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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)

Lynd, Langtry E.; Hough, Ruth A.
Titanium,   pp. 933-947 ff. PDF (1.7 MB)


Page 934

934 
MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1978-79 
 The Government stockpile goal for rutile 1979. One individual pleaded guilty
and the concentrate remained at 173,928 tons, and other eight defendants
pleaded nob contotal rutile stockpile inventory in December tendere. The
defendant companies in the 1979 was 39,186 tons. trial were Martin Marietta
Aluminum, Inc., 
 In September 1978, the U.S. Department RMI Co., Crucible, Inc., and Lawrence
Aviaof the Treasury received a complaint from tion Industries, Inc. Titanium
Metals CorpoSCM Corp. alleging that titanium dioxide ration of America (TMCA)
was named as an imported into the United States from Bel- unindicted coconspirator.
A civil suit filed gium, the Federal Republic of Germany, by the U.S. Justice
Department against all France, and the United Kingdom was being these companies
was still pending at the sold at less than fair value. Investigations end
of 1979.6 
carried out by the Treasury Department In efforts to alleviate the shortage
of under the Antidumping Act of 1921, as titanium by encouraging imports,
the fobamended, resulted in the determination lowing two bills were introduced
in 1979: 
that such sales at less than fair value had H.R. 3591, on April 10, to reduce
temporaritaken place. However, investigations by the by the duty on titanium
sponge, from 18% to International Trade Commission to deter- 9% ad valorem,
until June 30, 1981; and mine the extent of any injury to a U.S. H.R. 4738,
on July 11, to reduce temporarily industry from these sales at less than
fair the duty on titanium sheet, plate, and other value resulted in a determination
in No- rolled titanium products, from 18% to 9% vember 1979 that no such
injury had oc- ad valorem, until June 30, 1981. Under the curred or was likely
to occur.4 Tokyo Round of negotiations completed in 
 The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) in 1979, the most-favored-nation duty
on the April 1978 charged E. I. du Pont de Ne- above forms of titanium was
scheduled to be mours and Co., Inc., with attempting to reduced in several
stages to 15%, over the monopolize the production of titanium diox- period
January 1, 1980, to January 1, 1987. ide pigments and engaging in unfair
meth- The suspension of duty on waste and scrap ods of competition. In September~
1979, an titanium was extended until June 30, 1981, administrative law judge
for the FTC as provided by Public Law 95-508. The duty dismissed these allegations,~
and an FTC on titanium dioxide, 7.5% ad valorem, mosthearing officer ruled
that the agency should favored-nation, was not affected by the drop its charges
against the company. Tokyo negotiations. 
 A Federal grand jury in Pittsburgh, Pa., H.R. 2297 was introduced on February
21, in September 1978 indicted four producers 1979, to continue until June
30, 1982, the of titanium mill products, and some of their existing suspension
of duties on synthetic officers, on price-fixing charges. The trial rutile.
and sentencing were completed in May 
DOMESTIC PRODUCTION 
 Concentrates.—Production of ilmenite decreased in 1978 for the
fifth
consecutive year, but reversed the trend in 1979 by rebounding to near the
1977 production level. The decrease in 1978 was caused mainly by the shutdown,
because of depleted reserves, of the SCM Corp. sand mining operation near
Lakehurst, N.J., in March 1978. The increased production in 1979 was achieved
despite the shutdown of the Titanium Enterprises (TE) mining and wet milling
facilities at Green Cove Springs, Fla., in June 1978. However, TE continued
operation of its dry mill, producing some ilmenite as well as zircon and
monazite from stockpiled tailings. In November 1979, Humphreys Mining Co.
ceased operations at its Boulougne, Fla., deposit because of depleted reserves.
Production at the mines of 
Du Pont at Starke, and Highland, Fla., and of ASARCO, Incorporated, at Manchester,
N.J., was comparable to their 1977 output. Production by NL Industries, Inc.,
Tahawus, N.Y., was over 50% higher in 1979 than in 1977 or 1978. Production
of rutibe concentrate has been insignificant since the TE mine shutdown in
June 1978. The other Florida producers recovered some rutile in bulk concentrates
consisting mainly of ilmenite and leucoxene. 
 In April 1980, the TE property was purchased by Associated Minerals Consobidated,
Ltd. (AMC) of Australia for $11.7 million. AMC expected to produce at Green
Cove Springs, over the next 16 years, 50,000 tons per year of ilmenite, 25,000
tons per year of rutibe, and 25,000 tons per year of zircon, as well as smaller
amounts of leu 


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