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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Area reports: domestic 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 2 (1978-1979)

Arndt, Robert H.
Missouri,   pp. 299-314 PDF (1.9 MB)


Page 311

 
 1977 1978 1979 
Use (o~s~ Value Value  Value Value ~ Value sands)  ton tons) sands)  ton
 tons) sands) 
Value 
ton 
Concrete aggregate —  6,514 $13,263 $2.04 8,451 $16,314 $1.93 6,949
$15,304Plaster and gunite sands NA NA  NA 50 120 2.40 18 52Concrete products_
—  904 2,113 2.34 617 1,492 2.42 225 467Asphaltic concrete —
 1,618 3,312 2.05 1,941 3,809 1.96 2,051 4,265Roadbase and coverings 2,479
4,006 1.62 2,014 3,327 1.65 1,392 2,353Fill 1,402 1,586 1.13 1,433 1,813
1.27 726 1,078Snow and ice control  NA NA  NA 72 144 1.99 108 238Railroadballast__
W W  W -- —- —— —- -—Other
uses 81 154 1.90
119 262 2.20 231 445 
Total' or 
 average 12,998 24,435 1.88 14,700 27,280 1.86 11,699 24,201 
$2.20 
2.88 
2.08 
2.08 
1.69 
1.48 
2.22 
1.92 
2.07 
NA Not available. W Withheld to avoid disclosing company proprietary data;
included in "Other uses." ' Data may not add to totals shown because
of independent
rounding. 
Table 11.—Missouri: Sand and gravel sold or used by producers,
by use
 1977 1978 1979 
Use  Value Value  Value Value Quantity Value tons) sands)  ton tons) sands)
ton  tons) sands) 
Value 
ton 
Construction: 
Sand__________ 
Gravel_________ 
Total' or 
 average — — — — Industrial sand
- - - - 
8,067 
$14,941 
$1.85 
9,737 
$17,542 
$1.80 
7,871 
$15,977 
$2.03 
4,931 
9,483 
1.93 
4,961 
9,740 
1.96 
3,828 
8,224 
2.15 
 12,998 24,435 1.88 14,700 27,280 1.86 11,699 24,201 2.07 
 1,004 7,039 7.01 865 6,378 7.37 859 7,109 8.28 
Grand total' average 
or 
— — — — 14,002 31,473 2.25 15,560
33,660 2.16 12,558
31,310 2.49 
THE MINERAL INDUSTRY OF MISSOURI 
311 
Table 10.—Missouri: Construction sand and gravel sold or used,
by major
use category 
' Data may not add to totals shown because of independent rounding. 
 Stone—Missouri ranked fifth among the States in the production
of
crushed stone in both 1978 and 1979. Maximum annual output in the period
extending from 1975 through 1979, about 57.3 million tons, was attained in
1978. The maximum value of output in that period, almost $140 million, was
attained in 1979. The growth in value of the stone was related to both the
increase in production and to an increase in unit value from about $2 per
ton in 1975 to almost $2.50 per ton in 1979. The decrease in the output of
stone in 1979 from that in 1978 is attributed to slowing construction. During
that period, housing starts declined, the value of State road contract awards
made in 1978 was more than 33% below the value in 
1977, and the quantity of various aggregates, cement, roofing materials,
and other stone used in the construction of highways, building, and other
structures declined al 
most 7%. Dimension stone produced amounted to less than 0.01% of 1% of the
quantity and 0.2% of the value of the crushed stone. 
 Limestone was the most extensively used stone for crushing. Granite, marble,
and sandstone were also crushed for special purposes. In approximate order
of output, St. Louis, Ste. Genevieve, Jackson, Jefferson, Rails, St. Charles,
and Pike Counties were the leading sources of limestone, each with production
of more than 2 million tons in one or both years. Output of the leading five
counties was about 38% of the State's crushed stone in both 1978 and 1979.
Stone was quarried for crushing in 94 counties in 1978 and 93 in 1979, and
by 165 and 151 firms, respectively, for those years. Operations involved
277 quarries in 1978 and 257 in 1979. Output of stone from individual quarries
ranged widely in size from a few 


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