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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Morning, John L.
Chromium,   pp. 289-299 ff. PDF (1.1 MB)


Page 296

296 MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1972 
new chromite deposits. At the present time, the Japanese will not participate
in FERBASA's ferrochromium operations. FERBASA plans to increase its low-carbon
ferrochromium production with the installation of a 3,500-kilovolt-ampere
electric furnace. Annual production capacity of the enlarged plant will be
on the order of 5,512 short tons per year. 
 Brazilian Chrome Resources Development (BCRD) initiated an exploration program
to develop additional reserves at the Pedrinhas chromium mine in the State
of Bahia. Chromite is mined at Pedrinhas to supply FERBASA and for export.
BCRD is owned by two Japanese trading companies and six Japanese consumers.
 New Guinea.—American Metal Climax Inc. (AMAX) continued to explore
a chroniite deposit near the Sela River south of Lae. 
Table 11.—Chromite: World production 
by country 
(Thousand short tons) 
Country' 
1970 
1971 
1972 ~ 
Albania              
516 
' 589 
' 671 
BraziL               
30 
' 31 
' 33 
Colombia             
Cyprus             
Finland             
(2) 
37 
133 
1 
45 
123 
' 1 
33 
e 123 
Greece             
29 
27 
' 26 
India_._           
299 
288 
310 
Irane              
220 
194 
198 
Japan              
Malagasy Republic     
Pakistan            
36 
3 144 
32 
35 
154 
27 
27 
' 154 36 
Philippines          Rhodesia, Southern '  - - South Africa, Republic of
Sudan              
624 
400 
1,573 
52 
476 
400 
1,812 
23 
388 
400 
1,635 
25 
Turkey             
572 
665 
' 710 
U.S.S.R.e            
Yugoslavia           
1,930 
45 
1,980 
38 
2,040 
31 
Total          
6,672 
6,908 
6,841 
 Estimate. '  Preliminary. 
 ' In addition to the countries listed, Argentina has produced less than
500 tons of chromite annually in each of the three years listed in the table,
and Bulgaria, Cuba, North Korea and North Vietnam also produce chromite but
available information is inadequate to make reliable estimates of output
levels. 
' Less than 3'~ unit. 
' Exports. 
 India.—In 1969, the Geological Survey of India (GSI) initiated an
extensive study of chromite occurrences in Andhra Pradesh, Rihar, Maharashtra,
Mysore, Orissa, and Tamil Nadu, and has since assisted in the conservation
of existing ore and in the improvement of the small-mine industry's operating
methods. Currently, the GSI places 
the total chromite reserve at 13.9 million tons. Of the total, lump ore comprises
1.6 million tons; fines 4.7 million tons, and unclassified ore 7.6 million
tons. A breakdown by type of ore indicates 3.9 million tons represents metallurgical
and chemical-grade ores, and 10 million tons refractory-grade ore. 
 India's chromite production in 1971 decreased nearly 4% compared with that
of 1970. However, the value of chromite production increased from $2.1 million
in 1970 to $2.5 million in 1971. For the third consecutive year all chromite
exports were to Japan. Shipments by grade of ore were as follows: Over 48%
Cr203, 59,304 tons; 38 to 48% Cr2O3, 15,653 tons; and below 38% Cr203, 30,606
tons. 
 Ferrochromium production decreased from 14,708 in 1970 to 13,756 tons in
1971. The major producer, the privately owned Ferroalloy Corp. Ltd., accounted
for 80% of India's output while the public sector firm, Industrial Corp.
of Orissa, Ltd., produced 15%. The balance was produced by three other concerns,
one of which was in the public sector. Ferrochromium exports fell sharply
in 1971 to 4,625 tons from 9,274 in 1970. The United States received 
52% of total exports. 
 A recently revised study by the Government of India Planning Commission
estimates India's chromite demand pattern through 1983 as follows: 1973,
330,000 tons; 1978, 386,000 tons; and 1983, 408,000 tons. 
 Iran.—The Industrial Development and Renovation Organization of Iran
was reported to be planning construction of a ferrochromium plant near Bandar
Abbas with an annual capacity of 50,000 tons. 
 Malagasy Republic.—In 1972 Cie. Mmière d'Andriamena (Comma)
cutback production of chromite at its Malagasy mine owing to sales difficulty.
In 1971, Comma stockpiled about six months output because of lack of sales.
France and Japan are the principal recipients of Malagasy chromite. 
 Pakistan.—The West Pakistan Industrial Corp. (WPIDC) is a semi-government
agency which plans and supports industrial projects in Pakistan. WPIDC earmarked
$2.3 million for a ferrochromium processing plant in the North West Frontier
Province, 74% of which would be financed by Chinese credit. 
 Phiippines.—Output of chromite de 


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