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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)

Pressler, J. W.
Lime,   pp. 539-549 ff. PDF (1.5 MB)


Page 540

30 
MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1978-79 
Ref. & 
1940 
Figure 1.—Trends in major uses of lime. 
1980 
540 
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gan, Pennsylvania, and Utah; Mississippi Lime Co. in Missouri; Dravo Corp.
with one plant each in Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana, and Texas; Bethlehem
Steel Corp. with two plants in Pennsylvania and one in New York; Martin Marietta
Corp.'s Chemical Div. in Alabama and Ohio; The Flintkote Co. with two plants
in California, two in Nevada, and one each in Arizona, Utah, and Virginia;
Allied Chemical Corp. in New York; Allied Products Co. with two plants in
Alabama; United States Gypsum Co. in Louisiana, Ohio, and Texas; and Pfizer,
Inc., in California, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Ohio. These 10 companies,
operating 33 plants, accounted for 47% of the total 1979 lime production.
In 1979, the eight largest lime plants, each producing more than 400,000
tons, accounted for 27% of the total lime output. Thirty-nine plants produced
more than 200,000 tons and accounted for 68% of the total. 
 Leading individual plants in 1979 were Mississippi Lime's Ste. Genevieve
plant, Allied Chemical's Syracuse plant, Marblehead's Buffington plant, Dravo's
Maysville plant, and Martin Marietta's Woodville plant. 
 A total of 485 kilns were operational during 1979: 248 vertical kilns, 181
rotary kilns, 27 pot kilns (primitive vertical), 16 Calcimatic traveling-hearth
kilns, 6 fluidized-bed kilns, 4 Ellernan kilns, and 1 traveling-grate rotary
kiln. Hydrators for the production of hydrate lime totaled 118 during 1979;
23 were of the batch type and 95 were of the continuous type. 
 In the biennial period of 1978-79, the number of lime plants in the United
States decreased from 167 to 155, and the average output per plant increased
from 123,400 to 135,400 tons per year. 
 New Plants and Expansions.—Greer Lime Co., a subsidiary of Greer
Steel
Co. of Dover, Ohio, purchased Olin Corp.'s Salt- 


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