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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Stowasser, W.F.
Phosphate rock,   pp. 1027-1041 ff. PDF (1.6 MB)


Page 1028

1028 
MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1972 
mining leases in the Osceola National Forest. The State filed suit in 1971
against the Secretaries of the U.S. Department of the Interior and the U.S.
Department of Agriculture after it was disclosed that preferential rights
leases had been applied for by several companies in the Osceola National
Forest, A moratorium was placed on the issuance of leases by the Secretary
of the Interior to permit completion of environmental impact statements.
The Attorney General contended that the Environmental Protection Act and
other statutes superseded the mining laws that direct the Federal Government
to issue mining permits if conditions specified are met. 
 The Governor of Tennessee signed into law house Bill 1519, which became
effective on March 23, 1972. This bill repeals the old strip mine law and
gives the State of Tennessee one of the strongest surface mining statutes
in the Nation. The phosphate industry may be prohibited from strip mining
in areas if ' this activity will cause severe environmental damage or in
areas where ' the disturbed land cannot be reclaimed. Strict regulations
are specified for mining methods, reclamation plans, disposal of overburden,
regrading, and revegetation procedures. 
 A 5% corporate profit tax was enacted by a special session of the Florida
State legislature in December 1971, and will affect the phosphate industry
in Florida in 1972. The corporate profit tax was predicted to generate approximately
$150 million per year. 
 On April 1, 1972, the State of Florida received its initial payment under
the severance tax law enacted in 1971. A total 
severance tax of $1,221,659 was due for phosphate rock mined from July 1
through December 31, 1971. This initial 6month payment was based on a 3%
assessment rate. This rate will increase to 4% on July 1, 1973, and 5% July
1, 1975. The value per ton of phosphate rock assigned by the Department of
Revenue for tax purposes was $3.11. Of the $1,221,659 total, $258,718 was
deductable as ad valorem tax credits paid to counties in which the companies
operated, one-half of the remainder, $481,470 was returned to the industry
for land reclamation, and the remaining $481,470 was deductable from Federal
taxable income. The latter resulted in a Federal tax credit of $231,105.
These deductions and tax credits reduced actual payments to the State by
industry to $250,354 for the 6-month period. 
 A new State-wide ban on high-phosphate detergents was announced by the Florida
Pollution Control Board. Effective the first of 1973, the rule limits the
phosphorus content of soaps and detergents to 8.7%. This is the same ceiling
imposed by the States of Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Michigan, and New York.
Dade County, Fla., has banned the sale of detergents containing any phosphorus.
Some cities, including Chicago, Ill., and Buffalo, N.Y., have total bans
on phosphate detergents. The Florida ceiling of 8.7% phosphorus content in
detergents applies only to laundry products, not to automatic dishwashing
detergents or personal hygiene products such as shampoo or toothpaste. Detergents
sold ' for industrial or institutional use were also exempted from the phosphorus
limitation. 
Table 1.—Salient phosphate rock statistics 
(Thousand short tons and thousand dollars) 
1968 
1969 
1970 
1971 
1972 
United States: 
 Mine production         148,336 Marketable production    41,251 Value  
          $250,692 Average per ton   $6.08 Soldorusedbyproducers  37,319
Value             $228,347 Averageperton   $6.12 Exports                
12,099 P~0~ content         3,917 Value             $75,653 Average per ton
  $6.25 Imports for consumption     116 Value             $2,679 Average
per ton  $23.09 Consumption, apparent'  25,336 World: Production        
91,466 
' Measured by sold or used plus imports minus exports. 
121,712 
37,725 
$208,689 
$5.53 
36,730 
$204,409 
$5.57 
11,336 
3,685 
$62,288 
$5.49 
140 
$3,554 
$25.42 
25,534 
88,930 
125,514 
38,739 
$203,218 
$5.25 
38,765 
$203,810 
$5.26 
11,738 
3,796 
$59,980 
$5.11 
136 
$3,790 
$27.87 
27,163 
93,635 
127,752 
38,886 
$203,828 
$5.24 
40,291 
$211,986 
$5.26 
12,587 
4,126 
$64,841 
$5.15 
84 
$2,478 
$29.50 
27,788 
96,040 
126,651 
40,831 
$207,910 
$5.09 
43,755 
$223,005 
$5.10 
14,275 
4,673 
$75,376 
$5.28 
55 
$1,416 
$25.75 
29,535 
103,866 


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