Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Area reports: domestic 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 2 (1978-1979)
Boyle, James R.; Joiner, Thomas J.
Alabama, pp. 33-41 ff. PDF (997.6 KB)
Box 556 Eufaula, AL 36027 Dale Rd. Route 1, Box 58 Eufaula, AL 36027 Mexico,MO 65265 Box 568 Eufaula, AL 36027 15 South 3d St. Easton, PA 18042 2625 Cumberland Pkwy., NW. Atlanta, GA 30339 Do. Barbour and Henry. Plant____ - - - _do______ 40 MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1978-79See footnotes at end of table. Inc., and Phillips Petroleum sold 404,281 metric tons in 1978, valued at $18.4 million. In 1979, sales dropped to 374,526 metric tons, but value increased to $20.3 million. METALS Primary metal production was among the most important industries in the State. According to a Bureau of the Census survey issued in 1979, metal production accounted for 41,800 jobs and contributed $688 million to the State's economy. The four most important counties were Jefferson, Mobile, Madison, and Etowah. Aluminum.—Alabama ranked fifth nationally in the production of primary aluminum. Primary aluminum was produced by Revere Copper and Brass, Inc., and Reynolds Metals Co., from alumina shipped in from Texas and Arkansas. Revere Copper and Brass, Inc., Scottsboro, increased its aluminum potline capacity in 1978 from 109,000 to 117,000 short tons, with further increases anticipated. The company rebuilt and enlarged the capacities of four ingot heating furnaces for processing rolling ingot and installed a new pusher furnace. Reynolds Metals Co. was constructing a $5 million plant in Sheffield to process automobile shredder residues. Reynolds expects to recover 5,000 tons of aluminum the first year. Expected completion date of the plant is June 1980. Aluminum Company of America, Mobile, which produces alumina from imported bauxite, will spend $60 million to modernize its alumina plant. The plant's capacity will be expanded by 70,000 tons per year above the present 900,000-ton-per-year capability. Major expansion will be in the chemical products section. Three of the- four existing digester units will be replaced and a new drying system constructed. The chemical plant produces alumina trthydrate, which is used in the manufacture of water treatment chemicals and as a flame retardant. Bauxite.—Alabama ranked second in the Nation in bauxite production. Six companies mined bauxite in Barbour and Henry Counties for use in refractories and chemical manufacture. Iron and Steel.—Alabaxna ranked seventh in the Nation in the production of pig iron. In 1978, production increased 8.0% over that of the previous year to nearly 3.5 million short tons and was valued at $679.5 million; 1979 production was 3.7 million short tons, valued at $738.4 million. U.S. Steel Corp., Fairfield, and Republic Steel Corp., Gadsen, were the major producers. * Rutile (Synthetic).—Kerr-McGee Corp. will reopen its 100,000-ton-per-year synthetic rutile plant in Mobile in early 1980, after a 2-year shutdown. The facility opetied in mid-1977 and closed in March 1978 because of poor market conditions and the need for better product and environmental control. Ilmenite imported from Australia is processed into synthetic rutile, which is used as a pigment in paint. ' State mineral specialist, Bureau of Mines, Tuscaloosa, Ala. 25~ geologist, Geological Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Ala. Table 10.—Principal producers Commodity and company Address Type of activity County Alumina: Aluminum Company of America Aluminum smelters: Revere Copper & Brass Inc - - - ReynoldsMetalsCo_________ Bauxite Eufaula Minerals Co Harbison-Walker Refractories Co., Inc., a division of Dresser Industries, Inc. United States Gypsum Co.' - - - Wilson.Snead Mining Co_____ Cement Alpha Portland Industries, Inc_ - Citadel Cement Corp 1501 Alcoa Bldg. Pittsburgh, PA 15219 Box 191 Rome, NY 13440 Reynolds Metals Bldg. Richmond, VA 23218 Plant Mobile. ____do Jackson. _~_do Colbert. Mine and plant. Barbour. ____do Do. - - - _do___ - - - _do______ Jefferson. Jefferson and Marengo.
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