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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Area reports: domestic 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 2 (1978-1979)

Pittman, Tom L.
Alaska,   pp. 43-51 ff. PDF (952.3 KB)


Page 45

45 
 THE MINERAL INDUSTRY OF ALASKA 
Cr) 
-J 
-J 
0 
0 
z 
0 
-J 
-J 
300 
200 
100 
1977 
Figure l.—.-Value of sand and gravel and total value of nonfuel
mineral
production in 
Alaska. 
normal progression of otherwise viable prospects to producing mines will
be slow until many of the problems facing the private mineral sector are
resolved. Most of the problems are due to uncertainties in land tenure, access,
and the economic implications of regulations and the permitting requirements
of land and resource managing agencies. Some provisions in current and proposed
water-rights and in-streamflow legislation are of vital interest. Certain
aspects of the developing district coastal zone management programs may become
decisive elements in planning some mining, 
milling, and related transportation projects. Legislation and Government
Programs.—In November 1978, Secretary of the Interior Andrus, using
authority contained in Section 204 (E) of the Federal Land Policy and Management
Act (PL94579), withdrew from development 110 million acres of Federal lands.
In December, President Carter created 17 new national monuments under authority
of the Antiquities Act of 1906 covering 56 million acres of the land withdrawn
by the Secretary of the Interior. 
REVIEW BY NONFUEL MINERAL COMMODITIES 
METALS 
 Copper.—Exploration of a series of copper, zinc, lead, and silver
deposits continued along the so-called schist belt in the central Brooks
Range. Bear Creek Mining Co. continued work on its very large Arctic Camp
deposit and performed necessary work at Bornite. Ambler Mining Co. was formed
by the Anaconda Co. and Sunshine Mining Co. 
to operate certain of their deposits. This company continued a vigorous exploration
program. Other companies active in the Ambler district were Union Carbide
Corp., Houston Oil and Minerals Corp., General Crude Oil Co., Noranda Exploration,
Inc., and Falconbridge Nickel Mines, Ltd. 
 The Orange Hill copper-molybdenum deposit north of the Wrangell Mountains
and east of the terminus of Nabesna Glacier was 


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