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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Zaffarano, Richard F.; Wood, S.O., Jr.
Carbon black,   pp. 237-245 ff. PDF (876.9 KB)


Page 242

' Includes natural gas used to enrich liquid hydrocarbons. - 242 MINERALS
YEARBOOK, 1972 
Table 4.—Number and capacity of carbon black plants operated in 
the United States—Continued 
Number of plants 
 Total daily capacity 
State County or Parish 1971 1972 (pounds) 
 - Channel Furnace Channel Furnace 1971 1972 
Alabama ~ Russell 1 - - 1 
Arkansas Union 1 -- 1 
 (Contra Costa 1 -- - -California IKern 2 -- 3 (Mojave (District) 1 - - -
- 
~     2,374,219 2,465,849 fLucas 1 -- 1 ~Washington 1 - - 1Oklahoma Kay 1
-_ - 1 
West Virginia_~_ {~~~i~:::::::::::: :: :: 
 Total other States 13 -- 11 2,374,219 2,465,849 
 Total United States 3 34 2 32 rlO,647,330 11,411,559 
Revised. 
Table 5.—Carbon black and the feedstocks used in its production, by
State 
Louisiana Texas Other Total  States' 
1971 
Carbon black production: 
    Total thousand pounds. 1,078,732 1,326,153 612,250 3,017,135 
    Value thousand dollars -   78,169 108,679 45,201 232,049 
    Average value cents per pound -    7.25 8.19   7.38 7.69 
 Natural gas used:2 
    Total million cubic feet -   25,984 31,987  5,728 63,699 
    Value thousand dollars..    4,552 5,551   1,051 11,154 
 Average value.. - cents per thousand cubic feet - 17.52 17.35 18.35 17.51
- 
 Carbon black produced thousand pounds - 257759 42,855 21,817 322,431 
Liquid hydrocarbons used: 
 Total thousand gallons~ 170,864 263,976 112,864 547,704 
 Value thousand dollars - 12,989 21,189 9,469 43,597 
 Average value cents per gallon - 7.60 8.01 8.39 7.96 
 Carbon black produced thousand pounds - 820,978 1,283,298 590433 2,694,704
1972 
Carbon black production: 
 Total thousand pounds.. 1,077,977 1,425,874 697,258 3,201,109 
 Value thousand dollars. 78,843 117,963 51,555 248,361 
 Average value cents per pound. 7.31 8.27 7.39 7.76 
Natural gas used:2 
 Total million cubic feet - 23,563 24,720 5,656 53,939 
 Value thousand do1lars~ 4,721 4,356 1,460 10,537 
 Average value. - - cents per thousand cubic feet - 20.04 17.62 25.81 19.54
 Carbon black produced thousand pounds.. 207,575 43,219 20,182 270,976 
Liquid hydrocarbons used: 
 Total thousand gallons.. 177,638 277,642 135,478 590,753 
 Value thousand dollars~ 14,051 22,572 11,405 48,028 
 Average value cents per gallon - 7.91 8.13 8.41 8.13 
 Carbon black produced thousand pounds - 870,402 1,382,655 677,076 2,930,133
' Arkansas, California, Kansas, Ohio, Oklahoma, and West Virginia. 
2 Includes natural gas used to enrich liquid hydrocarbons. 
Produced from natural gas used as feedstock. 
Table 6.—Natural gas and liquid hydrocarbons used in manufacturing
carbon black 
in the United States and average yield 
 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 
 Natural gas used' million cubic feet~ 104,973 98,251 85,884 63,699 53,939
Average yield of carbon black per thousand 
 cubicfeet pounds 4.34 4.64 4.44 5.06 5.02 
Average value of natural gas used per thousand 
 cubicfeet cents_ 13.71 14.88 16.45 17.51 19.54 
 Liquid hydrocarbons used thousand gallons.. 484,404 524,370 523,914 547,704
590,753 
Average yield of carbon black per gallon 
 pounds.. 4.86 4.78 4.87 4.92 4.96 
Average value of liquid hydrocarbons used per 
 gallon cents. 7.11 7.23 7.35 7.96 8.13 
 Number of producers reporting 8 9 9 9 8 
 Number of plants 35 38 37 37 34 


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