University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
History of Science and Technology

Page View

Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning
(1728)

Domain - dysuria,   pp. 239-258 PDF (19.2 MB)


Page 239


.LA. C.iirt. aJfureß. tt
conferr'd the Title, was.
g outed, and driven out
ofthe VlIltl Century,:
4 antimade hini King.
1ime the Title of IDom,
ty,   out the King's
ce among fome Orders
'difins, &c. The Re-
dexis, fDom Bnaltha-
11s, with an s, ii fpeak-
du Ruble, and Yacques
us 5 of which it is an
n divers Authors of the
us, it was a Title firfi
Bilhops,. Abbots, and
gnity, or. were eminent
it was ufurp'd by the
DJominus out of Humi-
affuuming that of!Dom-
ior Dominus. Indeed,
s appears very ancient,
, Wife of the Emperor
4edals, JVLIA DOM-
Habitation, or Poffief-
t thy Converfion, but
omanium, wrote in the
call'd D1)om, fignifies
lcree.
look of Hereford ends
y Dome, and by my
Roof5 or a Work of a
dle of a Building, as
air-Cafe, Uc. byWay
and CROWNING.
as  and we frequently Cupola's: The Latins, according to
'itrzuvi*us, Tholu. See CUPOLA.
I r ,__-   1 1I-  I_--  _ __-   I  1__  I  _ _  T  _  fl __-
ulualuy maue rounu; Tnoo we nave inutances VT
as thofc of the Louvre: and others, that are
s that in the Jefuites Church in the Rue St. An-
aris. They have ufually Columns rang'd around
des, both by Way of Ornament, and to fupport
DOME is that whofe Sweep, orContour, is lefs
aiiphere.
d is form'd from the Latin Doma, which among
s Vignified a Roof, or Open Porch; as is obfervy'
'Tis frequent in the corrupt Latin Authors,
ved it from the Greeks, among whom Yrullus,
, is a common Name for any round Building, fuch
;e of Conflantinople, wherein was held the Coun-
call'd in Trullo. See TRULLUS.
n Chymifiry, the arched Cover of a Reverberatory
See RILVERBERATORY.
)-ana or DOOMS-Day-B'ook, denominated Li-
arius, ve? Cenfualis Anglie, i. e. the Judicial Book,
the Survey of England, is a moi ancient Record
teTime of !illiam  the Conqueror; upon aSurvey,
on of the feveral Counties, Hundreds, Tithings, t5c.
s form'd from 2)om, Doom, Judgment, Sentence;
which has the fame Force: So that Dome-ßDzv
e  than a Reduplicative, founding,  dgmeut
eIs, or Defign of the Book, is to be a Regifier,
Sentence may be given in the Tenures of E ares;
which that noted Queftion, whether Lands be
nefne, or not, is filifdecided.  Its Contents are
) in the following Verfes.
deberetfifcoI que,' quanta T'ributa,
'e quid Cenfus, qua VeUigalia, quantum
we tenereturfeodaliftovere 7ure.
1nt Lxexpti, vea quos B.4garia damnat,
vnt vei Gebe Serti, vel Conditionis,
NammiiffS Patro n7o 5re ligarncw.
.k is *ill remaining in the Exchequer, fair and
infifting of two Volumes, a Greater, and a Lefs;
r comprehending all the Counties of England, ex-
ntmberland, Cumberland, Wefimoreland, Dur-
Part of Lancaire;  which were never furvey'd;
pt Effiex, Swufok, and Norfolk, which are Pie-
thRe Leer Volumn,  which concludes with the
dnno Millefimo OC/ogefimo Sexto ab Incarna-
DOMi
tioxi v  n, .ig Ve vero Regis Wilbetmi,    Ia e    hi
Defcotie gno     f won m  per hos tres Comitatus, fed
alios.
It is, caft'd Liber 5udicialis, by rearon a juf, and ac-
curate Defcripion of dthe whole Kingdom is contain'd there-
in; with the Yalue of the feveral Inheritances, wc,
It was begun by five Juilices, affign'd for the Purpofe iiA
each County, in the Year o8 x. and finilh'd in 1086. Camb-
den calls it, Guilielmi Librum Cenfiualem, King William's
Tax-Book.
Our Anceffors had many Dome-Biooks. We are told by
.ngulphus, that King Alfred made a like Regifler, with
that of Wiliavi  the Conqueror.  It was begun upon that
Prince's dividing his Kingdom into Counties Hundreds, Ti-
things, Uc. when an Inquifition being taken of the feveral
Difirids, it was digefled into a Repifter, call'd Domboc, q. d.
the Judgment-Boo&, and repofited in the Church of Win-
chefter; whence it is alfo call'd the Winchefter Book; and
Magna Rolla Wintrn. And upon the Model of this Dom-
boc it is, that the fDoom-Z5ay of the Conqueror was
form'd.
That of King Alfred referr'd to the Time of King Ethel--
red.
And that of the Conqueror, to the Time of Eduard the
Confiefor: The Entries being thus made, C. tenet Rex
Guilielamus in Doxivico, W  valet, &c. ibi ducate, &c.
T. R. E. valebat; q. d. It was worth fo much Ternore
Regis Eduardi, in the Time of King Eduard.
There is a third 1Jom-Boc, or !Domes-Day-Book in 40.
differing from the other in Folio, rather in Form, than Mat-
ter,  It was made by order of the fame Conqueror; and
feems to be the more ancient of the two.
A fourth Book there is in the Exchequer, call'd Dornes3-Day;
which, tho' a very large Volume, is only an Abridgment of the
other two. It has Abundance ofPidures, and gilt Letters at the
Beginning, which refer to the Time of Eduard the Confeffor,
DOMESTIC, a Term of foinewhat more extent than that
of Servant 7 The latter only fignifying fuch as ferve for
Wages, as Footmen, Lacqueys, Porters, &5c. Whereas Do-
meftic comprehends all who adt under a Man, compofe his
Family, and live with him, or are flppofed to live with him.
Such are Secretaries, Chaplains, Wc.
Sometimes, Zomeftic goes further, being applied to the
Wife and Children.
DoMESTIc, !Domefticos, AoI51&oll, in Antiquity, was a
particular Officer in the Court of the Emperors of Conflanti-
nople.
Fabrot in his GlotTary on rheophilax Simocatta, defines
{Domeflic, in the general, to be any Perfon intruded with
the Managcment of Affairs of Importance; a Councellour ciI-
jus fidei graviores alicujus l'erre, W Sollicitudinis com-
mittuntur.
Others hold, that the Greeks call'd fDomeftici thofe who
at Rome were call'd Comites; particularly, that they began
to ufe the Name Dornefticus, when that of Count was be-
come a Name of Dignity, and ceas'd to be the Name of
an Officer in the Prince's Family. See COUNT.
fDomeelici, therefore, were fuch as were in the Serviee of
the Prince5 and affiffed him in the AdminifIration of Affairs,
both thofe of his Family, thofe of Juffice, and of the
Church.
The Grand fDoreflic, or Megadomejicus, call'd alfo by
Way of Eminence the DomeJiicus, ferved at the Emperor s
Table, in Quality of what we Occidentals call fDapffer,
Others fay, he was rather what we call Majordomo.
The fDomefticus Menfe did the Office of Grand Senefhal,
or Steward.
The Doemefticus Rei Domenfice ached as Mailer of the
Houfhold.
Domefticus Scholarum, or Legionum, had the Command
of the referved Forces, call'd Schole Palatine, whofe Office
was to execute the immediate Orders of the Empire.  See
SCHOL A.
'2omejficus AMurorum, had the Superintendance of all the
Fortifications.
2Domeflicus Regionum, that is, of the Eaf and Weil, had
the Care of public Affairs, much like our Attorney or Sol-
licitor General.
fDomefticas Icanatorum, or of the Military Cohorts.
There were 'divers other Officers of the Army, who bore
the Name Domeflicus; which fignified no more than Com-
mander, or Colonel.' Thus, the Dornewfic of the Legion,
call'd Optimrates, was the, Commander thereof. See LEGION.,
flionfcs Statorurn.
>  Tkmefticus Chori, or Chantor, whereof there were two in
the Church of Conaintinople; the one on the right Side of
he Church, and th other on the left. They were alfo calld
SProopfalptes, Xpffffa-  fDor. Macri diffingniJiq three
Kinds of Z)of eftii in the Church.  Domeft  o the Pe-
triarrha Clerg,   The    Loretic of te Imerial Clergy,
that is, the Matter of the Emprei1ls Chapfl: And the fDo-
mefticus fDepinicus, or of the Emprefs. '1here was another
Order
- =
, Ad    ' C 'a '5 ' eS>lSg r WE us M WC g1Ef
I
I
P
i
N
i
i
I
I
I
E
I
H
i
j
E
I
I
I
4
II
H
I
I
N
i
Ii
i
A
I
i
i
i
i
i
i
oi
A.
r 'h9- .1


Go up to Top of Page