Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)
Morning, John L.
Chromium, pp. 289-299 ff. PDF (1.1 MB)
CHROMIUM Material - High-carbon ferrochromium Charge chromium Imported charge chromium Low-carbon ferrochromium (0.025% carbon) Low-carbon ferrochromium (0.05% carbon) Imported low-carbon ferrochromium (0.05% carbon) Blocking chromium (high-silicon) Aluminothermic chromium metal Electrolytic chromium metal Cents per pound of chromium 23.7 20.0 19.0—19.5 39.5 38.0 35.0—36.0 286 Cent8 per pound product 115 130 delivered Atlantic ports was quoted at $25 to $27 per long ton until April and $24 to $27 for the balance of the year. Strong~ competition from imported chromium alloys resulted in lower prices of chromium to consumers. For instance, the price of imported charge chromium started the year at 21 cents per pound of chromium, or 2 cents below the 23 cents per pound for domestic material. In April, the imported price dropped to a range of 20 to 21 cents per pound of chromium. To meet foreign competition, domestic producers lowered their price to 20 cents per pound in July, which caused a further reduction in the price of imported material to 19 to 19.5 cents per pound of chromium. In November, the domestic price for charge chromium ceased to be published. A similar price situation developed for domestic high-carbon ferrochromium 293 which started the year at 26.7 cents per pound of contained chromium which was reduced to 23.7 cents in July. The price was withdrawn in October. Selected chromium alloy prices published by Metals Week at midyear (July 13, 1972) were as follows: FOREIGN TRADE Both exports and reexports of chromite dropped significantly compared with those of 1971; exports decreased 42% while reexports dropped 61%. Export shipments were to Mexico, 51%; Canada, 49%; and small quantities to three other countries. Reexports were shipped to five countries; Canada, 55%; Mexico, 33%; Spain, 7%; Ireland, 4%; and Morocco, 1%. Ferrochromium exports increased 40% to 12,861 tons valued at $4,341,539. West Germany, 36%; Canada, 30%; United Kingdom, 23%; and Sweden, 9% were the leading recipients of shipments. Reexports of ferrochromium decreased to 78 tons from 625 tons in 1971. Canada received 86% of the reexports. Chromium and chromium alloys (wrought and unwrought) and waste and scrap exports totaled 200 tons valued at $303,576. Of the 24 countries receiving shipments, Canada accounted for 23%, Jamaica 16%, Venezuela 10%, and the Netherlands 9%. Exports of pigment-grade chromium chemicals totaled 166 tons, valued at $290,340. Canada received 54% of the shipments -and the balance was dispersed among 18 countries. Exports of non-pigment-grade chromium chemicals totaled 1,265 tons valued at $1,526,092. Japan received 27%, Canada 19%, France 15%, Italy 9%, and 25 countries the balance. Exports of sodium chromate and dichromate increased 31% compared with 1971 totals, rising to 4,035 tons. Canada was the leading recipient with 69% of the shipments, and 22 other countries accounted for the balance. Imports of chromite in 1972 decreased 18% in quantity and 13% in value compared with 1971 totals. Imports from the U.S.S.R. rose 41% compared with those of 1971, while those from Turkey and the Republic of South Africa fell 70% and 41%, respectively. Imports of ferrochromium accelerated, reaching a record high of 141,271 tons valued at $34,588,000. This compares with the former high year of 1971 when ferrochromium totaled 85,187 tons. The Republic of South Africa supplied 34% and Japan 21% of the low-carbon ferrochromium. High-carbon ferrochromium was supplied by the Republic of South Africa, 42%; Southern Rhodesia, 16%; and Finland, 9%. Table 7.—U.S. exports and reexports of chromite ore and concentrates (Thousand short tons and thousand dollars) Exports Reexports Year Quantity Value Quantity Value 1970 1971 1972 41 35 20 2,582 2 094 824 73 145 57 2,572 6,081 1,946
http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/| As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright