Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Area reports: domestic 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 2 (1978-1979)
Hill, James J.; Prosser, L. J., Jr.
Indiana, pp. 189-200 PDF (1.2 MB)
THE MINERAL INDUSTRY OF INDIANA 193 and inorganic arsenic, and provided for the certification of geologists. The State had difficulty in establishing a Mining and Mineral Resources and Research Institute under the provisions of Title III of Public Law 95-87, the Federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. Senate Concurrent Resolution 27 approved Indiana State University at Evansville, whereas the Governor had previously designated Indiana University at Bloomington to receive the Federal funds. Because the two branches of State government disagreed, Federal law required that a decision be made by a nine-member Federal Advisory Committee on Mining Research appointed by the Secretary of the Interior. On December 19, 1979, Purdue University at West Lafayette was designated. In 1978-79, the Geological Survey, Indiana Department of -Natural Resources, Bloomington, continued geological research and completed several long-term projects to digitize data. The projects included a system to plot base maps of selected geographic units by computer. A revised Indianapolisl° x 2° Regional Geologic Map was published, along with maps showing bedrock and unconsolidated deposits. Other publications discussed stratigraphy, environmental geology, mineral economics, and peat and crushed stone resources. Two mineral producer directories were also published. In 1979, Indiana's Coastal Zone Management Program was in its third year of development. At yearend, proposed legislation was being developed by the State Planning Servióe Agency for submittal to the State legislature, for review in early 1980. If adopted, the program would regulate access, economic development, natural hazard areas, fish and wildlife habitat, energy facility siting, and dredge disposal areas along Indiana's 45-mile Lake Michigan shoreline. Several steel mill facilities and the Port of Indiana are located in the coastal area. In conjunction with the program, studies were conducted that identified and documented wetlands, natural areas, and manmade land areas along the coast. The Indiana Energy Search Center opened in 1979 to provide information on ways to cut energy costs and consumption to mining and other industries. The facility is linked to a worldwide network of computer bases to aid in the transfer of information. It is funded by a Federal grant and operated by the Indiana Department of Commerce. In 1977, the Forest Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture initiated its Roadless Area Review and Evaluation (RARE II) program. The program identified roadless and undeveloped land areas in the National Forest System suitable for wilderness use. In 1979, three areas in the HoOsier National Forest were evaluated; two areas (9,909 acres) were nominated for wilderness status, and one area (7,000 acres) was found unsuitable for wilderness use. Congressional action on the areas selected for wilderness is expected in the near future. REVIEW BY NONFUEL MINERAL COMMODITIES NONMETALS Abrasives.—Natural abrasives were produced by Hindostan Whetstone Co. from a sandstone quarry near Orleans, Orange County. The firm, one of the oldest manufacturing establishments in Indiana, shaped the stone into cuticle removers and sharpening stones. Manufacturing abrasives of steel and aluminum were produced by WheelabratorFrye, Inc., at Mishawaka, in St. Joseph County, for use by the steel industry. Cement.—In 1979, Indiana was one of 11 States with cement shipments (portland) of over 2 million short tons, ranking ninth nationally. Four companies produced cement at five plants in Cass, Clark, Lake, Lawrence, and Putnam Counties during 1978-79. Two plants, using the dry grinding process, produced portland cement, two plants with wet grinding facilities produced portland and masonry cement, and one plant using the wet grinding process produced portland, masonry, and calcium aluminate cement. Approximately 90% of the cement produced was Type I (general construction use) andType II (moderately low heat and moderate degree of resistance to sulfate attack). Much of the remainder was Type III (high early strength). Production decreased slightly in 1978, mainly because of a fuel shortage effected by a coal strike, a strike by cement employees, and environmental regulations. The drop in production and increased demand by the construction industry led to a cement
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