Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)
Absalom, Sandra T.
Bromine, pp. 131-137 ff. PDF (920.6 KB)
BROMINE 137 Expo II in Philadelphia.34 The battery, being developed for use in electric vehicles and for utility load leveling, has a projected energy density two to three times that of conventional lead-acid batteries, or 35 watthours per pound. Design estimates place the cost of the battery at $30 per kilowatt-hour. Among the advantages of the prototype (a 6-volt, 80-ampere-hour system that has been under development for 3 years) are operation at ordinary temperatures and low-cost components. Research into the structure and function of hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying molecule in blood, and into what goes wrong with hemoglobin in sickle cell anemia patients, has led to investigation of several types of chemicals that show potential to treat the disease.~~ A research group at Northwestern University is exploring the use of a brominated aspirin derivative (acetyi-3,5-dibromosalicylic acid) that can enter red blood cells to react with the hemoglobin inside and thereby prevent the cell deformation known as sickling. Although toxicity studies have not yet been conducted, it is generally believed that derivatives of well known drugs such as aspi rin stand a good chance of being approved for therapeutic use in humans. An experimental drug therapy for workers poisoned by the pesticide Kepone appears to have potential for detoxifying the systems of persons afflicted with dangerous levels of other halogenated hydrocarbons.~~ Successful preliminary research at Virginia Medical College using cholestyramine, a bulky anion-exchange resin, could possibly be expanded to detoxification studies of such potential carcinogens as PBB, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), mirex, aldrin, dieldrin, and DDT. Future research would include studies of the mechanism of halogenated hydrocarbon excretion from the body, and the safety of using cholestyramine and similar agents for eliminating these compounds. Field trials at two waste-water treatment plants have convinced the Dow Chemical Co. that bromine chloride has greater efficacy in killing bacteria and viruses than chlorine." Although more expensive than chlorine, bromine chloride offers the advantages of use at lower vapor pressures, short- er retention time, and avoidance of formation of chemical compounds that may be toxic to fish. ' Physical scientist, Section of Nonmetallic Minerals. ' Chemical and Engineering News. Regulators Release Chemicals Hit List. V. 56, No. 50, Dec. 11, 1978, P. 19. 3Environmental Science and Technology. ES&T Currents. V. 13, No. 11, November 1979, p. 1325. 4Chemical Week. Strict Limits for DBCP. V. 122, No. 12, Mar. 22, 1978, p. 25. ' Chemical Marketing Reporter. NC! Issues a Report on DBCP Carcinogenicity. V. 213, No. 10, Mar. 6, 1978, p. 30. 6The Wall Street Journal. EPA Halts Most Uses of the Pesticide DBCP. V. 194, No. 85, Oct. 30, 1979, p. 18. 7Chemical Marketing Reporter. EPA Issues Final Rule on Lead-in-Gas~ V. 126, No. 12, Sept. 17, 1979, p. 44. - 8Chemical Week. IRLG Will Review 24 More Substances in Four Agency Effort. V. 123, No. 23, Dec. 6, 1978, p. 24. 9Chemical and Engineering News Gasoline Additive is Carcinogenic. V. 56, No. 46, Nov. 13, 1978, p. 17. iO__~~ NC! Says Tris Is an Animal Carcinogen. V. 56, No. 19, May 8, 1978, p. 16. "Wall Street Journal. U.S. Abandons Bid for Firms To Buy Back Tris-Treated Products. V. 192, No. 11, July 18, 1978, p. 10. "Federal Register. V. 43, No. 115, June 14, 1978, p. 25711. ' 3Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents. Veto of Bill Concerning GovernmentBan of Pris in Sleepwear. V. 14, No. 45, p. 1977-8. ' 4Chemical Week. OSHA Plans Action on Epi, Vinyl Bromide and Ethylene Dichloride V 123 No 24 Dec 13 1978, p. 25. ~ No Ill Effects From PBB Contamination. V. 125, No. 16, Oct. 17, 1979, p. 27. ' 6—.Tiine Runs Out for Plant. V. 123, No. 10, Sept. 6, 1978, p. 17. ' 7Chemical Marketing Reporter. Velsicol Sets Program for Arkansas Bromine. V. 214, No. 24, Dec. 11, 1978, pp. 4, 47. ' 8—.Calcium Bromide Expansions of Dow To Raise Capacity to 120MM Lbs. in ' 79. V. 214, No. 23, Dec. 4, 1978, pp.3,27. ' 9Chemical and Engineering News. Checkoff. V. 56, No. 35, Aug. 28, 1978, p. 12. ' °Industrial Minerals. BrC1 as Disinfectant. V. 146, November 1979, p. 18. "Mining Journal. Tibetan Resources. V. 292, No. 7503, June 8, 1979, p. 445. "Federal Register. Bromine and Brominated Compounds From Israel. V. 43, No. 233, Dec. 4, 1978, p. 56746. ' 3Chemical Week. Israeli Chemicals Go Public. V. 122, No.2, Jan. 11, 1978, p. 22. ' 4European Chemical News. Israel Chemicals Details Expansion Plans. V. 34, No. 920, Jan. 14, 1980, p. 28. In Brief. V. 32, No. 863, Nov. 24, 1978, p. 40. ' 6lndustrial Minerals. Jordan—Potash Leads to Bromine/Magnesia. No. 133, October 1978, pp. 14-15. "Chemical Age. Jordanian Bromine Venture. V. 117, No. 3077/8, Aug. 4-11, 1978, p. 1. ' 8——.Toxicity Problems Hit Broomchemie Bromides Complex. V. 117, No. 3052, Feb. 17, 1978, p. 5. ' 9lndustrial Minerals. No. 140, May 1979, p. 62. 30European Chemical News. Newsbriefs. V. 132, No. 890, June 4, 1979, p.8. 3i...........~ In Brief. V. 32, No. 866, Dec. 15, 1978, p. 22. ~ In Brief. V. 32, No. 882, Apr. 9, 1979, p. 33. 33Chemical Engineering. Chementator. V. 86, No. 14, July 2, 1979, p. 26. Chemical and Engineering News. Exxon Demonstrates Zinc-Bromine Battery. V. 56, No. 42, Oct. 16, 1978, p. 21. 35—.Researchers Refine Knowledge of Hemoglobin. V. 56, No.6, Feb. 6, 1978, pp. 21-22. 36Chemical Week. Can It Rid Body of Other Toxins? V. 122, No. 9, Mar. 1, 1978, p. 30. ~ V. 123, No. 15, Oct. 11, 1978, p. 25.
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