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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)

Foster, Russell J.
Nitrogen,   pp. 643-653 ff. PDF (1.4 MB)

Page 649

capacities at Kanpur by 50% to 373,000 tons and 342,000 tons of contained
nitrogen, respectively.~° 
 The Indian Farmers Fertilizer Cooperative Ltd. (IFFCO) contracted for the
installation of two 1,485-ton-per-day, natural-gasbased ammonia plants and
two downstream urea units at Hajira by 1983.41 IFFCO commissioned a 269,000-ton-per-year-nitrogen
ammonia plant and a 260,000-ton-per-yearnitrogen urea unit at Phulpur in
 A 269,000-ton-per-year-nitrogen ammonia plant and a 251,000-ton-per-year-nitrogen
urea unit were under construction at Kakinada for Nagarjuna Fertilizers.42
 National Fertilizers Ltd. brought ammonia/urea facilities onstream at Panipat
and Bhatinda in 1979 with daily capacities of 990 tons of ammonia and 1,650
tons of urea.43 
 A large ammonia/urea complex will be built at Thal-Vaishet for Rashtriya
Chemicals & Fertilizers based on natural gas from the Bombay High
Two 1,488-ton-perday ammonia plants and three 1,650-tonper-day urea units
are scheduled for completion in 1983.~~ 
 Indonesia.—The PUSRI IV project, consisting of an ammonia plant
300,000 tons per year of contained nitrogen capacity and a urea unit rated
at 289,000 tons per year of nitrogen content, came onstream in 1978 at Palembang.~~
An identical complex was dedicated at yearend 1978 at Cikampek, West Java.46
Contracts were awarded for the construction of a grassroots, naturalgas-based
complex at East Kalimantan. The 1,650-ton-per-day ammonia plant and 1,870ton-per-day
urea unit are scheduled for startup in 1982.~~ The Association of Southeast
Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the government of Japan will jointly finance the
construction of a 300,000-ton-per-yearnitrogen ammonia plant and a 289,000-tonper-year-nitrogen
urea unit at Aceh, North Sumatra. The facility is slated for 1984.48 
 Iraq.—Two ammonia plants, rated at 300,000 tons per year of contained
nitrogen and two downstream urea units with a capacity of 272,000 tons per
year of nutrient were brought onstream at Khor Al Zubair in 1979. This signals
the emergence of Iraq as a significant urea exporter.49 Consideration is
being given to constructing a 45,000ton-per-year-nitrogen ammonia plant at
Al Qaim to provide onsite material for that fertilizer complex.~°
 Ireland.—A facility consisting of a 1,485ton-per-day ammonia plant
and a 1,100-tonper-day urea unit was brought onstream at 
Marino Point in 1979.51 
 Japan—The development of new nitrogen fertilizer capacity in Asia
and the escalation of energy costs has adversely affected Japan's position
as a major supplier of nitrogen fertilizers to world markets. A plan submitted
by the Industry Structure Council, and approved by the Ministry of Trade
and Industry early in 1979, will result in the reduction of ammonia capacity
by 27% and urea capacity by 43%~52 
 Kuwait.—Petrochemical Industries Co. awarded a contract in connection
with the construction of a 1,100-ton-per-day ammonia plant at Shuaiba.~~
 Libya.—The National Oil Corp. awarded a contract for the construction
of another 1,100-ton-per-day ammonia plant at Marsa el Brega by 1981.~~ 
 Malagasy Republic.—The government and N-Ren Corp. announced a
venture to construct a naphtha-based ammonia plant and downstream 99,000-ton-per-year
urea plant at Tamatave.5~ 
 Malaysia.—ASEAN approved the construction of a 300,000-ton-per-year-nitrogen
ammonia plant and a 289,000-ton-per-yearnitrogen urea unit at Dintulu, Sarawak.56
 Mexico.—After bringing onstream two ammonia plants at Cosoleacaque
and one at Salamanca during 1977 and 1978, Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) announced
plans to construct four additional plants. Two of the 490,000-ton-per-year
units, originally slated for Cunduacan, will be located at Cosoleacaque by
1981.~~ Operational difficulties at some plants required PEMEX to reduce
export shipments in the spring of 1979.58 
 New Zealand.—Contracts were awarded for the construction of a
fertilizer facility at Kapuni. A 101,000-ton-per-year ammonia plant and a
170,000-ton-per-year urea unit, to be operated by Petrocorp, a subsidiary
of the Natural Gas Corp. of New Zealand, are scheduled onstream in 1981.~~
 Nigeria.—The Federal Ministry of Industry awarded letters of intent
to three U.S. companies to construct a fertilizer complex at Port Harcourt
and to market the output. The 1,100-ton-per-day ammonia plant, 1,650-ton-per-day
urea plant, and mixed fertilizer unit were scheduled onstream in 
 Pakistan.—A 1,000-ton-per-day ammonia plant and a 240-ton-per-day
urea unit came onstream for Pak-Arab Fertilizers in 1978 at Multan, followed
by other downstream facilities. Paksaudi Fertilizers commissioned a 1,100-ton-per-day
ammonia plant and a 1,918-ton-per-day urea unit at Mirpur 

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