Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1977
Year 1977, Volume 1 (1977)
Carlin, James F., Jr.
Bismuth, pp. 187-190 PDF (351.1 KB)
(Pounds) Use 1976 1977 Fusiblealloys Metallurgicaladditives Other alloys Pharmaceuticals1 518,648 455,940 20,263 1,391,663 611,219 461,573 18,617 1,274,510 Experimental uses Otheruses Total 8,756 15,314 601 13,115 2,410,584 2,379,635 188 MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1977 DOMESTIC PRODUCTION Bismuth was produced almost entirely from the treatment of lead ores and bullion of both foreign and domestic origin. A single primary refinery operated by ASARCO Inc. at Omaha, Nebr., accounted for all primary U.S. production. A small quantity of bismuth was also recovered by recycling secondary material at the United Refining and Smelting Co., Franklin Park, Ill. U.S. refinery production statistics are withheld to avoid disclosing company confidential data. CONSUMPTION AND USES Consumption of bismuth in the United States during 1977 was 2.4 million pounds, the same as the quantity consumed in 1976. Consumption in most categories was about the same as that of 1976. Fusible alloys registered an increase of 18%, to 611,219 pounds. Experimental uses declined to 601 pounds from 8,756 pounds in 1976. Table 2.—Bismuth metal consumed in the United States, by use 1lncludes industrial and laboratory chemicals and cosmetics. STOCKS Consumer stocks at yearend totaled during the year. No data are available on 436,092 pounds, a decline of 47,718 pounds producer or dealer stocks. PRICES The domestic producer price for refined bismuth was $7.50 per pound at the beginning of 1977 and declined in several stages, ending the year at $4.50 per pound. Dealer quotations started the year at $4.65 to $4.80 per pound and ended the year at $2.70 to $2.80 per pound. Price weakness was evident throughout the year. FOREIGN TRADE Exports of bismuth in all forms rose to 95,334 pounds, an increase of 26,846 pounds over the 1976 figure. During 1977, bismuth was exported to 13 countries, with 5 countries receiving 95% of the total shipments. The principal recipients were the Netherlands (47,479 pounds), Canada (17,648 pounds), the United Kingdom (11,657 pounds), India (9,686 pounds), and BelgiumLuxembourg (4,247 pounds).
http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/| As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright