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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1978-79
Year 1978-79, Volume 1 (1978-1979)

Absalom, Sandra T.
Bromine,   pp. 131-137 ff. PDF (920.6 KB)


Page 137

BROMINE 137 
Expo II in Philadelphia.34 The battery, being developed for use in electric
vehicles and for utility load leveling, has a projected energy density two
to three times that of conventional lead-acid batteries, or 35 watthours
per pound. Design estimates place the cost of the battery at $30 per kilowatt-hour.
Among the advantages of the prototype (a 6-volt, 80-ampere-hour system that
has been under development for 3 years) are operation at ordinary temperatures
and low-cost components. 
 Research into the structure and function of hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying
molecule in blood, and into what goes wrong with hemoglobin in sickle cell
anemia patients, has led to investigation of several types of chemicals that
show potential to treat the disease.~~ A research group at Northwestern University
is exploring the use of a brominated aspirin derivative (acetyi-3,5-dibromosalicylic
acid) that can enter red blood cells to react with the hemoglobin inside
and thereby prevent the cell deformation known as sickling. Although toxicity
studies have not yet been conducted, it is generally believed that derivatives
of well known drugs such as aspi rin stand a good chance of being approved
for therapeutic use in humans. 
 An experimental drug therapy for workers poisoned by the pesticide Kepone
appears to have potential for detoxifying the systems of persons afflicted
with dangerous levels of other halogenated hydrocarbons.~~ Successful preliminary
research at Virginia Medical College using cholestyramine, a bulky anion-exchange
resin, could possibly be expanded to detoxification studies of such potential
carcinogens as PBB, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), mirex, aldrin, dieldrin,
and DDT. Future research would include studies of the mechanism of halogenated
hydrocarbon excretion from the body, and the safety of using cholestyramine
and similar agents for eliminating these compounds. 
 Field trials at two waste-water treatment plants have convinced the Dow
Chemical Co. that bromine chloride has greater efficacy in killing bacteria
and viruses than chlorine." Although more expensive than chlorine, bromine
chloride offers the advantages of use at lower vapor pressures, short- 
er retention time, and avoidance of formation of chemical compounds that
may be toxic to fish. 
 ' Physical scientist, Section of Nonmetallic Minerals. 
 ' Chemical and Engineering News. Regulators Release 
Chemicals Hit List. V. 56, No. 50, Dec. 11, 1978, P. 19. 
 3Environmental Science and Technology. ES&T Currents. V. 13, No.
11,
November 1979, p. 1325. 
 4Chemical Week. Strict Limits for DBCP. V. 122, No. 12, 
Mar. 22, 1978, p. 25. 
 ' Chemical Marketing Reporter. NC! Issues a Report on 
DBCP Carcinogenicity. V. 213, No. 10, Mar. 6, 1978, p. 30. 
 6The Wall Street Journal. EPA Halts Most Uses of the 
Pesticide DBCP. V. 194, No. 85, Oct. 30, 1979, p. 18. 
 7Chemical Marketing Reporter. EPA Issues Final Rule 
on Lead-in-Gas~ V. 126, No. 12, Sept. 17, 1979, p. 44. - 
 8Chemical Week. IRLG Will Review 24 More Substances 
in Four Agency Effort. V. 123, No. 23, Dec. 6, 1978, p. 24. 
 9Chemical and Engineering News Gasoline Additive is 
Carcinogenic. V. 56, No. 46, Nov. 13, 1978, p. 17. 
 iO__~~ NC! Says Tris Is an Animal Carcinogen. V. 56, 
No. 19, May 8, 1978, p. 16. 
 "Wall Street Journal. U.S. Abandons Bid for Firms To 
Buy Back Tris-Treated Products. V. 192, No. 11, July 18, 
1978, p. 10. 
 "Federal Register. V. 43, No. 115, June 14, 1978, p. 
25711. 
 ' 3Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents. Veto 
of Bill Concerning GovernmentBan of Pris in Sleepwear. 
V. 14, No. 45, p. 1977-8. 
 ' 4Chemical Week. OSHA Plans Action on Epi, Vinyl 
Bromide and Ethylene Dichloride V 123 No 24 Dec 13 
1978, p. 25. 
 ~ No Ill Effects From PBB Contamination. V. 125, No. 16, Oct. 17, 1979,
p. 27. 
 ' 6—.Tiine Runs Out for Plant. V. 123, No. 10, Sept. 6, 
1978, p. 17. 
 ' 7Chemical Marketing Reporter. Velsicol Sets Program 
for Arkansas Bromine. V. 214, No. 24, Dec. 11, 1978, pp. 4, 
47. 
 ' 8—.Calcium Bromide Expansions of Dow To Raise 
Capacity to 120MM Lbs. in ' 79. V. 214, No. 23, Dec. 4, 1978, 
pp.3,27. 
 ' 9Chemical and Engineering News. Checkoff. V. 56, No. 
35, Aug. 28, 1978, p. 12. 
 ' °Industrial Minerals. BrC1 as Disinfectant. V. 146, 
November 1979, p. 18. 
 "Mining Journal. Tibetan Resources. V. 292, No. 7503, 
June 8, 1979, p. 445. 
 "Federal Register. Bromine and Brominated Compounds From Israel. V.
43,
No. 233, Dec. 4, 1978, p. 56746. 
 ' 3Chemical Week. Israeli Chemicals Go Public. V. 122, 
No.2, Jan. 11, 1978, p. 22. 
 ' 4European Chemical News. Israel Chemicals Details 
Expansion Plans. V. 34, No. 920, Jan. 14, 1980, p. 28. 
In Brief. V. 32, No. 863, Nov. 24, 1978, p. 40. 
 ' 6lndustrial Minerals. Jordan—Potash Leads to Bromine/Magnesia.
No.
133, October 1978, pp. 14-15. 
 "Chemical Age. Jordanian Bromine Venture. V. 117, 
No. 3077/8, Aug. 4-11, 1978, p. 1. 
 ' 8——.Toxicity Problems Hit Broomchemie Bromides 
Complex. V. 117, No. 3052, Feb. 17, 1978, p. 5. 
 ' 9lndustrial Minerals. No. 140, May 1979, p. 62. 
 30European Chemical News. Newsbriefs. V. 132, No. 890, 
June 4, 1979, p.8. 
 3i...........~ In Brief. V. 32, No. 866, Dec. 15, 1978, p. 22. 
 ~ In Brief. V. 32, No. 882, Apr. 9, 1979, p. 33. 
 33Chemical Engineering. Chementator. V. 86, No. 14, 
July 2, 1979, p. 26. 
Chemical and Engineering News. Exxon Demonstrates 
Zinc-Bromine Battery. V. 56, No. 42, Oct. 16, 1978, p. 21. 
 35—.Researchers Refine Knowledge of Hemoglobin. 
V. 56, No.6, Feb. 6, 1978, pp. 21-22. 
 36Chemical Week. Can It Rid Body of Other Toxins? V. 
122, No. 9, Mar. 1, 1978, p. 30. 
 ~ V. 123, No. 15, Oct. 11, 1978, p. 25. 


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