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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals and minerals 1977
Year 1977, Volume 1 (1977)

Carlin, James F., Jr.
Bismuth,   pp. 187-190 PDF (351.1 KB)


Page 188

(Pounds) 
Use 
1976 
1977 
Fusiblealloys                                                    
Metallurgicaladditives                                             
Other alloys  
Pharmaceuticals1                                                 
518,648 
455,940 
20,263 
1,391,663 
611,219 
461,573 
18,617 
1,274,510 
Experimental uses                                                Otheruses
Total                                                       
8,756 
15,314 
601 
13,115 
2,410,584 
2,379,635 
188 
MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1977 
DOMESTIC PRODUCTION 
 Bismuth was produced almost entirely from the treatment of lead ores and
bullion of both foreign and domestic origin. A single primary refinery operated
by ASARCO Inc. at Omaha, Nebr., accounted for all primary U.S. production.
A small quantity of 
bismuth was also recovered by recycling secondary material at the United
Refining and Smelting Co., Franklin Park, Ill. U.S. refinery production statistics
are withheld to avoid disclosing company confidential data. 
CONSUMPTION AND USES 
 Consumption of bismuth in the United States during 1977 was 2.4 million
pounds, the same as the quantity consumed in 1976. Consumption in most categories
was about 
the same as that of 1976. Fusible alloys 
registered an increase of 18%, to 611,219 
pounds. Experimental uses declined to 601 
pounds from 8,756 pounds in 1976. 
Table 2.—Bismuth metal consumed in the United States, by use 
1lncludes industrial and laboratory chemicals and cosmetics. 
STOCKS 
 Consumer stocks at yearend totaled during the year. No data are available
on 436,092 pounds, a decline of 47,718 pounds producer or dealer stocks.
PRICES 
 The domestic producer price for refined bismuth was $7.50 per pound at the
beginning of 1977 and declined in several stages, ending the year at $4.50
per pound. Dealer 
quotations started the year at $4.65 to $4.80 per pound and ended the year
at $2.70 to $2.80 per pound. Price weakness was evident throughout the year.
FOREIGN TRADE 
 Exports of bismuth in all forms rose to 95,334 pounds, an increase of 26,846
pounds over the 1976 figure. During 1977, bismuth was exported to 13 countries,
with 5 countries receiving 95% of the total shipments. 
The principal recipients were the Netherlands (47,479 pounds), Canada (17,648
pounds), the United Kingdom (11,657 pounds), India (9,686 pounds), and BelgiumLuxembourg
(4,247 pounds). 


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