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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook 1990
Year 1990, Volume 2 (1990)

White, Doss H., Jr.; Grisafe, David A.
Kansas,   pp. [206]-214 ff. PDF (1.2 MB)

Page 210

210  KANSAS—199Illinois and mixed salt with sand for highway ice
North American Salt sold its second mine in Hutchinson, the Carey Salt operation,
to Hutchinson Salt Co., Hutchinson. The mine, owned by the Carey family until
1969, was sold to the Hutchinson Salt Co. on August 1.6 
Cargill Inc. announced plans for a $3.9 million expansion of its salt mine
near Hutchinson. The expansion would increase salt production by 40,000 short
tons per year and create seven new jobs. The company requested a 5-year tax
reduction from Hutchinson City Commission, amounting to a $256,000 tax abatement.7
Plans by the Santa Fe Railroad to abandon two lines through Lyons met with
opposition from mining firms and Farmers Union Cooperatives. A salt company
representative testified at a hearing that abandonment would mean the North
American Salt Mine southeast of Lyons would be less competitive because of
increased shipping rates. The Farmers Union Cooperative testified that shipping
costs would increase $500,000.8 
Hutchinson Underground Vault and Storage Inc. leased about 20 acres of mined-out
space in Hutchinson Salt Co. ' s mine. When the mine was on the market in
the first half of the year, the storage company officials were considering
the purchase of the mine. The mine was later sold to the Hutchinson Salt
Co. , and the storage company continued to lease storage space.9 
Sand and GniveL —Construction.— Construction sand and
production is surveyed by the U.S. Bureau of Mines for even-numbered years
only: data for odd-numbered years are based on annual company estimates.
This chapter contains actual data for 1988 and 1990 and estimates for 1989.
The mining and sales of sand and gravel accounted for 7 % of the Kansas mineral
value in 1990. The production was 103,000 short tons above the tonnage reported
by industry in 1988, indicating a slight increase in construction activity.
Value, however, fell $ 1 .2 million below that reported by industry in 1988.
Kansas construction sand and gravel statistics are compiled by geographical
districts as depicted on the State map. Table 2 presents end-use data for
this commodity in the six Kansas districts. 
The Kansas sand and gravel industry consisted of 104 companies operating
256 mines in 61 counties. The five leading counties, Finney, Johnson, Reno,
Sedgwick, and Shawnee, accounted for 45 % of the 1990 tonnage. Stationary
processing plants were used at 76 mines, portable plants were operated at
37 sites, and 26 mines marketed their sand without processing. End uses were
unreported for 2.6 million tons. End uses reported included road base and
cover (28 %), concrete aggregate (27 %), asphaltic concrete (15 %), fill
(12 %), and plaster and gunite (2%). 
Industrial.—Production of industrial sand was reported by three
~ mines in Republic and Wyandotte 
~ Counties. Output * and value decreased 
~ below the 1989 levels. The average price 
~ per short ton was $1 1 .37; in 1989 it was 
~ $ 1 1 .70. The producers reported sales for 
~ fiberglass production (78 %), sand blast applications (10%), and for traction
. (9%). 
Stone.—Stone production is surveyed by the U.S. Bureau of Mines
odd-numbered years only: data for evennumbered years are based on annual
company estimates. This chapter contains actual data for 1987 and 1989 and
estimates for 1990. 
Crushed.—The output of crushed stone, based on three quarters of
data and a fourth-quarter U.S. Bureau of Mines estimate, was 20. 8 million
short tons valued at $79.2 million. This was an increase of 5 million tons
over the 1989 reported production. Value increased approximately $22 million.
Stone sales accounted for 23 % of the State's mineral value in 1990, and
nationally Kansas ranked 23d in crushed stone output. 
In 1989, the most recent year with a full-year industry canvass, the crushed
stone industry reported the operation of 
135 quarries in 43 counties. Limestone, sandstone, and quartzite were the
stone types quarried. Limestone comprised more than 95 % of the total. 
In 1989, limestone production was reported by 45 firms operating 132 quarries
in 42 of the State's 105 counties. The five leading counties, in terms of
decreasing tonnage produced, were (1) Johnson, (2) Wyandotte, (3) Franklin,
(4) Wilson, and (5) Lincoln. End uses reported by the limestone producers
were for cement manufacture (25 %), graded road base (19 %), and concrete
aggregate (15 %). Other major uses included bituminous aggregate, unpaved
road surface, and fill material. 
Sandstone and quartzite were quarried by three companies operating four quarries
in Lincoln, Graham, Phillips, and Neosho Counties during 1989. Quartzite
(a silicified chalk) was produced by one firm from a quarry in Smith County
and sold for landscaping applications. Sandstone sales were for cement manufacture
and unspecified uses. 
The National Stone Association selected Killough Inc. , Ottawa, to receive
the 1990 Good Neighbor Award for outstanding achievement in community relations.
Dimension.—The Kansas dimension stone industry, 8 companies operating
14 quarries in 8 counties, produced both limestone and sandstone; output
and value decreased significantly below those reported in 1989. 
 Sulfur (Recoven~(O.—Two firms, Texaco Refining Marketing Inc.
, El
Dorado in Butler County, and Farmland Industries Inc. , Coffeyville in Montgomery
County, recovered sulfur as a byproduct of petroleum refining. Recovery and
sales exceeded the 1989 level reported by the two companies. 
 Other Industrial Minem1~. —Several industrial minerals, not included
in the tonnage and value on table 1 , were shipped into the State and manufactured
into higher value products. Perlite was expanded by one firm at a plant in

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