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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)

Matthews, Norman A.
Nickel,   pp. 629-641 ff. PDF (1.6 MB)


Page 637

 NICKEL 637 
Table 11.—Nickel: World mine production, by country1 (Short tons)
Country 
1976 
1977 
1978 
1979" 
Albania                                              
Australia (content of concentrate)                            
Botswana                                             
Brazil (contentofore)                                     
Burma(contentofspeiss)                                  
Canada3                                              
China, mainlande                                       
Cuba(contentofoxideandsulfide)e                           
DominicanRepublic                                      
Finland: 
7,700 
r90 976 
13,866 
5,812 
26 
265,464 
10,000 r40,700 
26,896 
8,300 
94,653 
13,331 
4,675 
19 
256,300 
11,000 
40,800 
27,448 
8,800 
90,785 
17,691 
3,924 
20 
143,360 
11,000 
40,800 
15,763 
9,400 
281,570 
17,600 
4,400 
20 
2145,040 
11,000 
40,800 
227,650 
Contentofconcentrate                                  
Content of nickel sulfate                                
7,008 
209 
6,434 
246 
4,859 
191 
6,400 NA 
German Democratic Republic                               
Greece (recoverable content of ore)4                           
Guatemala                                            
Indonesia(contentofore)4                                  
Mexico(contentofore)                                    
2,800 
30,380 
~ 
r31,716 
62 
2,800 
28,243 
328 
36,468 
37 
3,000 
24,140 
2,000 
35,179 
24 
3,000 
22,700 
9,520 
239,352 
22 
Morocco (content of nickel ore and cobalt ore)                    
r161 
172 
192 
187 
NewCaledonia(recoverable)5                               
Norway(contentofconcentrate)                             
Philippines                                            
Poland(contentofore)e                                   
Rhodesia, Southern (content of concentrate)e                    
SouthAfrica,Republicof                                  
U.S.S.R. (content of ore)e                                
United States (content of ore shipped)                         
Total                                           
r121 157 579 
17,600 
3,100 
17,600 
24,660 
T149000 
16,469 
115,859 
550 
40,544 
3,100 
17,600 
24,201 r157,000 
14,347 
72,862 
1,100 
34,222 
3,100 
17,600 
24,250 
163,000 
13,509 
289,550 
550 
39,740 
3,100 
17,600 
24,250 
168,000 
15,065 
883941 
904455 
731371 
776516 
 e&t~ate. "Preliminary. TRevised. NA Not available. 
 ilnsofar as possible this table represents mine production of nickel where
date relate to some more highly processed form the figure given has been
used m lieu of unreported actual mme output to provide some mdication of
the magnitude of mine output, and are so noted parenthetically following
the country name, or by footnote. 
 2Reported figure. 
 3Refined nickel and nickel content of oxides and salts produced, plus recoverable
nickel in exported mattes and speiss. 
 4lncludes a small amount of cobalt not reported separately. 
 5Nickel.cobalt content of metallurgical plant products plus recoverable
nickel.cobalt content of exported ores 
with those at the end of 1977. Late in 1978, Falco announced that two mines
would be reactivated to increase concentrate production approximately 10%.
The increased flow of concentrates were to reach the smelter in May 1979.
The large Lockerby mine was reactivated in late 1979. Nickel production by
Falco from Canadian concentrates was 33,820 tons in 1979. 
In the last quarter of 1978, Falco started marketing a button-shaped cathode
form of nickel, termed Crowns, designed specifically for improved feeding
in titanium baskets for continuous electroplating installations. 
Both Inco and Falco instituted comprehensive energy management programs to
control operating costs in the face of rapidly increasing electric power
rates. A goal of 20% reduction in unit energy consumption was established
for 1980.~ 
Sherritt Gordon Mines Ltd. continued operations at its hydrometallurgical
refinery at Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta. With the closure of the Lynn Lake,
Manitoba, mine in 1977, the company was dependent on imported concentrates,
principally from Western Australia. These supplies were cut off early in
1978 as the mines providing the principal feed were closed. Arrangements
were subsequently made with Inco Ltd. to 
production. Reduction of inventories was accelerated by the strike of Inco
employees in the Sudbury District. The strike began on September 16 and continued
through June 15, 1979. Canadian mine production totaled 
143,360 tons of nickel in 1978, a reduction of 
44% from mine production in 1977. Mine production in 1979 was estimated at
145,000 tons. 
 Inco mined 10.9 million tons of ore in 
1978, a reduction of 44% compared with 
1977. Production of nickel was 134,000 tons 
compared with 208,000 tons in 1977, but 
shipments were up 21% to 188,700 tons. 
 The new $25 million powder metal strip plant of Inco's Canadian Alloys Division,
Walden, Ontario, was commissioned during 1978. Small quantities of strip
in several analyses were produced for customer trials for coinage and other
applications. 
 Falconbridge Nickel Mines Ltd. (Falco) planned early in 1978 to reduce operations
to 55% of capacity as a means of reducing inventories. Several mine closings
were completed by the end of March. Production of ore was 2.28 million tons
compared with 2.86 million tons in 1977, but shipments of nickel in 1978
were 37,440 tons compared with 17,440 tons in 1977. Inventories were reduced
44% by the end of 1978 compared 


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