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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Briggs, Ted C.
Nitrogen,   pp. 881-896 PDF (2.1 MB)

Page 891

 Netherlands.—Nederlandse Stikstof Mattschappij NV (NSM), a Belgian
corporation, was a major factor in the Dutch chemical industry because all
of the corporation's production plants are at Sluiskil near Terneuzen in
the Netherlands. The corporation (NSM) was owned by Montecatini Edison, S.p.A.
(Montedison) (69%), Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. (25%), and the French
steel group, Wender-Sidebr (6%). NSM started producing nitrogenous fertilizers
in 1930 with coke oven gas as the feedstock. The company was the second largest
producer of nitrogenous materials in the Netherlands in 1972. Ammonia was
produced by NSM in three modern plants which used steam reforming of domestic
natural gas to produce the required hydrogen, and capacity was 550,000 tons
per year of contained nitrogen. The major part of the ammonia production
was used internally for the production of nitrogenous fertilizers and technical
nitrogen products. The plants are ideally located for export markets as they
are along the Gent-Terneuzen Canal, which is accessible, through locks, to
oceangoing vessels up to 60,000 tons. At NSM's own quay, more than 1 million
tons per year of nitrogen-containing products were handled. 
 An unusual project, which was underway in the Netherlands during the year,
was soil freezing with liquid nitrogen during the construction of an underground
railway system in Amsterdam.41 
 Norway.—Additional production facilities at the Glomfjord Fabrikker
fertilizer plant owned by Norsk Hydro A/S were to be completed by yearend.
The expansion was to double the plant's capacity to produce calcium nitrate
and complex fertilizers.42 
 Norsk Hydro started bulk transportation of calcium nitrate. During the year
a ship destined for the United States took on board 6,000 tons of calcium
nitrate, 9,000 tons of urea, and 3,000 tons of complex fertilizers at the
port of Heroya. A company representative said that this was one of the largest
bulk cargoes of fertilizers ever loaded on a single vessel, but that the
long distance and the increasing cost of landing bagged cargo in American
ports made bulk transportation necessary.43 
 Poland.—The Wloclawck fertilizer plant northwest of Warsaw was formally
inaugurated and started to supply the northern Polish market. Plant capacity
is 1,500 tons per day of ammonia, 1,800 tons per day of 
nitric acid, and 2,400 tons per day of ammonium nitrate. Feedstock for the
plant is natural gas.44 
 Qatar.—The 330,000-ton-per-year ammonia plant of Qatar Fertilizer
Co. entered the initial commissioning stage at Umm Said. Ammonia production
was to commence in July and the 360,000-ton-per-year urea plant was to start
operation by yearend. The plants were owned by the Qatar Government (63%),
Norsk Hydro (10%), Hambros Bank (10%), and Power-Gas (7%). Natural gas feedstock
for the plant was to come from Qatar's Western Duckham oilfield. Ammonia
and urea from the plant were expected to be exported to Asia, East Africa,
and the People's Republic of China45 
 Rhodesia, Southern—Sable Chemical Industries was reported to be commissioning
its new ammonia plant at Que Que. An Australian producer was believed to
have supplied the bulk of Rhodesia's ammonia requirements in the past by
shipping material into Lourenço Marques and then by rail into Que
Que for the production of ammonium nitrate. Shipments of Australian ammonia
were expected to drop off as the Sable plant, believed to have a capacity
of between 60,000 and 70,000 tons per year of contained nitrogen, entered
into production.46 
 South Africa, Republic of.—A 1,000-tonper-day ammonia plant was to
be built at Midderfontein in South Africa by African Explosives & Chemical
Industries, Ltd. The plant will be based on the use of coal feedstock, and
a $50 million contract for the plant was awarded to the West German contractors,
Heinrich Koppers G.m.bH. Completion was scheduled for 
 "European Chemical News. Principal Chemical Companies in the Netherlands.
V. 22, No. 563, Dec. 15, 1972, pp. 63, 70. 
 42 Chemical Age International. Norsk Hydro Fertilizer Expansion for Late
Autumn. V. 105, No. 2767, July 28, 1972, p. 15. 
 4° Chemical Marketing Reporter. Fertilizers Front Norsk Come to the
U.S. in Bulk. V. 202, No. 4, July 24, 1972, p. 16. 
 "Chemical Age International. Ensa Built Polish Fertilizer Plant Started
Up. V. 105, No. 2770, Aug. 18, 1972, p. 13. 
 ~ European Chemical News. Qatar Fertilizer Project Nears Start-Up. V. 21,
No. 530, Apr. 28, 1972, p. 4. 
 ~ European Chemical News. Rhodesia Commissions Ammonia Plant. V. 22, No.
541, July 14, 1972, p. 8. 
 4° Chemical Marketing Reporter. Ammonia Plant To Use Coal. V. 201, No.
21, June 5, 1972, p. 4. 

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