.
The Romans made no Funerals for their Arpagi.-They
neither burnt their Bodies, nor made Tombs, Monuments,
or Epitaphs for them; which occafioned 7uvenal to fay,
-E'erra clauditur Infans
Vel minor igne rogi.
In after-times it became the Cuflom to burn fuch as had
lived to the Age of 40 Days, and had cut any Teeth; and
thefe they called Rapti.  i                       .
The    ord -rpagus fignifies the fame thing in Greek.
Euftathius affures us, it was the Cuflom among the Greeks
never to bury their Children either by Night or full Day,
but at the firf: Appearance of the Morning, which they cal-
led, 'Hates c praes'.
ARQUEBUSS, or HARQUEBUSs, a large Hand-gun,
fomething bigger than bur Mufquet; and called by fome
a Caliever. See HARQUEBUSS.
ARQuynuss a Croc, is a fort of fmall Fort-Arm, which
-carries a Ball of about three half Ounces; now only ufed
in old Caflile, and fome Garifons of the French.
The Word is deriv'd from the Italian Arcoburzo, or Arco-
abufo, form'd of Arco, a Bow, and Bit6o, a Hole; becaufe
of the Touch-Hole of an Arquebufs, which fucceeds to the
MUfefof the Bow among the Antients.
ARRAIGN, or ARRAIN, in Law, fignifies to fet a
Thing in Order, or in its Place. See ARRANGEMENT.
Thus, he is faid to Arraign a Writ of Novel Diffeifin,
who prepares and fits it for Trial before the Jufilices of the
Circuit. In this Senfe Littleton fays, the Leffhe arraignetb
an Affize of Novel Diifeifin.-To arraign the Affize, is to
caufe the Tenant to be called to make the Plaint, and to fet
the Caufe in fuch Order, as the Tenant may be forced to
anfwer thereto.
A Prifoner is alfo faid to be arraigned, when he is indic-
ted and brought-forth to his Trial. See INDICTMENT.-
Spelman is of Opinion the Word Should be written Ar-
rame, from Arramare, and that from the old French Arra-
mnir, i. e. s7rare, promittere, Solemniter prodfteri. Yet in
the Regiffer we find no fuch Word as Arramare; but in all
the Writs of Affize, the Year-Books, Wic. it is Arrai4avit:
TIhe more natural Derivation is from the French Arraifon-
ner, i. e. ad rationem ponere, to call a Man to anfwer in
Form, of Lawc; which comes from the barbarous Latin
AdMrationare, i. e. placitare- In which Senfe, to arraign a
Criminal, Vis Wonere eum ad rationem.
ARRAIGNMENT, or ARRANGEMENT, in Law, the
AA of Arrignig or fetting a Thing in Order. See Ar.-
RAIGNING.-
ARRAIATI.      Peditum, the arraying of root Soldiers.
See ARRAYING.t
ARRAS-HANGINGs, a fort of rich Tapefry, made at
Arras in theCount of Artois in Flanders. See TAPESTRY.
.XARRA1GEM          NT, r RANGEMENT, the Difpofition
of the Parts of a Whole in attanO~rdr  See PART and
PzIrM1Txo.M
, The
,Moent C
Dived
ments
and thi
of thei
The
greate
AR
Inquef
qUv$T
The
French
V emy, to -4rray a Wraunel, Ann. 3 lien. V.- t~c. a.. to let
forth the Men em panelled one by another. The Arr
1hall be qualhed, it. By the Statute, every rte   in Affize
ought to be made four Days befire.-Henc alo, to chal-
lenge the 4rray; fee CHALLENGE.
ARRAYERS, Arraiatores, is ufeU in Come antient Sta-
tutes, for fuch Officers as had care of the Soldiers Armour,
and faw them duly accoutred in their Kinds. See ARMOUR,
ACCOUTREMENTS, F,.-C.
Such were the Commi/Jovers of Array, appointed by
King Charles 1. in the Year i64.
ARREARS, or ARREARAGES, lthe Remains of an Ac-
count; or a Sum of Money remaining in the Hands of an
Accomptant. See AccouNT and ACcOMPTANT.
The Word is alfo ufed more generally for a Remainder
of Rents) or Monies unpaid at the due Time; -whether
they l~e Rents of a Manor, or any other Thing referved.
T'he Word is derived from the French Arrerages, which
is formed from arriere, and that again from retro, behind.
ARREST, in common Law, an Execution of the Com-
mand of fome Court, or Officer of Jufilice.-Hence, when a
Perfon is legally flopp'd, apprehended, and refirained of
his Liberty, for Debt, &c. he is faid to be arrefted, or put
under an Arreoff; which is the beginning of Imprifonment.
See ATTACHMENT, IMPRISONMENT, and HAUTELODE.
To move or plead in Arreft of Stugment, is to fhew
Caufe why Judgment lhould be f*ay'd, tho' there be a Ver-
di&l in the Caule. See JUDGMENT and VERDrcT..
To plead in Arreft of taking the Inqueft, is to lhew Caure
wh y an Inquef: lhould fnot be taken. See INQVEST.
The Word    rreft, is originally French, and is ufed by
them for S a Decree, or Determination of a Caude debated
to and  o: In which Senfe it feems deriv'd from the Greek
aipr2v, placitum, the Pleafure of the Court. See Aarsrr.
ARRkENTATION, ARRENDARE, in the Foreft Law,
the Licenfing an Owner of, Lands in the Fore, to enclofe
them with a-low Hedge and fmall Ditch, in confideration of
a yearly Rent. See FOREST, PURaLIU, &C.
Saving the Arrentations, denotes a Power referved to
give fuch Licenfes for a yearly Rent.
ARRESTANDIS D onis we di.Xipentur, a Writ which
lies for him whofe Cattle or Goods are taken by another,
who, during the Controverfy, makes, or is like to make
them away, and will hardly be able to give Satisfaaion for
them afterwards.
ARRESTANDO ipfum, qui pecuniam recepit adprofi-
cifcendum in Obfequium Regis, &c. is a Writ which lies for
the Apprehenfion of him that hath taken Preft-Money for-
the King SWars, and hides him felf when he Ihould go. See
PREST-Money.
ARRESTO falo       per bonis Mercatorum Aienigono-
rum, &c. is a Writ which lies for a Denizen againfi the
Goods of Strangers of another Country found within this
Kingdom, in Recompence of Goods taken from him in that
Country,. after he hath been denied Refcitution there. See
MARY.
This among the antient Civiliani, was called Clarigatia,
now barbaroufly Reprifalia. See CLA.RIG&TIO and REPx1-
SAL.
ARRETED, ARRECTATUS, is fametimes ufed in our
antient Law-Books, for imputed, or laid to. as, No Folly
may be arreted to one under Age.
ARRHABONARII, a Se 4-in Religion, who held. that
the Euchariff is neither the real Flfh and Blood of Chrill,
nor yet the Sign of them, but only the Pledge or Earneft
,thereof.                                   t     ;
The Word is derived from the Greek 'Appacwn, A'0
Earneff.
.ARRHA, ARiHis, or Argentum Dei. See EARNEsT,
&C.
ARRUEPHORIA, a Feaft among the Ateas, in
flituted in Honour of Minerva.-Boys, or, as fime ay,
Girls, between 7 and ia' Years dAge, were the Mjiifrs
that affified at this Feaff. See FEAsT.
The Word is derived firn the Greek UA  0*41f   whielI
is compofedof d     ,Myflery, aV       I carry-This
Feafi was alib called I*ephoria, firm Ifre h  Daugh-
ter of Cocrops, on whsf account it was *f talifhld
ARTRI~
AR-v


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