Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)
Sheridan, Eugene T.
Peat, pp. 897-904 PDF (828.0 KB)
Use Soil improvement Potting soils Packing flowers, shrubs, etc Seed inoculant 198,046 27,032 27,304 ~ Mushroom beds 2,749 Earthworm culture 5,767 Mixed fertilizers Total' 15,637 276,535 2,264 330,144 4,848 606,679 7,112 may not add to totals shown because of independent rounding. 900 MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1972 Table 6~—Commcrdal sales of peat in the United States in 1972, by use In bulk In packages Total' Short tons Value Short tons Value Short tons Value (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) $1,666 320,537 $4,495 518,583 $6,161 222 6,762 117 33,794 339 221 170 8 27,474 229 -- 2,448 224 2,448 224 38 -- -_ 2,749 38 50 227 4 5,994 54 66 -_ -- 15,637 66 about two-thirds was reed-sedge peat, about one-fourth was moss peat, and the remainder was peat humus. States leading in sales of packaged peat were Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, and New Jersey, which, together, reported 84% of the total sales of packaged peat. Michigan was the largest producer of packaged peat with 55% of the total sales. PRICES AND SPECIFICATIONS Prices of peat at individual operations varied greatly in 1972, with the price depending mainly upon the kind of peat sold, the amount of processing, and whether the material was sold packaged or in bulk. The overall average value per ton, f.o.b. plant, for peat sold in 1972 was $11.72. This was an increase of $0.03 per ton over the average value of 1971, and the bulk of the increase was attributed mainly to higher average receipts for peat sold by producers in New Jersey, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. The average price of bulk peat increased $0.31 per ton to $8.19. Packaged prices, however, decreased an average of $0.20 per ton to $14.68. The average price for bulk peat was influenced mainly by higher overall prices for bulk sales by California, Pennsylvania, and South Carolina producers; the decline in the unit value of packaged peat was attributed to generally smaller receipts for each ton of packaged peat sold by Michigan producers. Imported -peat had a total value of $17.2 million. The total value of imported peat was 13% greater than in 1971, partially because there was 14,000 tons more peat imported but also because the average value per ton increased from $51.11 to $55.31. Although the average value of imported peat was nearly four times that of domestically produced packaged peat, their values are not comparable because they are assigned at different marketing levels. Also, imported peat has different physical properties than most of the peat sold domestically, and it is usually sold on a volume basis rather than by weight. Each 100 pounds of a typical air-dried imported peat will measure approximately 12 bushels, whereas the same quantity of a typical domestic peat will measure 3 to 4 bushels. Only a few domestic operations produced peat with properties similar to those of the imported kind. Peat is broadly classified in the United States as moss -peat, reed-sedge peat, and humus, according to the materials from which it has been formed and its degree of decomposition. Moss peat is a type that has been formed principally from sphagnum, and/or other mosses; reed-sedge peat has originated mainly from reeds, sedges, and other swamp plants; and humus is peat too decomposed for identification of its biological origin. FOREIGN TRADE The quantity of peat imported into the United States in 1972 totaled 310,000 short tons. This was 5% more peat than was im ported in 1971 and the largest quantity imported in any year to date. Canada provided the bulk of the im
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