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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Area reports: domestic 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 2 (1978-1979)

Boyle, James R.; Joiner, Thomas J.
Alabama,   pp. 33-41 ff. PDF (997.6 KB)


Page 38

38 MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1978-79 NA Not available. w withheld to avoid disclosing
company proprietary data; included in "Total."' Data may not add
to totals
shown because of independent rounding. 
expected to be in operation in 1980, will Lime.—Alabama ranked
sixth
nationally increase American Olean's quarry tile pro- in the production of
lime. Production came duction capacity about 45%. Original test- from four
plants in Shelby County. Major ing of the raw materials was done at the uses
are in basic oxygen steelmaking, paper Federal Bureau of Mines' Tuscaloosa
Re- manufacture, and water purification. 
search Center. 
Table 6.—Alabama: Lime sold or used by producers, by use 
Use 
1977 
1978 
1979 
Quantity 
(short tons) 
 Value (thousands) 
Quantity (short tons) 
 Value (thousands) 
Quantity (short tons) 
Value 
(thousands) 
Paper and pulp — — — waterpurification —
—
Masons lime       
Soil stabiization.. — — — Aluminum and 
431,200 
128,600 
w 
w 
$14,691 
 4,383 
 W 
 W 
329,224 
140,295 
26,093 
37,536 
$12,843 
 5,473 
 1,018 
 1,357 
351,042 
154,322 
19,506 
14,836 
$14,946 
 6,571 
 788 
 632 
 bauxite         Sugar refining     Other uses'        
 Total2          
w 
 7,275 
582,400 
 W 
 248 
19,891 
31,833 
 6,158 
693,100 
1,242 
 240 
26,848 
2 
 4,401 
728,443 
2 
 187 
31,058 
1,149,470 
39,213 
1,264,240 
49,021 
1,272,550 
54,182 
 w Withheld to avoid disclosing company proprietary data; included with "Other
uses." 
 ' Includes acid mine water; agriculture (1978-79); alkalies; calcium carbide;
fertilizer (1978-79); food and food byproducts; insecticides (1978); metallurgy
(1979); oil well drilling; ore concentration; other chemical uses; other
construction lime; sewage treatment; steel, BOF; steel, electric; steel,
open-hearth; tanning; wire drawing (1978); and uses indicated by symboiw.
 2Data may not add to totals shown because of independent rounding. 
Mica.—Alabama ranked fourth in the Nation in the production of
scrap
mica. Western Mica Co. produced scrap miëa at its Heflin operation
from
material mined in Randolph County. The fine-ground mica is used as an additive
in paints. 
Phosphate Rock.—Monsanto Co. produced phosphate rock from the Gilbert
pit in Limestone County. This is the first recorded production in Alabama
since 1970. The phosphate rock was shipped to Tennessee for further processing.
SaIt.—Alabama ranked ninth nationally in the production of salt.
The
Olin Corp. produced salt from well brines from a nearsurface salt dome in
Washington County for use in chemical manufacture. Both produc 
tion and value increased significantly in 
1978. 
 Sand and GraveL—In 1978 and 1979, sand and gravel was produced
at
over 100 operations in slightly more than half of the counties in the State.
Of the sand and gravel produced, the majority was used for construction purposes,
with minor amounts for industrial uses. The price of construction sand and
gravel averaged less than half that of industrial sand and gravel. The major
portion of sand and gravel was shipped by truck with lesser amounts transported
by railroad and waterway. Leading counties were Montgomery, Mobile, Elmore,
and Macon. 
Table 7.—Alabama: Construction sand and gravel sold or used, 
by major use category 
Use 
1977 
1978 
1979 
Quantity 
(thousand 
short 
tons) 
Value 
(thou- 
sands) 
Value 
per 
ton 
Quantity 
(thohus~nd 
tons) 
Value 
(thou- 
sands) 
Value 
per 
ton 
Quantity 
(thousand 
tons) 
Value 
(thou- 
sands) 
Value 
per 
ton 
Concrete 
Plaster an~~? — — sands           
Concrete products_ — — Asphaltic concrete —
— Roadbase
and coverings        
Fifi              
Snow and ice control - 
Other uses         
 Total' or 
average       
7,045 
NA 1,307 
1,758 
1,657 
1,013 NA 
 89 
$16,941 
NA 
3,338 
4,016 
2,568 
1,090 
NA 
248 
$2.40 
NA 
2.55 
2.28 
1.55 
1.08 
NA 
2.79 
7,889 
654 
2,475 
2,463 
1,017 
- - 
32 
$18,450 
1,966 
5,912 
4,165 
1,144 
- - 
79 
$2.34 
3.01 
2.39 
1.69 
1.12 
- - 
2.44 
7,281 
W 
398 
1,949 
2,304 
1,387 W 
62 
$18,234 
w 
1,155 
4,906 
3,742 
1,614 
w 
194 
$2.50 
~ 
2.91 
2.52 
1.62 
1.16 
w 
3.12 
12,869 
28,201 
2.19 
14,531 
31,716 
2.18 
13,451 
29,944 
2.23 


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