Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook: Metals, minerals, and fuels 1972
Year 1972, Volume 1 (1972)
Fulkerson, Frank B.
Barite, pp. 181-187 ff. PDF (537.9 KB)
182 MINERALS YEARBOOK, 1972 vada; Milchem, Inc., with four mines in Missouri and four in Nevada; Baroid Div., NL Industries, Inc., with two mines in Missouri, one in Arkansas, one in Nevada, and one in Tennessee; and Inlet Oil Corp., with a mine in Alaska. Ground and crushed barite was produced mainly in Arkansas, Missouri, and Nevada from domestic barite and in Loinsiana and Texas from imported material. Processing plants were also located in Alaska, California, Georgia, Illinois, Tennessee, and Utah. Dresser Minerals was constructing a new beneficiation plant at its Greystone mine, southeast of Battle Mountain, Nev. The -new plant was scheduled for completion in 1973. The Missouri Geological Survey testdrilled four tailings ponds i-n the Washington County bärite district to determine the quantity and size-grade distribution of the barite contained in them. Interest in the ponds was increasing as k-nown barite reserves were progressively being depleted. A district inventory -indicated a total of 67 ponds containing an estimated 1.9 million tons of barite. This was equivalent to nearly 10 years' supply at the current production rate.2 CONSUMPTION AND USES About 80% of the ground and crushed barite sold was used as a weighting agent in oil- and gas-well drilling muds; this use increased 139,000 tons. Barite usage for barium-chemical manufacturing decreased 35,000 tons. All other uses increased 18,000 tons. Producers of barium chemicals from barite included Chemetron Corp., Huntington, W. Va.; Chemical Products Corp., Cartersville, Ga.; Great Western Sugar Co., Johnstown, Cob.; Inorganic Chemicals Div., FMC Corp., Modesto, Calif.; Mallinckrodt Chemical Works, St. Louis, Mo.; PPG I-n- 2 Wharton, H. M. Barite Ore Potential of Four Tailings Ponds in the Washington County Barite District, Missouri. Missouri Geol. Survey and Water Res. Rept. of Inv. 53, Rolla, Mo., 1972, 91 pp. Table 3.—Ground and crushed barite sold, by use' Use2 1970 Short tons % o f total 1971 Short tons ¶37 ,~ of total 1972 Short tons % of total Barium chemicals' Glass Filler or extender: Paint Rubber Other filler Well drilling Other uses Total 146,038 49,642 43,919 25,489 (4) 1,118,973 24,565 10 4 3 2 - - 79 2 140,843 (4) 43,439 (4) 22,430 1,044,367 104,318 10 - - 3 - - 2 77 8 105,589 7 (4) - - 46,342 3 (4) - - (4) - - 1,183,340 80 142,183 10 1,408,626 100 1,355,397 100 1,477,454 100 ' Includes imported barite. ' Uses reported by producers of ground and crushed barite, except for barium chemicals. ' Quantities reported by consumers. ' Included with "Other uses" to avoid disclosing individual company confidential data. Table 4.—Barium chemicals produced and sold by producers in the United States in 1972 1 (Short tons) Chemical Plants Produced Sold by Quantity producers Value Barium carbonate 5 44,611 35,569 $5,247,301 Other barium chemicals2 (3) * 38,880 30,576 - 8,621,979 Total4 7 83,491 66,145 13,869,280 ' Only data reported by barium-chemical plants that consume barite are included. ' Includes black ash, blanc fixe, chloride, hydroxide, oxide, peroxide, sulfide, and other compounds for which separate data may not be revealed. ' Black ash, 1 plant; blanc fixe, 2; chloride, 3; oxide, 1; peroxide, 1; and sulfIde, 1. A plant producing more than 1 product is counted only once in arriving at total.
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