University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
History of Science and Technology

Page View

Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

Hendecagon - hoof,   pp. 238-249 PDF (18.3 MB)

Page 238

[ z38 I
Cloth, Cordage, or the like,    See  SPINNiNG, COR-
HENDECAGON, in Geometry, a Figure which has
eleven Sides, and as many Angles. See FIGURE and
In Fortifcation, it is taken for a Place defended by
eleven Baflions. See BASTIoN.
The Word is Greek, ivyborc, compounded of iVJt,,
eleven, and diedz Angle.
HENDECASYLLABUS, in the Greek and              Latin
Poetry, a Verfe of eleven Syllables. See VERSE.
Sapphic, and PhdleuC Verfes, are Iendecafyllables, or
Henleca'1labic, E. gr.
Sap. yam fatns terris nivis argue dire, &c.
Phal. f Paler mortuus eft men Pueilke, &c.
The Word is Greek, compounded of IyJto, Eleven,
and ovAmtog4iw, whence the Word Syllable is borrow'd.
HENOTICUM, in Church Hillory, a famous Edict of
the Emperor Zeno, in the V th Century, intended to
reconcile, and reunite the ERuychians with the Catholicks.
It was procured of the Emperor, by Means of Acacius
Patriarch of Confitntinople, with the Affiflance of the Friends
of Peter Mogus.
The Sting of this Edi&jcs4 here, that it does not admit
the Council of ChAucedon,, like the other three, but rather
feems to charge it with Errors. -  It is in Form  of a
Letter, addrefs'd by Zeno to the Bilhops, Priefis, Monks,
and People of ,gytt and Lybia. It was oppofed by the
Catholicks, and condemn'd in Form by Pope Felix III.
The Word is Greek, ivondv, q. d. tunitive, reconcilia-
tive; of iv~w, I unite.
HEPAR, in Anatomy, the Liver. See LIVER.
HEPAR Uterinum, the fame with Placenta.          See
HEPATIC, in Medicine and Anatomy, Something that
relates to the Liver i which the Greeks call sar Hepar.
HEPATIC Fl/ex.   See FLuxus Iepaticus.
HEPATIC   Vein,   is that   dtherwife  call'd Baflica.
HEPATIC Dutf7, is a Veffel more ufually call'd Porus
Yiilarius. See PoRus Bilarius.
HEPATI-Cyftic DuSts. See Cys'-Repatic Du&l.
HEPATI c Aloes, is that otherwife call'd Alloes Succo-
trina. See ALOES.
HEPATIC Plexus, See PLExus Hepaticus.
HEPATITES, Liver Stone, in Natural Hiflory, a Sort
of Stone, thus denominated from its Liver-Colour. See
HEPATITIS, in Medicine, an Inflammation of the
Liver, with an Abfcefs or Impofihume thereof. See IN-
The Hepatitis bears a near Refemblance to the Pleui-
rih'; i only that its Symptoms are lefs intenfe. See PLEUR ISY.
It ufually either kills the Patient, or difcuffes, or fuppu-
rates gradually, or degenerates into a Schirrus.
HEPATOSCOPIA, the Art of divining, or difcover-
ing future, or hidden Things, by infpecting the Entrails
o  Beauls. See DIVINATION.
The Word is compounded of the Greek 47,a10, the
Genitive of wrta, Liver, and arom'Nc, I confider;  the
Liver being a Part principally regarded.
The Romans call'd it Exntifpicina. See EXTISPEX.
HEPTACHORD, in the antient Poetry. - Heptachord
Verfes, were thofe fung or play'd on feven Cherds; that
is, in feven different Notes, or Tones; and probably on an
Infirument with feven Strings.
The Word is compounded of frrvX feptem, and
Chord, String.
HEPTAGON, in Geometry, a Figure confifling of
feven Sides and feven Angles. See FIGURE.
If the Sides be all equal, it is call'd a Regular Hep-
tagon. See REGULAR.
In Fortification, a Place firengthen'd with feven Baftions
for its Defence, is call'd a Heptagon. See BASTION.
The Word is compounded of inra, feptem, feven, and
rVics, Angle.
HEPTAGONAL Numbers, 'are a Sort of Polygonal
Numbers; wherein the Difference of the Terms of the
corresponding arithmetical Progrellion is five.  See Po-
LY6ONAL Number.
One Property, among others, of thefe Numbers, is, that
if they be multiplied by 40, and 9 added to the Produft
the Sum is a fquare Number. See NUMBER.
HEPTAMERIS, ErTAMER is, literally fignifies a feventh
Part; being form'd of the Greek, Am')5 feven, and {zes;,
fPart or Portion.
E  Ri
Ht x
The Word is uled by M. Sauveur, in his Prlpciples of
Acoufticks, for the feventh Part of a Meris i and in his
Syftem, for the 43 d Part of the OWave. See OcTAvE.
HEPTAMERON, a Term          literally implying feven
fDays; being compounded of fng' feven, and Big, Day.
It is chiefly ufed as a Title of certain Books, con-
taining the Tranfaffions of feven Days.
The Ileptameron of MargAred de Vralois, Sifler to
Francis 1. of France, and Queen of Navarre, is a very
ingenious Piece, in the Manner of B occace's Decameron.
HEPTARCHY, a Government compofed of fever Per-
fons: Or a Country govern'd by feven Perfons, or divided
into feven Kingdoms. See GOVERNMENT.
The Saxon Heptarchy, included all the Southern Part
of England, which was canton'd out into feven petty
Kingdoms. It fubbfied from the Year 428, to the Year
82.5, when King Egbert re-united them into 'one; and
made the Heptarchy into a Monarchy. See MONARCHY.
The Word is compounded of the Greek, it fcne and
Ap'9, Imperium, Command, Rule.
HEPTATEUCH, in Matters of Literature,' a Volume
confiding of feven Books: Or a- Work in feven Books.
The Term is chiefly applied to the firfi feven Books of the
Old Teflament, viz. Genefis, Exodus, Ieviticus, Numbers,
Deuteronomy, .7oftua, and 7udges; that i, the five Books
of Mofes called the 'Pentateuch; and the two following ones,
which are ufually joyn'd therewith. See PENTATEUCH.
The Word is compofed of iTrv4, feven, and 7w"XPu,
I do, I work; whence nvuX@, a Work, took, and
i    or747%vX-, Heprateuch, a Work of feven Parts; or feven
different Works joyn'd in one Volume.
HEPHTHEMIMERES, in the Greek and Latin Poetry,
a Sort of Verfe confifling of three Feet, and a Syllable;
that is, of feven half Feet. See VERSE, FOOT, &c.
Such are mofi of the Verfes in 4nacreoa.
G3eA. | Aeytiv | Axs|Jg
G6Ae, v  oJAi-yu"' AAir   |  ,&
And that of 4driJophanes in his PIutus:
SE MsC NT      XI-#e
They are alfo call'd 2rimetri Catalefici.
Coefura, after the third Foot, that is, in the feventh half
Foot. See CisSuRA.
'Tis a Rule, that this Syllable, tho' it be fhort in it
felf, mull be made long, on Account of the C~efura, or
to make it an Heph hemimeres:      As in that Verfe
of Virgil.
Et furiis agitatus 40or, F-5 confcia Virtus.
It may be added, that the Caefra is not to be on the
fifth Foot, as it is in the Verfe which Dr. Harris gives
us for an Example,
Ille latus niveurn mo/li fultus Hyacintho.
This is not a Hepthemimeres Cefura, but a Hennea-
mimeres, i. e. of nine half Feet.
The Word is Greek, 'Eap    tt,#A; compofed of 'Ear=i4
Seven, puoV4s, half, and fur, Parts.
HERACLEONITES, antient Hereticks, of the Party
of the Gnofticks; thus called from their Leader, Heracleon.
S. Epiphanius, Hxr. 36. is very ample on this Herefy.
He represents Heracleon as one who had reform'd the
Theology of the Guofticks in many Points; tho', at Bot-
tom, he had retain'd the principal Articles thereof.  He
refined on the ordinary Interpretations of Abundance of
Texts of Scripture- and even alter'd the Words of fome
to make them confdo with his own Notions.
For Example, he maintain'd, that by thofe Words of
St. John, al/ tihings s'ere made by him,, is not to be
underflood the Univerfe, and all that is good therein: The
Univerfe, which he calls Aon, was not made by the Word,
but was made before him. And to fupport this Conf1ruaion,
he added to thofe Words of St. John 'without him nothing
{was made, thofe other Words of ;?hings in the World.
He diffinguifhed two Kinds of Worlds; the one Di-
vine, the other Corruptible;, and refrained the Word
d'v'a, all Things, to this lail.  He held that the Word
did not create the World immediately, and of himfelf, but
only gave Occafion to the fDemiurgos to do it.
the Heracleonites, after the Example of their Mailer,
annull'd all the antient Prophecies; holding, that St. Cohn
was really the Voice that proclaimed and pointed out the
Meffiah, but that the Prophecies were only empty Sounds, and
fignifled nothing. -They held themfelves fupeio in- Point
of Knowledge Kto the Apoflies; and- on -that foigdared
to advance the mofi extravagant Paradoxes, on Pretnce of

Go up to Top of Page