University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Ecology and Natural Resources Collection

Page View

Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Area reports: domestic 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 2 (1978-1979)

Hill, James J.; Prosser, L. J., Jr.
Illinois,   pp. 177-187 ff. PDF (1.1 MB)


Page 182

Table 5.—Illinois: Construction sand and gravel sold or used, 
by major use category 
Use 
1977 
1978 
1979 
Quantity 
(thousand 
tons) 
Value 
(thou- 
sands) 
Value 
per 
ton 
Quantity 
(thousand 
tons) 
Value 
(thou- 
sands) 
Value 
per 
ton 
Quantity 
(tho~is~nd 
tons) 
Value 
(thou- 
sands) 
Value 
per 
ton 
Concrete aggregate       
Plasterand gunite sands -- 
Concrete products        
Asphaltic concrete — — Roadbase and cOverings.. 
Fill                   
Snow and ice control      
13,223 NA 
1,867 
5,677 
7,113 
4,975 NA 
$30,588 
NA 
5,083 
11,366 
13,586 
6,827 NA 
$2.31 
NA 
2.72 
2.00 
1.91 
1.37 
NA 
15,395 
W 
1,615 
5,583 
9,244 
5,341 
132 
$37,650 
W 
4,621 
12,809 
19,270 
8,078 
261 
$2.45 W 
2.86 
2.29 
2.08 
1.51 
1.98 
16,393 
47 
1,705 
5,967 
10,048 
5,403 
116 
$37,429 
150 
4,454 
13,005 
22,143 
8,710 
223 
$2.28 
3.16 
2.61 
2.18 
2.20 
1.61 
1.93 
Railroad ballast          
38 
91 
2.36 
1 
2 
2.29 
1 
3 
3.21 
Other uses             
394 
812 
2.06 
346 
984 
2.84 
353 
899 
2.54 
1~ 
182 
MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1978-79 
The State's output of drain tile declined in 1978 and 1979 because of increased
use of plastic pipe. 
 Illinois ranked fourth in production among the nine States that produced
fuller's earth in 1979. The material absorbs more water than common clay
and was used in oil refining for decolorizing and purifying purposes. 
 Fluorspar.—Although Illinois continued to be the Nation's leading
producer, shipments in 1978 and 1979 were the lowest of the decade, except
for those of 1975. The decline was attributed to market conditions and foreign
imports. 
 Fluorspar was mined in Hardin County by the Hastie Mining Co., Ozark-Mahoning
Co., and Allied Chemical Corp. At yearend 1979, Allied ceased operations
pending sale of the company's fluorspar holdings. 
 During the 1978-79 period, OzarkMahoning operated the Barnett, Oxford No.
7, Knight, and H. M. mines. The company began sinking the Henson shaft, developed
a new vein through a crosscut from the Barnett mine, and completed the Denton
shaft. Fluorspar was used by the chemical, glass, ceramic, and steel industries.
 Gem Stones.—Small quantities of mineral specimens were collected
in
the southern Illinois fluorspar district by hobbyists and members of lapidary
clubs. 
 Gypsum.—National Gypsum Co. imported crude gypsum from Michigan
and
Canada in 1978 and 1979. The material was calcined at the company's Waukegan
plant in Lake County for use in wallboard. 
 Lime.—Both quicklime and hydrated lime were produced by Marblehead
Lime Co. at two plants in Cook County. In 1979, Marblehead began construction
of a 1,450short-ton-per-day kiln at its South Chicago plant. Vulcan Materials
Co., also in Cook County, produced quicklime. Major uses of lime were in.
steelmaking, refractories, water purification, and sewage treatment. 
 Peat.—Illinois ranked third in the United States in peat production,
contributing about 10% of the national total in 1978 and 1979. After processing
by drying, shredding, and screening, the peat was used almost exclusively
in agricultural and horticultural applications. Transportation (by truck)
added significantly to the cost of peat because of its bulk. 
 Perlite.—Illinois led the Nation in the quantity of expanded perlite
produced in 1979. Crude perlite mined outside the State was processed by
five companies in Cook, De Kalb, Lake, and Will Counties. Uses were for insulation,
horticultural purposes, as construction aggregate, and as a filter aid. 
 Sand and Gravel.—Nationally the State ranked sixth in output in
1978
and again in 1979. In terms of value, sand and gravel continued to be the
second leading nonfuel commodity mined in Illinois. In 1979, production was
from 62 of the State's 102 counties at over 200 locations. 
 Most of the construction sand and gravel that was mined was used for aggregate,
roadbase, and fill. Industrial-quality sand was used mainly for glass manufacturing
and for foundry molding and core. 
 Total1 or average 33,286 68,353 2.05 37,660 83,680 2.22 40,033 87,016 
NA Not available. W Withheld to avoid disclosing company proprietary data;
included in "Other uses." ' Data may not add to totals shown because
of independent
rounding. 
2.17 


Go up to Top of Page