University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Ecology and Natural Resources Collection

Page View

Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Brown, Brinton C.
Cement,   pp. 247-287 ff. PDF (4.5 MB)


Page 251

CEMENT 
program calls for the use of oaks, California Bay trees, manzanita, and other
shrubs, trees, and grasses native to the surrounding area. While beautification
work is undertaken by -companies in the U.S., employees at all levels in
the cement plants in Russia were expected to contribute at least 20 hours
annually for planting. The Angarsk cement plant received the Government's
"Protection of Russia's Nature" medal for landscaping the grounds with 40,000
trees, 50,000 shrubs, and flowerbeds. Waste heat from the kilns was utilized
in greenhouses to grow vegetables. Cimeats La-farge's new plant at Port is
Nouvelle received an award worth Fl0,000 from the French Minister of the
Environment for protection of the landscape and dust and noise control. T-welve
percent of the capital cost of this plant was spent on pollution control.
 -After conducting waste reclamation tests using an idle kiln at Alpha Portland
Industries' old plant in LaSalle, IlL, All American Environmental Control
Corp. (AENCO) of Wilmington, Del., purchased the idle Lehigh Portland Cement
Co. Fordwick plant near -Craigsville, Va. AENCO proposed to solve the Washington,
D.C., -metropolitan area solid waste disposal problem by processing at least
500 tons of refuse a day. In addition to reclaiming metallic wastes, AENCO
planned to start a mushroom growing center using constituents of the processed
waste as compost. Despite public clamor by ecologists and environmentalists
a-bout solid waste disposal, no one in the Nation's Capital was willing to
supply waste to operate the plant. Solid wastes from the metropolitan areas
of Baltimore, Md., and Richmond, Va., could not -be obtained either. 
 A court action that could adversely affect cement sales in the construction
sector occurred on September 21 when the California Supreme Court, in a 6
to 1 decision, decreed that State and local governmental agencies must file
written environmental impact statements on applications for private as well
as public construction projects that may affect the environment under the
State Environmental Quality Act. The decision will allow citizens to sue
to halt any significant private construction project that doesn't have an
environmental impact study. Acting on the advice of city attorneys, many
communities curtailed or corn- 
251 
pletèly stopped the issuance of building permits, even for repairs
to existing structures, pending interpretation of the C-ourt's ruling or
action by the State Legislature. Other States were expected to follow California's
lead. 
 EPA testimony at the Price Commission Hearing in Houston, Tex., estimated
that electrostatic precipitators cost a-bout $1 million ea-ch and fabric
bag dust collectors cost approximately $600,000 each. Although the following
lists are not complete they give an indication of the millions of dollars
expended or committed -by the cement indust~ for air pollution control equipment
and installation. 
 Electrostatic precipitators were installed or under construction by the
following companies, with the number in parentheses: Alpha Portland Industries,
Inc. at Birmingham, Ala. (2), and Jamesvilbe, N.Y. (1); Arkansas Cement Corp.
at Foreman, Ark. (3); Ash Grove Cement Co. at Louisville, Neb. (1); Dundee
Cement Co. at Dundee, Mich. (4); General Portland Inc. at Chattanooga, Tenn.
(1), and Fort Worth, Tex. (1); Hawaiian Cement Corp. at Barber's Point, Hawaii
(1); Ideal -Cement Co. at Knoxville, Tenn. (3), 0-kay, Ark. (2), Portland,
Cob. (2), Devils Slide, Utah (2), and Trident, Mont. (1); Lone Star Industries,
Inc. at Birmingham, Ala. (1), and New Orleans, La (2); Louisville Cement
Co. at Bessemer, Pa. (1); Marquette Cement Manufacturing Co. at Oglesby,
Ill. (1); National Cement Co. Div. of Mead Corp. at Ragland, Ala. (1); Columbia
Cement Co. Div., PPG Industries, Inc., at Zanesville, Ohio (2); and Santee
Portland Cement Co. at Holly Hill, S.C. (3) - 
 Glass baghouse dust collectors were installed or were under construction
at kiln operations -by the following companies, with the number in parentheses:
Coplay Cement Manufacturing Co. at Egypt, Pa. (6); Giant Portland Cement
Co. at Harleyville, S.C. (2); Hawaiian Cement Co. at Barber's Point, Hawaii
(1); Kaiser Cement & Gypsum Corp. at Permanente, Calif. (2), and Lucerne
Valley, Calif. (3); Martin Marietta Cement at Buffalo, Iowa (1), and Calera,
Ala. (2); and Whitehall Cemeat Mfg. Co. at Cementon, Pa., replaced an electrostatic
precipitator with a glass baghouse. 
 Air and water pollution control equip- 


Go up to Top of Page