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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Taylor, Harold A., Jr.
Vanadium,   pp. 1287-1294 PDF (779.9 KB)


Page 1288

1288 MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1972 
Table 2.—Recoverable vanadium of domestic origin produced in the United
States, by State (Short tons of contained vanadium) 
State 
1968 
1969 
1970 
1971 
1972 
Colorado                                  Utah.~                        
3,492 
563 
W W 
W 257 
W 226 
W 188 
OtherStates'                            
Total                             
2,428 
W 
W 
W 
W 
6,483 
5,577 
5,319 
5,252 
4,887 
 W Withheld to avoid disclosing individual company confidential data; included
in total. 
 1 Includes Arizona 1968—69, Arkansas 1968—72, Idaho 1968—72,
New Mexico 1968—72, South Dakota 1970, and 1972. 
containing slags was not included in the recovered vanadium pentoxide figures
shown in tables 1 and 4. 
 Most of the vanadium obtained from domestic uranium-vanadium ores in 1972
was recovered at the Rifle mill of Union Carbide Corp. The Soda Springs,
Idaho, plant of Kerr-McGee Corp. and the Hot Springs, Ark., plant of Union
Carbide Corp. recovered vanadium from byproduct ferrophosphorus obtained
in elemental phosphorus production. The Hot Springs, Ark., plant also recovered
vanadium from Arkansas vanadium ore. Other producers of vanadium pentoxide
or ammonium metavanadate from domestic ores and/or residues included the
Edgemont, S. Dak., mill of Susquehanna-Western, Inc., the Wilmington, Del.,
plant of The Pyrites Co., Inc., the Texas City, Tex., plant of Gulf Chemical
Sc Metallurgical Corp., and the Moab, Utah, mill of Atlas Corp. 
 Union Carbide shut down its mine and milling operations at Rifle, Cob.,
on August 1 and began transferring its vanadium milling circuit to Uravan.
It was estimated that installation of the circuit at Uravan would take about
9 to 10 months, and meanwhile the Rifle mill will be maintained on a standby
status. Vanadium liquor produced at the new Uravan operation will be shipped
to Rifle where ammonium metavanadate will be precipitated, vanadium oxide
produced, and the product stored for shipment. Management cited the following
reasons for the shutdown and transfer: the depressed uranium prices caused
by delay in nuclear powerplant construction, the diminished ore reserves
and relatively low ore grades, and the increased cost caused by meeting new
regulations concerning radon daughter exposure in underground mines. 
 Atlas Corp. began preparations to resume production of vanadium from Colorado
Plateau ores. Its plans included the 
Table 3.—Mine production and recoverable vanadium of domestic origin
produced in 
the United States 
(Short tons of contained vanadium) 
Year Mine pro- Recoverable duction 1 vanadium 2 
 1968 7,105 6,483 1969 5,737 5,577 1970 5,793 5,319 1971 5,547 5,252 1972
4,699 4,887 
 1 Measured by receipts of uranium and vanadium ores and concentrates at
mills, vanadium content. 
 2 Recoverable vanadium contained in uranium and vanadium ores and concentrates
received at mills, plus vanadium recovered from ferrophosphorus derived from
domestic phosphate rock. 
Table 4.—Production of vanadium pentoxide in the United States 1 
(Sh 
ort tons) 
Year 
Gross weight 
V20i 
content 
1968            
12,105 
10,976 
1969            
12,120 
10,542 
1970            
11,035 
9,986 
1971            
1972            
10,492 
10,410 
9,448 
9,367 
 1 Includes vanadium pentoxide and metavanadate produced directly from all
domestic sources, plus small byproduct quantities from imported chromium
ores. 
reinstallation of a vanadium recovery circuit at its Moab mill. However,
the circuit will not be entirely completed until late 1975 or early 1976.
Ongoing exploration has revealed a large deposit of uraniumvanadium ore worth
an estimated $30 to $50 million located on leased properties in the Sage
Plains area of Utah. In addition, the company signed an agreement to buy
all the American Metals Climax (AMAX) uranium-vanadium properties in the
Uravan minerals belt of Utah and Colorado, estimated to be worth another
$30 to $50 million, and finalized the sale in early 1973. The company expects
to be in a strong position to process ores on a toll basis and to bid for
uranium-vanadium ore reserves. 


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