Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)
Foster, Russell J.
Nitrogen, pp. 643-653 ff. PDF (1.4 MB)
NITROGEN 649 capacities at Kanpur by 50% to 373,000 tons and 342,000 tons of contained nitrogen, respectively.~° The Indian Farmers Fertilizer Cooperative Ltd. (IFFCO) contracted for the installation of two 1,485-ton-per-day, natural-gasbased ammonia plants and two downstream urea units at Hajira by 1983.41 IFFCO commissioned a 269,000-ton-per-year-nitrogen ammonia plant and a 260,000-ton-per-yearnitrogen urea unit at Phulpur in 1979. A 269,000-ton-per-year-nitrogen ammonia plant and a 251,000-ton-per-year-nitrogen urea unit were under construction at Kakinada for Nagarjuna Fertilizers.42 National Fertilizers Ltd. brought ammonia/urea facilities onstream at Panipat and Bhatinda in 1979 with daily capacities of 990 tons of ammonia and 1,650 tons of urea.43 A large ammonia/urea complex will be built at Thal-Vaishet for Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers based on natural gas from the Bombay High field. Two 1,488-ton-perday ammonia plants and three 1,650-tonper-day urea units are scheduled for completion in 1983.~~ Indonesia.—The PUSRI IV project, consisting of an ammonia plant with 300,000 tons per year of contained nitrogen capacity and a urea unit rated at 289,000 tons per year of nitrogen content, came onstream in 1978 at Palembang.~~ An identical complex was dedicated at yearend 1978 at Cikampek, West Java.46 Contracts were awarded for the construction of a grassroots, naturalgas-based complex at East Kalimantan. The 1,650-ton-per-day ammonia plant and 1,870ton-per-day urea unit are scheduled for startup in 1982.~~ The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the government of Japan will jointly finance the construction of a 300,000-ton-per-yearnitrogen ammonia plant and a 289,000-tonper-year-nitrogen urea unit at Aceh, North Sumatra. The facility is slated for 1984.48 Iraq.—Two ammonia plants, rated at 300,000 tons per year of contained nitrogen and two downstream urea units with a capacity of 272,000 tons per year of nutrient were brought onstream at Khor Al Zubair in 1979. This signals the emergence of Iraq as a significant urea exporter.49 Consideration is being given to constructing a 45,000ton-per-year-nitrogen ammonia plant at Al Qaim to provide onsite material for that fertilizer complex.~° Ireland.—A facility consisting of a 1,485ton-per-day ammonia plant and a 1,100-tonper-day urea unit was brought onstream at Marino Point in 1979.51 Japan—The development of new nitrogen fertilizer capacity in Asia and the escalation of energy costs has adversely affected Japan's position as a major supplier of nitrogen fertilizers to world markets. A plan submitted by the Industry Structure Council, and approved by the Ministry of Trade and Industry early in 1979, will result in the reduction of ammonia capacity by 27% and urea capacity by 43%~52 Kuwait.—Petrochemical Industries Co. awarded a contract in connection with the construction of a 1,100-ton-per-day ammonia plant at Shuaiba.~~ Libya.—The National Oil Corp. awarded a contract for the construction of another 1,100-ton-per-day ammonia plant at Marsa el Brega by 1981.~~ Malagasy Republic.—The government and N-Ren Corp. announced a joint venture to construct a naphtha-based ammonia plant and downstream 99,000-ton-per-year urea plant at Tamatave.5~ Malaysia.—ASEAN approved the construction of a 300,000-ton-per-year-nitrogen ammonia plant and a 289,000-ton-per-yearnitrogen urea unit at Dintulu, Sarawak.56 Mexico.—After bringing onstream two ammonia plants at Cosoleacaque and one at Salamanca during 1977 and 1978, Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) announced plans to construct four additional plants. Two of the 490,000-ton-per-year units, originally slated for Cunduacan, will be located at Cosoleacaque by 1981.~~ Operational difficulties at some plants required PEMEX to reduce export shipments in the spring of 1979.58 New Zealand.—Contracts were awarded for the construction of a nitrogen fertilizer facility at Kapuni. A 101,000-ton-per-year ammonia plant and a 170,000-ton-per-year urea unit, to be operated by Petrocorp, a subsidiary of the Natural Gas Corp. of New Zealand, are scheduled onstream in 1981.~~ Nigeria.—The Federal Ministry of Industry awarded letters of intent to three U.S. companies to construct a fertilizer complex at Port Harcourt and to market the output. The 1,100-ton-per-day ammonia plant, 1,650-ton-per-day urea plant, and mixed fertilizer unit were scheduled onstream in 1984.69 Pakistan.—A 1,000-ton-per-day ammonia plant and a 240-ton-per-day urea unit came onstream for Pak-Arab Fertilizers in 1978 at Multan, followed by other downstream facilities. Paksaudi Fertilizers commissioned a 1,100-ton-per-day ammonia plant and a 1,918-ton-per-day urea unit at Mirpur
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