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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Morning, John L.
Chromium,   pp. 289-299 ff. PDF (1.1 MB)


Page 293

CHROMIUM 
Material - 
High-carbon ferrochromium 
Charge chromium 
Imported charge chromium 
Low-carbon ferrochromium (0.025% carbon) 
Low-carbon ferrochromium (0.05% carbon) 
Imported low-carbon ferrochromium 
 (0.05% carbon)                Blocking chromium (high-silicon) 
Aluminothermic chromium metal 
Electrolytic chromium metal         
Cents per pound of chromium 
23.7 
20.0 
19.0—19.5 
39.5 
38.0 
35.0—36.0 
286 
Cent8 per pound 
product 
115 
130 
delivered Atlantic ports was quoted at $25 to $27 per long ton until April
and $24 to $27 for the balance of the year. 
 Strong~ competition from imported chromium alloys resulted in lower prices
of chromium to consumers. For instance, the price of imported charge chromium
started the year at 21 cents per pound of chromium, or 2 cents below the
23 cents per pound for domestic material. In April, the imported price dropped
to a range of 20 to 21 cents per pound of chromium. To meet foreign competition,
domestic producers lowered their price to 20 cents per pound in July, which
caused a further reduction in the price of imported material to 19 to 19.5
cents per pound of chromium. In November, the domestic price for charge chromium
ceased to be published. A similar price situation developed for domestic
high-carbon ferrochromium 
293 
which started the year at 26.7 cents per pound of contained chromium which
was reduced to 23.7 cents in July. The price was withdrawn in October. 
 Selected chromium alloy prices published by Metals Week at midyear (July
13, 1972) were as follows: 
FOREIGN TRADE 
 Both exports and reexports of chromite dropped significantly compared with
those of 1971; exports decreased 42% while reexports dropped 61%. Export
shipments were to Mexico, 51%; Canada, 49%; and small quantities to three
other countries. Reexports were shipped to five countries; Canada, 55%; Mexico,
33%; Spain, 7%; Ireland, 4%; and Morocco, 1%. 
 Ferrochromium exports increased 40% to 12,861 tons valued at $4,341,539.
West Germany, 36%; Canada, 30%; United Kingdom, 23%; and Sweden, 9% were
the leading recipients of shipments. Reexports of ferrochromium decreased
to 78 tons from 625 tons in 1971. Canada received 86% of the reexports. 
 Chromium and chromium alloys 
(wrought and unwrought) and waste and scrap exports totaled 200 tons valued
at $303,576. Of the 24 countries receiving shipments, Canada accounted for
23%, Jamaica 16%, Venezuela 10%, and the Netherlands 9%. 
 Exports of pigment-grade chromium chemicals totaled 166 tons, valued at
$290,340. Canada received 54% of the shipments -and the balance was dispersed
among 18 countries. Exports of non-pigment-grade chromium chemicals totaled
1,265 tons valued at $1,526,092. Japan received 27%, Canada 19%, France 15%,
Italy 9%, and 25 countries the balance. 
 Exports of sodium chromate and dichromate increased 31% compared with 1971
totals, rising to 4,035 tons. Canada was the leading recipient with 69% of
the shipments, and 22 other countries accounted for the balance. 
 Imports of chromite in 1972 decreased 
18% in quantity and 13% in value compared with 1971 totals. Imports from
the 
U.S.S.R. rose 41% compared with those of 
1971, while those from Turkey and the 
Republic of South Africa fell 70% and 
41%, respectively. 
 Imports of ferrochromium accelerated, reaching a record high of 141,271
tons valued at $34,588,000. This compares with the former high year of 1971
when ferrochromium totaled 85,187 tons. The Republic of South Africa supplied
34% and Japan 21% of the low-carbon ferrochromium. High-carbon ferrochromium
was supplied by the Republic of South Africa, 42%; Southern Rhodesia, 16%;
and Finland, 9%. 
Table 7.—U.S. exports and reexports 
of chromite ore and concentrates 
(Thousand short tons and thousand dollars) 
 Exports Reexports 
 Year 
Quantity Value Quantity Value 
1970      
1971      
1972      
41 
35 
20 
2,582 
2 094 
824 
73 
145 
57 
2,572 
6,081 
1,946 


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