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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)

Peterson, E. C.; Collins, C. T.
Iron ore,   pp. 433-456 PDF (2.4 MB)


Page 456

 MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1978-79456 
Table 20.—Iron ore, iron ore concentrates, and iron ore agglomerates:
World production, by country —Continued 
(Thousand long tons) 
 Gross weight2 Country' 
 1976 1977 l978P 1979e 
Metal content3 
 1976 1977 
 l978P 1979e 
Africa: —Continued 
  Kenya13 r20 16 20 20 re12 re9 e12 12 
  Liberia 18,517 17,850 18,503 20,000 rell,500 e11,100 ell,500 12,400 
  Mauritania r9491 9,639 6,824 7,900 6,135 6,217 4,231 4,900 
  Morocco 337 434 58 6 213 277 37 4 
  Rhodesia, Southerne — — —  r1870 Ti 670 1,670
1,670 r1,180
~l,o8o 1,080 1,080 
  South Africa, Republic of'4 15,416 26,063 23,824 ' 31,067 9,634 16,289
14,890 19,417 
  Swaziland 1,916 1,418 1,246 — — r1030 851 748 —
—
  Tunisia 487 338 334 334 r251 172 170 162 
Asia: 
  China: 
   Mainlande r44 300 ~49,2oo 68,900 73,800 r22,100 r24,600 31,000 33,200
   Taiwan —— 32 e32 —— ——
17 e18 ——
  HongKong 36 —- -- -— Ti8 -— -—
-- 
  India 42,757 41,639 37,552 45,000 26,765 26,066 23,508 28,160 
  Indonesia 287 307 215 200 161 172 125 115 
  Iran1' rl,053 1,083 1,535 600 r643 660 935 365 
  Japan'6 746 673 587 5449 443 435 382 183 
  Korea, Northe 9,350 r9,550 9,850 9,850 3,740 r3,840 3,940 3,940 
  Korea, Republic of r743 778 682 5449 r416 436 382 ' 284 
  Malaysia 3Q3 325 315 300 185 198 192 180 
  Philippines 562 — — 2 2 315 — —
1 1 
  Thailand ~ 62 87 ~101 15 37 52 61 
  Turkey r3,545 3,415 3,512 2,950 Ti 845 1,776 1,826 1,625 
Oceania: 
  Australia 91,782 94,408 81,821 ~87,594 r57,642 59,240 52,003 55,673 
  New Zealand'7 2,435 2,728 3,709 3,600 1,388 1,555 2,114 2,050 
 Total r868,789 827,270 841,027 886,760 492,623 469,663 473,933 502,700 eEstimate
"Preliminary. rRe~ed. 
 ' In addition to the countries listed, Cuba and Vietnam may produce iron
ore, but definitive information on output levels, if any, is not available.
 2lnsofar as availability of sources permits, gross weight data in this table
represent the nonduplicative sum of marketable direct shipping iron ores,
iron ore concentrates, and iron ore agglomerates produced by each of the
listed countries. Concentrates and agglomerates produced from imported iron
ores have been excluded, under the assumption that the ore from which such
materials are produced has been credited as marketable ore in the country
where it was mined. 
 3Data represent actual reported weight of contained metal or are calculated
from reported metal content. Estimated figures are based on latest available
iron ore content reported, except for the following countries from which
grades are U.S. Bureau of Mines estimates: Albania, Denmark, Hungary, Southern
Rhodesia, mainland China, and North Korea. 
 4Gross weight and metal content of shipments of usable iron ore, including
byproduct ore, dry tons. 
 5Reported figure. 
 6Gross weight calculated from reported iron content based on grade of 66.67%
Fe. 
 7lncludes byproduct ore. 
 8Nickeliferous iron ore. 
 9lncludes magnetite concentrate, pelletized iron oxide (from pyrite sinter)
and roasted pyrite (purple ore). 
 ' °Includes "roasted ore," presumably pyrite sinter, not
separable from
available sources. 
 "Excludes iron oxide pellets produced from pyrite sinter. 
 ' 2lncludes manganiferous iron ore. 
 ' 3For cement manufacture. 
 ' 4lncludes byproduct magnetite as follows in thousand long tons: 1976_r3,412;
1977_T4,971 1978—3,821; 1979—not available. 
 "Year beginning March 21 of that stated. 
 ' 6Concentrate including concentrate derived from iron sand as follows in
thousand long tons: 1976—191; 1977—124; 1978—66;
1979—not
available. 
 ' 7Largely concentrates from magnetite-titanium sands. 


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