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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Area reports: domestic 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 2 (1978-1979)

Hill, James J.; Prosser, L. J., Jr.
Indiana,   pp. 189-200 PDF (1.2 MB)

Page 193

and inorganic arsenic, and provided for the certification of geologists.
 The State had difficulty in establishing a Mining and Mineral Resources
and Research Institute under the provisions of Title III of Public Law 95-87,
the Federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. Senate Concurrent
Resolution 27 approved Indiana State University at Evansville, whereas the
Governor had previously designated Indiana University at Bloomington to receive
the Federal funds. Because the two branches of State government disagreed,
Federal law required that a decision be made by a nine-member Federal Advisory
Committee on Mining Research appointed by the Secretary of the Interior.
On December 19, 1979, Purdue University at West Lafayette was designated.
 In 1978-79, the Geological Survey, Indiana Department of -Natural Resources,
Bloomington, continued geological research and completed several long-term
projects to digitize data. The projects included a system to plot base maps
of selected geographic units by computer. 
 A revised Indianapolisl° x 2° Regional Geologic Map was
along with maps showing bedrock and unconsolidated deposits. Other publications
discussed stratigraphy, environmental geology, mineral economics, and peat
and crushed stone resources. Two mineral producer directories were also published.
 In 1979, Indiana's Coastal Zone Management Program was in its third year
development. At yearend, proposed legislation was being developed by the
State Planning Servióe Agency for submittal to the State legislature,
for review in early 1980. If adopted, the program would regulate access,
economic development, natural hazard areas, fish and wildlife habitat, energy
facility siting, and dredge disposal areas along Indiana's 45-mile Lake Michigan
shoreline. Several steel mill facilities and the Port of Indiana are located
in the coastal area. In conjunction with the program, studies were conducted
that identified and documented wetlands, natural areas, and manmade land
areas along the coast. 
 The Indiana Energy Search Center opened in 1979 to provide information on
ways to cut energy costs and consumption to mining and other industries.
The facility is linked to a worldwide network of computer bases to aid in
the transfer of information. It is funded by a Federal grant and operated
by the Indiana Department of Commerce. 
 In 1977, the Forest Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture initiated
its Roadless Area Review and Evaluation (RARE II) program. The program identified
roadless and undeveloped land areas in the National Forest System suitable
for wilderness use. In 1979, three areas in the HoOsier National Forest were
evaluated; two areas (9,909 acres) were nominated for wilderness status,
and one area (7,000 acres) was found unsuitable for wilderness use. Congressional
action on the areas selected for wilderness is expected in the near future.
 Abrasives.—Natural abrasives were produced by Hindostan Whetstone
Co. from a sandstone quarry near Orleans, Orange County. The firm, one of
the oldest manufacturing establishments in Indiana, shaped the stone into
cuticle removers and sharpening stones. 
 Manufacturing abrasives of steel and aluminum were produced by WheelabratorFrye,
Inc., at Mishawaka, in St. Joseph County, for use by the steel industry.
 Cement.—In 1979, Indiana was one of 11 States with cement shipments
(portland) of over 2 million short tons, ranking ninth nationally. Four companies
produced cement at five plants in Cass, Clark, Lake, Lawrence, and Putnam
Counties during 
1978-79. Two plants, using the dry grinding process, produced portland cement,
two plants with wet grinding facilities produced portland and masonry cement,
and one plant using the wet grinding process produced portland, masonry,
and calcium aluminate cement. 
 Approximately 90% of the cement produced was Type I (general construction
use) andType II (moderately low heat and moderate degree of resistance to
sulfate attack). Much of the remainder was Type III (high early strength).
 Production decreased slightly in 1978, mainly because of a fuel shortage
effected by a coal strike, a strike by cement employees, and environmental
regulations. The drop in production and increased demand by the construction
industry led to a cement 

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