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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

Ventiducts - visible,   pp. 293-313 PDF (20.9 MB)

Page 293

They alfo fay, to. #ppoint a Curator for the R'elly, with
regard to poilhumous Children yet in the Mother's Womb.
See PosTrtumo1,s.
Wit regard to Princes, the Venter or Belly has been
fometimes crown',d, in form.
IVENTER, or Bel~y of a Mufcle, is the flefhy or body Part
thereof; 5as contradiffinguilh'd from the two Tendons, its
Extremes; one whereof is call'd the Head, and the other
the  ail of the Mufcle. See MUSCLE.
VENTER Draconis, 7Dragon's Belly, in Afironomy, the
middle of a Planet's Orbit; or that Part molf remote from
the Nodes, i. e. fromt the Dragon's-Head and T'ail; being
the Part which has the greateft Latitude. See ORBIT, and
The Moon has five Degrees of Latitude, when in the
Dragon's Belly, and is go Degrees diflant from the Nodes.
Of thefe two Points, in each Orbit, that towards the
South is alfo call'd the Southern Limit, and that towards
the North, the Northern Limit. See LIMITS.
VENTER Equinus, or Horfe's Belly, among Chymifis, is
a Dunghil, wherein are enclofed certain Velels for particu-
lar Operations to be perform'd by means of the gentle heat
thereof. See FIRE, and HEAT.
VENTER, in our Cuffoms, is ufed for a Partition of the
Effeeffs of a Father and Mother, among Children born, or
accruing from different Marriages.
This Partition is fo order'd, as that a fingle Child of one
Marriage, or Venter, takes as much as feveral of another
Marriage, or Vezterr: In order to which, the Eflate is di-
vided into fo many Parts as there have been Venters, or
VENTER is alfo ufed for the Children whereof a Woman
is deliver'd at one pregnancy.
Thus, two Twins are faid to be of the fame Venter.-
Many People take for a Fable what is related of the Coun-
tefs of Holland, viz. that [he had 365 Children at one Ven-
ter, all living, and baptized : and yet the Story is very
gravely related by abundance of Authors ; and the Font or
Bafon is fill fhewn in the Church where they were baptiz'd;
with a kind of Monument of the Faft, thereon. See FOETUS.
VENTIDUCTS, in Building, call'd by the Italians Ven-
tidotti, and by the French cPrifons des Vents, or vPalais
d'Eole; are Spiracles, or fubterraneous Places, where frefh,
cool Winds being kept, are made to communicate, by means
of Du6s, Funnels, or Vaults, with the Chambers or other
Apartments of a Houfe; to cool them in fultry Weather.
Thefe are much in ufe in Italy, &c. See BUILDING,
VENTRE Inypiciendo, a Writ for the fearch of a Woman
that fays The is with Child, and thereby holds Land from
him that is otherwife next Heir at Law.
' VENTRICLE, q. d. Little Belly, in Anatomy, a Di-
tninutive of Venter; fignifying a Cavity fmaller t an what
we exprefs by a Venter; or rather, fignifying a Divifion of
a Venter; or fome fmaller Cavity, contain'd in a larger. See
There are two Cavities in the Heart, adjoining to the
Auricles ; and four in the Brain; call'd Ventricles; which
fee explain'd under the Articles HEART, and BR AIN.
7fhe right Ventricle of the Heart, in relaxing, admits
the Blood by the right Auricle from the Cava; and contrac-
ting, drives it out into the pulmonary Arteries : The left,
receiving the Blood by the left Auricle, from the Lungs,
drives it out into the Aorta.  See CAVA, AORTA, and
VENTRICLE, or VENTRICULUS, by way of Eminence thus
call'd, is the fame thing with the Stomach. See STOMACH.
For the Jaion of the Ventricle in Vomiting, fee VOMIT-
triloquous, and Engaflrimvytus, a Term applied to Perfons
who form their Speech by drawing the Air into the Lungs;
fo that the Voice proceeds out of the Thorax ; and, to a
By-flander, feems to come from a diflance. See ENGAS-
Such a Perfon we had lately in London, a Smith by Pro-
feffion, who had the Faculty in fuch Perfeclion, that he'd
make his Voice appear, now, as if it came out of the Cel-
lar, and the next Minute, as if in an upper Room; and no
body prefent perceive that he fpoke at all: Accordingly, he
has frequently call'd a Perfon firff up, then down Stairs;
then out of doors, then this way, then that, without firring
from his Seat, or appearing to fpeak at all.
- Rolandus, in his Aglo/jfomographia, mentions, that if
the Mediaflinum, which is naturally a fingle Membrane,
be divided into two Parts, the Speech will feem to come
out of the Breafi; fo that the By-flanders will fancy the
Perfon polfefs'd. See ENGASTRIMANDER.
The Word is a Compound of Venter, and loquor, I fpeak.
VENTURINE, in Natural lifiory. See ADVENTURINE.
VENVTuRINI, or ADVENTURINE, is likewjfb 'Utd fibr
finefi and flendereft Gold Wire, ufed by Embroideres  wcl
See Gold~ WIRE.
When reduced into Pouder, as fine as it can 1e clip'd or
filed, this Pouder may be flrew'd on the firft Layer of pure
Varnilh, made ufe of in Japanning, after the Varnilh is dry,
in order to lay any Colour over it. See JAPANNING.
VENUE, or VENEW, in Law, a neighbouring or near
Place.-Locus quHem vicini-habitant.
Thus, we fay, Twelve of the Affize ought to be of thW
fame Venew where the Demand is made. See=AsSIzE..
A-4nd alfo return in every fiuch Pannel upon the Ve-
nire Facias, fix furJiient Hundreders, at the leaf+ , f there
be fo many within the, Hundred where the Venire lies. Stat
25. Hen. VIII. See VISNE.
VENUS, in Affronomny, one of the inferior Planets; de-
noted by the Charaaer 2. See PLANET.
Venus is eafily diftinguifh'd by her brightnefs, which ex-
ceeds that of all the other Planets, and which is fo conifide-
rable, that in a very dark Place The projeas a fenfible Sha-
dow. Her Place is between the Earth and Mercury.
She conflantly attends the Sun, and never departs from
him above 47 Degrees: When-he goes before the Sun, that
is, rifes before him, [he is call'd Phofphorus, or lucifer,
or the Morning Star; and when The follows him, that is,
fets after him, Hefperus, or Vefper. See PHOsPHORUs; VES
PER, eC.
The Semidiameter of Venus, is to that of the Earth, as
IO to 19; her Diflance from tie Sun is  - of .the Earth's
diflance from the Sun: her Excentricity i ; the Inclination
of her Orbit 30 23'. See INCLIN-AtION,-ExcENTRiciTY,Ec5C.
Her periodical Courfe round the Sun, is-perform'd in 2n4.
Days 17 Hours; and her; Motion round her.own Axis, in
23 Hours. See PERIOD, and REVOLUTION.
Her greatef Diflance from the Earth, according to Caf-
frni, is 38000 Semidiameters of the Earth I  and her fmali-
efi 6o0o. See DISTANCE.
Her Parallax is 3 Minutes. See PARA LLAX.
Venus, when view'd thro' a Telefcope, is rarely feen to
lhine with a full Face, but has Phafes juf like thofe of the
Moon; being now gibbous, now horned, T&c. and her illu-
min'd Part confantly turn'd towards the Sun, i. e. it looks
towards the Eaft when Phofphotus, and towards the Wefi
when Refperus. See PHASES.
!De la Hire, in 1700, thro' a Telefcope of x6 Feet, difco-
ver'd Mountains in Venus; which he found to be larger than
thofe in the Moon. See MOON.
And CafJni 'and Campani, in the Years 1665 and i666,
difcover'd Spots in her Face : from the Appearances of
which, he afcertain'd her Motion round her Axis. See SPOTS.
Sometimes fhe is feen in the Difk of the Sun, in form of
a dark, round Spot. See TRANSIT.
In i672, and i686, CaGffini, with a Telefcope of 34 Feet,
thought he faw a Satellite moving round this Planet, and
diflant from it about T. of Venus's Diameter. It had the
fame Phafes as Venus, but without any well defin'd Form;
and its Diameter fcarce exceeded a. of that of Venus.
Dr. Gregory thinks it more than probable that this was a
Satellite; and fuppofes the Reafon why it is not ufually feen,
to be the unfitness of its Surface to refleAt the Rays of the
Sun's Light; as is the Cafe of the Spots in the Moon : of
which, ifthe whole Difk of the Moon were compos'd, he
thinks, that the Planet could not be feen as far as to Venus.
The Phxnomena of Venus, evidently fhew the Falfity
of the Ptolemaic Syflem: For that Syflem fuppofes, that
Venus's Orb, or Heaven, enclofes the Earth; pafing be-
tween the Sun and Mercury. And yet all our Obfervations
agree, that Venus is Sometimes on this fide the Sun, and
fometimes on that; nor did ever any body fee the Earth be-
tween Venus and the Sun: which yet muff frequently hap-
pen, if Venus revolved round the Earth in a Heaven below
the Sun. See SYSTEM, EARTH, &C.
VENUS, in Chymifiry, is ufed for the Metal Copper. See
Its Charafler is 2 ; which, fay the Adepti, expreffes it
to be Gold, only join'd with fome corrofive and arfenical
Menflruum; which removed, Copper would be Gold. See
Venus is universally allow'd, by the Chymifis, Wc. to be
one of the mofl powerful Medicines in Nature: Of this, is
faid to have been compos'd the famous Butler's Stone, which
cured mofl Difeafes by only licking it.-Of this is corn-
pos'd that noble Remedy of Van Helmont, viz. the Sulphur
of Vitriol, or Ens Vitrioli, fix'd by Calcination, and Coho-
bation.- Of the Ens Vitrioli of Venus, is likewife corn-
pofed Mr. .oyle's Arcanum, the Colcothar Vitrioli. See Vi-
'Tis certain, Copper is a moff excellent Emetic, and a
noble Antidote againf Poifons; for it is no fooner taken
than it exerts its force: whereas ohlir Vowitories lie a
I EN '
# 4t

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