Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)
Morning, John L.
Chromium, pp. 289-299 ff. PDF (1.1 MB)
296 MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1972 new chromite deposits. At the present time, the Japanese will not participate in FERBASA's ferrochromium operations. FERBASA plans to increase its low-carbon ferrochromium production with the installation of a 3,500-kilovolt-ampere electric furnace. Annual production capacity of the enlarged plant will be on the order of 5,512 short tons per year. Brazilian Chrome Resources Development (BCRD) initiated an exploration program to develop additional reserves at the Pedrinhas chromium mine in the State of Bahia. Chromite is mined at Pedrinhas to supply FERBASA and for export. BCRD is owned by two Japanese trading companies and six Japanese consumers. New Guinea.—American Metal Climax Inc. (AMAX) continued to explore a chroniite deposit near the Sela River south of Lae. Table 11.—Chromite: World production by country (Thousand short tons) Country' 1970 1971 1972 ~ Albania 516 ' 589 ' 671 BraziL 30 ' 31 ' 33 Colombia Cyprus Finland (2) 37 133 1 45 123 ' 1 33 e 123 Greece 29 27 ' 26 India_._ 299 288 310 Irane 220 194 198 Japan Malagasy Republic Pakistan 36 3 144 32 35 154 27 27 ' 154 36 Philippines Rhodesia, Southern ' - - South Africa, Republic of Sudan 624 400 1,573 52 476 400 1,812 23 388 400 1,635 25 Turkey 572 665 ' 710 U.S.S.R.e Yugoslavia 1,930 45 1,980 38 2,040 31 Total 6,672 6,908 6,841 Estimate. ' Preliminary. ' In addition to the countries listed, Argentina has produced less than 500 tons of chromite annually in each of the three years listed in the table, and Bulgaria, Cuba, North Korea and North Vietnam also produce chromite but available information is inadequate to make reliable estimates of output levels. ' Less than 3'~ unit. ' Exports. India.—In 1969, the Geological Survey of India (GSI) initiated an extensive study of chromite occurrences in Andhra Pradesh, Rihar, Maharashtra, Mysore, Orissa, and Tamil Nadu, and has since assisted in the conservation of existing ore and in the improvement of the small-mine industry's operating methods. Currently, the GSI places the total chromite reserve at 13.9 million tons. Of the total, lump ore comprises 1.6 million tons; fines 4.7 million tons, and unclassified ore 7.6 million tons. A breakdown by type of ore indicates 3.9 million tons represents metallurgical and chemical-grade ores, and 10 million tons refractory-grade ore. India's chromite production in 1971 decreased nearly 4% compared with that of 1970. However, the value of chromite production increased from $2.1 million in 1970 to $2.5 million in 1971. For the third consecutive year all chromite exports were to Japan. Shipments by grade of ore were as follows: Over 48% Cr203, 59,304 tons; 38 to 48% Cr2O3, 15,653 tons; and below 38% Cr203, 30,606 tons. Ferrochromium production decreased from 14,708 in 1970 to 13,756 tons in 1971. The major producer, the privately owned Ferroalloy Corp. Ltd., accounted for 80% of India's output while the public sector firm, Industrial Corp. of Orissa, Ltd., produced 15%. The balance was produced by three other concerns, one of which was in the public sector. Ferrochromium exports fell sharply in 1971 to 4,625 tons from 9,274 in 1970. The United States received 52% of total exports. A recently revised study by the Government of India Planning Commission estimates India's chromite demand pattern through 1983 as follows: 1973, 330,000 tons; 1978, 386,000 tons; and 1983, 408,000 tons. Iran.—The Industrial Development and Renovation Organization of Iran was reported to be planning construction of a ferrochromium plant near Bandar Abbas with an annual capacity of 50,000 tons. Malagasy Republic.—In 1972 Cie. Mmière d'Andriamena (Comma) cutback production of chromite at its Malagasy mine owing to sales difficulty. In 1971, Comma stockpiled about six months output because of lack of sales. France and Japan are the principal recipients of Malagasy chromite. Pakistan.—The West Pakistan Industrial Corp. (WPIDC) is a semi-government agency which plans and supports industrial projects in Pakistan. WPIDC earmarked $2.3 million for a ferrochromium processing plant in the North West Frontier Province, 74% of which would be financed by Chinese credit. Phiippines.—Output of chromite de
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