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Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)

Fulkerson, Frank B.
Barite,   pp. 181-187 ff. PDF (537.9 KB)


Page 183

 BARITE 183 
dustries, Chemical Div., New Martinsville, W. Va.; and Sherwin Williams Chemicals,
Coffeyville, Kans. 
 PPG Industries closed -the barium plant at -its New Martinsville, W. Va.,
complex and went out of the barium-chemicals business, owing to depressed
markets. Sherwin Williams Chemicals ceased the manufacture of bar-ium carbonate
at its Ashtabula, Ohio, plant, but continued to manufacture the product at
Coffeyville, Kans. 
 Use of industrial minerals in oil-well drilling muds was reviewed.3 Bari-te
and bentonite are by far the most important from the viewpoint of sales value;
a variety of other mineral commodities, including lime, soda ash, mica, gypsum,
rock salt, and graphite, are also used. The position of barite for mud-weighting
purposes seems secure as long as prevailing drilling 
methods continue. 
PRICES 
 Prices of crude and ground barite gener- Quoted prices for imported crude
barite ally are negotiated between buyer and decreased in 1972. 
seller. Prices of barite published in trade The average value per ton excluding
container cost of crushed and ground bar- 
journals serve as a general guide and do ite f.o.b. plant was $31.20 in 1972,
comnot necessarily reflect actual transactions. pared with $25.58 in 1971.
 Table 5.—Price quotations for crude and ground barite in 1972 Item
 - Price per ton 
Chemical and glass grade, f.o.b. shipping point, carload lots, short ton:
   Hand picked, 95% BaSO4, 1% iron $22.50—$24.50 
   Water ground, 99.5% BaSO4, 325 mesh, 50-pound bags 55—78 
Drilling-mud grade: 
   Ground, 83—98% BaSO4, 3—12% iron, specific gravity 4.20-4.30,
f.o.b. shipping point, 
    carload lots, short ton 37—44 
   Crude, bulk, imported, specific gravity 4.20—4.30, c.i.f. gulf ports,
short ton 14—18 
Source: Engineering and Mining Journal. 
FOREIGN TRADE 
 Canada and Singapore were the principal countries receiving natural barium
sulfate and carbonate exports (mostly ground barite) from the United States.
The exports increased from 24,000 tons in 1971 to 52,000 tons in 1972. 
 Imports of crude barite increased 29% compared with those in 1971. The increase
can be attributed in large part to the removal of a 10% ad valorem surcharge
that was in effect during the last half of 1971. Declared values of crude
barite at foreign ports were as follows for the indicated countries: Ireland,
- $9.85; Mexico, $10.40; and Peru, $5.47. Imported barite was 
ground at processing plants in Louisiana and Texas. About 1,300 tons of crushed
or ground witherite was imported from the United Kingdom. 
 Imports of precipitated barium carbonate rose over 600%. The large increase
was due mainly to reduced domestic supplies of the chemical because of plant
closures. West Germany supplied most of the precipitated barium carbonate.
Imports of blanc fixe and barium chloride also increased appreciably. 
 Jones, G. K. Industrial Minerals in Oil-Well Drilling. md. Miner. (London),
No. 60, September 1972, pp. 9—31. 


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