Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Area reports: international 1972
Year 1972, Volume 3 (1972)
Wininger, Donald C
Burma, pp. 179-186 PDF (770.5 KB)
65 128 131 70 ' 80 80 167 175 179 21,000 25,000 ' 8,000 21,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 ' 9,000 10,500 ' 7,761 8,687 9,930 239 309 331 ' 110 112 279 21 24 26 84 94 104 r620 685 1,155 179The Mineral Industry of Burma By Donald C. Wininger' Burma's mineral industry showed moderate improvement during -1972. Production from the Bawdwin nonferrous metal mine near Lashio recorded a slight increase over 1971 output; however, production of refined lead and silver from this mine decu-ned owing to the continuing decline in the grade of the ore. Production of tin and tungsten recorded a substantial increase in 1972. However, output from the Mawchi tin-tungsten mine declined during the year. The U.N. Development Program has provided $2 million to Burma to help reopen other tin and tungsten mines in southern Burma. Offshore exploratory drilling was begun during the year but was interrupted in September by a blowout in which the drilling rig was destroyed. External government-to-government assistance continued to be provided to the Burmese petroleum sector by Japan and West Germany, and by the Export-Import Bank (Eximbank). The mineral industry of Burma has become very much a government business. In fiscal 1971—72 (October through the following September), 11.5% of the Government capital expenditure was designated for the mining sector as follows: Myanma Oil Corp. (MOC), $17.9 million; 2 Myanma Bawdwin Corp. (MBC), $1.9 million; and Mineral -Development Corp. (MDC),: $5.7 million. PRODUCTION "Mineral" output totaled $43.6 million in fiscal year 1970—71 and. $46.9 million in 1971—72, according to official Burmese national budget estimates.~ Crude oil and limestone are included, but not the value added derived from mineral and metal processing. Thus, products like salt, cement, refined oil, and processed metals are excluded either in total or in part. 1 Physical scientist, Division of Nonmetallic Minerals. 2 Where necessary, values have been converted from Burma Kyats (BKs) to U.S. dollars at the rate of BKs 5.3487=$l.00. In the open market, the kyat is worth much less; actually, $1.00 can buy -15 kyats or more. Ministry of Planning and Finance. Report to the People by the Government of the Union of Burma on the Financial, Economic and Social Conditions for 1972—73. Table 1.—Burma: Production of mineral commodities (Metric tons unless otherwise specified) Commodity 1 1970 1971 1972 ' METALS Antimony, mine output, metal content Copper: Mine output, metal content e Matte, gross weight Iron and steel: Crude steel e Semiinanufactures e Lead: Mine output, metal content' Smelter: Refined lead Antimonial lead (18% to 20% antimony) Manganese ore, gross weight Nickel: Mine output, metal content Speiss, gross weight Silver, mine putput thousand troy ounces -_ See footnotes at end of table.
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