Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)
Briggs, Ted C.
Nitrogen, pp. 881-896 PDF (2.1 MB)
NITROGEN 891 Netherlands.—Nederlandse Stikstof Mattschappij NV (NSM), a Belgian corporation, was a major factor in the Dutch chemical industry because all of the corporation's production plants are at Sluiskil near Terneuzen in the Netherlands. The corporation (NSM) was owned by Montecatini Edison, S.p.A. (Montedison) (69%), Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. (25%), and the French steel group, Wender-Sidebr (6%). NSM started producing nitrogenous fertilizers in 1930 with coke oven gas as the feedstock. The company was the second largest producer of nitrogenous materials in the Netherlands in 1972. Ammonia was produced by NSM in three modern plants which used steam reforming of domestic natural gas to produce the required hydrogen, and capacity was 550,000 tons per year of contained nitrogen. The major part of the ammonia production was used internally for the production of nitrogenous fertilizers and technical nitrogen products. The plants are ideally located for export markets as they are along the Gent-Terneuzen Canal, which is accessible, through locks, to oceangoing vessels up to 60,000 tons. At NSM's own quay, more than 1 million tons per year of nitrogen-containing products were handled. An unusual project, which was underway in the Netherlands during the year, was soil freezing with liquid nitrogen during the construction of an underground railway system in Amsterdam.41 Norway.—Additional production facilities at the Glomfjord Fabrikker fertilizer plant owned by Norsk Hydro A/S were to be completed by yearend. The expansion was to double the plant's capacity to produce calcium nitrate and complex fertilizers.42 Norsk Hydro started bulk transportation of calcium nitrate. During the year a ship destined for the United States took on board 6,000 tons of calcium nitrate, 9,000 tons of urea, and 3,000 tons of complex fertilizers at the port of Heroya. A company representative said that this was one of the largest bulk cargoes of fertilizers ever loaded on a single vessel, but that the long distance and the increasing cost of landing bagged cargo in American ports made bulk transportation necessary.43 Poland.—The Wloclawck fertilizer plant northwest of Warsaw was formally inaugurated and started to supply the northern Polish market. Plant capacity is 1,500 tons per day of ammonia, 1,800 tons per day of nitric acid, and 2,400 tons per day of ammonium nitrate. Feedstock for the plant is natural gas.44 Qatar.—The 330,000-ton-per-year ammonia plant of Qatar Fertilizer Co. entered the initial commissioning stage at Umm Said. Ammonia production was to commence in July and the 360,000-ton-per-year urea plant was to start operation by yearend. The plants were owned by the Qatar Government (63%), Norsk Hydro (10%), Hambros Bank (10%), and Power-Gas (7%). Natural gas feedstock for the plant was to come from Qatar's Western Duckham oilfield. Ammonia and urea from the plant were expected to be exported to Asia, East Africa, and the People's Republic of China45 Rhodesia, Southern—Sable Chemical Industries was reported to be commissioning its new ammonia plant at Que Que. An Australian producer was believed to have supplied the bulk of Rhodesia's ammonia requirements in the past by shipping material into Lourenço Marques and then by rail into Que Que for the production of ammonium nitrate. Shipments of Australian ammonia were expected to drop off as the Sable plant, believed to have a capacity of between 60,000 and 70,000 tons per year of contained nitrogen, entered into production.46 South Africa, Republic of.—A 1,000-tonper-day ammonia plant was to be built at Midderfontein in South Africa by African Explosives & Chemical Industries, Ltd. The plant will be based on the use of coal feedstock, and a $50 million contract for the plant was awarded to the West German contractors, Heinrich Koppers G.m.bH. Completion was scheduled for 1974.4' "European Chemical News. Principal Chemical Companies in the Netherlands. V. 22, No. 563, Dec. 15, 1972, pp. 63, 70. 42 Chemical Age International. Norsk Hydro Fertilizer Expansion for Late Autumn. V. 105, No. 2767, July 28, 1972, p. 15. 4° Chemical Marketing Reporter. Fertilizers Front Norsk Come to the U.S. in Bulk. V. 202, No. 4, July 24, 1972, p. 16. "Chemical Age International. Ensa Built Polish Fertilizer Plant Started Up. V. 105, No. 2770, Aug. 18, 1972, p. 13. ~ European Chemical News. Qatar Fertilizer Project Nears Start-Up. V. 21, No. 530, Apr. 28, 1972, p. 4. ~ European Chemical News. Rhodesia Commissions Ammonia Plant. V. 22, No. 541, July 14, 1972, p. 8. 4° Chemical Marketing Reporter. Ammonia Plant To Use Coal. V. 201, No. 21, June 5, 1972, p. 4.
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