Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)
Taylor, Harold A., Jr.
Vanadium, pp. 1287-1294 PDF (779.9 KB)
1288 MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1972 Table 2.—Recoverable vanadium of domestic origin produced in the United States, by State (Short tons of contained vanadium) State 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 Colorado Utah.~ 3,492 563 W W W 257 W 226 W 188 OtherStates' Total 2,428 W W W W 6,483 5,577 5,319 5,252 4,887 W Withheld to avoid disclosing individual company confidential data; included in total. 1 Includes Arizona 1968—69, Arkansas 1968—72, Idaho 1968—72, New Mexico 1968—72, South Dakota 1970, and 1972. containing slags was not included in the recovered vanadium pentoxide figures shown in tables 1 and 4. Most of the vanadium obtained from domestic uranium-vanadium ores in 1972 was recovered at the Rifle mill of Union Carbide Corp. The Soda Springs, Idaho, plant of Kerr-McGee Corp. and the Hot Springs, Ark., plant of Union Carbide Corp. recovered vanadium from byproduct ferrophosphorus obtained in elemental phosphorus production. The Hot Springs, Ark., plant also recovered vanadium from Arkansas vanadium ore. Other producers of vanadium pentoxide or ammonium metavanadate from domestic ores and/or residues included the Edgemont, S. Dak., mill of Susquehanna-Western, Inc., the Wilmington, Del., plant of The Pyrites Co., Inc., the Texas City, Tex., plant of Gulf Chemical Sc Metallurgical Corp., and the Moab, Utah, mill of Atlas Corp. Union Carbide shut down its mine and milling operations at Rifle, Cob., on August 1 and began transferring its vanadium milling circuit to Uravan. It was estimated that installation of the circuit at Uravan would take about 9 to 10 months, and meanwhile the Rifle mill will be maintained on a standby status. Vanadium liquor produced at the new Uravan operation will be shipped to Rifle where ammonium metavanadate will be precipitated, vanadium oxide produced, and the product stored for shipment. Management cited the following reasons for the shutdown and transfer: the depressed uranium prices caused by delay in nuclear powerplant construction, the diminished ore reserves and relatively low ore grades, and the increased cost caused by meeting new regulations concerning radon daughter exposure in underground mines. Atlas Corp. began preparations to resume production of vanadium from Colorado Plateau ores. Its plans included the Table 3.—Mine production and recoverable vanadium of domestic origin produced in the United States (Short tons of contained vanadium) Year Mine pro- Recoverable duction 1 vanadium 2 1968 7,105 6,483 1969 5,737 5,577 1970 5,793 5,319 1971 5,547 5,252 1972 4,699 4,887 1 Measured by receipts of uranium and vanadium ores and concentrates at mills, vanadium content. 2 Recoverable vanadium contained in uranium and vanadium ores and concentrates received at mills, plus vanadium recovered from ferrophosphorus derived from domestic phosphate rock. Table 4.—Production of vanadium pentoxide in the United States 1 (Sh ort tons) Year Gross weight V20i content 1968 12,105 10,976 1969 12,120 10,542 1970 11,035 9,986 1971 1972 10,492 10,410 9,448 9,367 1 Includes vanadium pentoxide and metavanadate produced directly from all domestic sources, plus small byproduct quantities from imported chromium ores. reinstallation of a vanadium recovery circuit at its Moab mill. However, the circuit will not be entirely completed until late 1975 or early 1976. Ongoing exploration has revealed a large deposit of uraniumvanadium ore worth an estimated $30 to $50 million located on leased properties in the Sage Plains area of Utah. In addition, the company signed an agreement to buy all the American Metals Climax (AMAX) uranium-vanadium properties in the Uravan minerals belt of Utah and Colorado, estimated to be worth another $30 to $50 million, and finalized the sale in early 1973. The company expects to be in a strong position to process ores on a toll basis and to bid for uranium-vanadium ore reserves.
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